Phalsbourg (French pronunciation: [falsbuʁ]; German: Pfalzburg; Lorraine Franconian: Phalsburch) is a commune in the Moselle department in Grand Est in north-eastern France, with a population of about 5,000.
|Intercommunality||Pays de Phalsbourg|
|• Mayor (2020–2026)||Jean-Louis Madelaine|
|13.15 km2 (5.08 sq mi)|
|• Density||360/km2 (930/sq mi)|
|Time zone||UTC+01:00 (CET)|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC+02:00 (CEST)|
|Elevation||200–384 m (656–1,260 ft) |
(avg. 380 m or 1,250 ft)
|1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km2 (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.|
It lies high on the west slopes of the Vosges, 25 miles (40 km) northwest of Strasbourg. In 1911, it contained an Evangelical and a Roman Catholic church, a synagogue and a teachers' seminary. Its industries then included the manufacture of gloves, straw hats and liqueurs, and quarrying.
The area of the city of Phalsbourg, originally Pfalzburg, was originally part of the principality of Lützelstein, under the overlordship of Luxembourg, then the bishops of Metz and of Strasbourg, before becoming possessed by the Dukes of Palantine Veldenz, all within the Holy Roman Empire of the German Nation. In 1570, Duke George John I, Count Palatine of Veldenz founded the town of Pfalzburg as a refuge for Reformed Protestants expelled from of the Duchy of Lorraine, and as an administrative center of his holdings. But the cost forced him to sell the city and the surrounding district of Einarzhausen between 1583 and 1590 to Lorraine, the territory of which surrounded most of the area. In 1608, his successor Georg Gustav of Palantine Veldenz founded nearby Lixheim for Reformed refugees, but was also forced to sell the new town in 1623 to Lorraine.
From 1629 to 1660, Pfalzburg and Lixheim were combined as the Principality of Pfalzburg, for duchess Henriette of Lorraine (1605-1660) and her three successive husbands. The principality was acknowledged by Holy Roman Emperor Ferdinand II in 1629. After the death of Henriette, the principality returned to Lorraine. But the next year, Lorraine had to cede it to France in the Treaty of Vincennes in 1661, at a time when most of Lorraine was occupied by French troops since 1634.
The famous French military engineer Vauban reconstructed the town's fortifications in 1680. The town was of military importance as commanding one of the passes of the Vosges. The fortifications of Phalsbourg resisted the Allies in 1814 and 1815, and the Germans commanded by Taillant for four months during 1870, but they were taken on 12 December of that year, and have since been razed. The town was German again from 1871 to 1918, with its old name of Pfalzburg.
The United States Air Forces in Europe built an air base near the city in 1953. The base was returned in 1967 to the French government, which redesignated it as "Quartier La Horie". The base is currently used by the French military's 1er Régiment d'Hélicoptères de Combat.
The climate in this area has mild differences between highs and lows, and there is adequate rainfall year-round. The Köppen Climate Classification subtype for this climate is "Cfb" (Marine West Coast Climate/Oceanic climate).
Notable people Edit
- Christoph Theodor Aeby (1835-1885), anatomist, anthropologist, and academic
- Jean-Baptiste-Adolphe Charras (1810-1865), soldier, military historian and political figure
- Alexandre Chatrian (1826-1890), writer
- Émile Erckmann (1822-1899), writer
- George John I, Count Palatine of Veldenz (1543-1592), founder of Phalsbourg
- Mathieu Klein (1976-), mayor of Nancy
- Philippe Klein (1957-), engineer and businessman in the automotive industry
- Joseph Alfred Micheler (1861-1931), general during World War I
- Georges Mouton (1770-1838), soldier and political figure
- Louis Dominique Munnier (1734-1800), general of the French Revolutionary Wars
- Fatih Öztürk (1986-), football player who played in the Süper Lig
- Romuald Peiser (1979-), former football player who played for Troyes and Gueugnon
- Henri Rottembourg (1769-1857), soldier, division commander in the Napoleonic Wars
- Mathilde Salomon (1837-1907), director of Collège Sévigné from 1883 to 1909
- Jean-Jacques Uhrich (1802-1886), military governor during the Franco-Prussian War
- Pierre Veltz (1945-), academic, urban planner
See also Edit
- "Répertoire national des élus: les maires". data.gouv.fr, Plateforme ouverte des données publiques françaises (in French). 2 December 2020.
- "Populations légales 2020". The National Institute of Statistics and Economic Studies. 29 December 2022.
- "Porte d'allemagne". Lorraine Tourisme (in French). 9 November 2021. Retrieved 27 August 2023.
- "Festival de théâtre de Phalsbourg". Les Archives du Spectacle (in French). 25 July 2019. Retrieved 27 August 2023.
- "culture théâtre. Les plus ou moins trente ans du festival de Phalsbourg". www.republicain-lorrain.fr (in French). Retrieved 27 August 2023.
- Climate Summary for Phalsbourg
- Ripley, George; Dana, Charles A., eds. (1879). The American Cyclopædia. .
- Media related to Phalsbourg at Wikimedia Commons