This article possibly contains original research. (February 2020)
The Phaeton complex is a psychological condition described by Maryse Choisy as a "painful combination of thoughts and emotions caused by the absence, loss, coldness, or traumatizing behavior of one or both parents, resulting in frustration and aggression".
The theory was devised by Lucille Iremonger, who in 1970 studied the 24 British prime ministers who held office from 1809 to 1940, and found that 62% of these men had lost one or both parents by age 15, compared to a national average of 10-15% in those times. Hugh Berrington expanded on the theory in 1974, finding sufferers of the Phaeton complex to be less sociable, flexible or tolerant, instead being ambitious, vain, sensitive, lonely and shy. Micha Popper, though, disputes that an unhappy childhood always leads to obsessive urges, citing Winston Churchill as an example where childhood unhappiness had positive results.
Neville Chamberlain, UK prime minister 1937–40, having lost his mother by age six, is said to have displayed 'all the characteristics of the damaged Phaeton - immature, sensitive, cold, secretive and depressed' when in office, according to Harry Davis.
In a discussion of the Phaeton complex, Tom McTague lists Boris Johnson, Theresa May, Bill Clinton and Tony Blair as examples of ambitious, isolated, detached politicians who suffered a 'deprivation of love' in childhood.
- Micha Popper, Hypnotic Leadership: Leaders, Followers, and the Loss of Self, Praeger, 2001, p.25
- Mostafa Rejai and Kay Phillips, Leaders and Leadership: an Appraisal of Theory and Research, Praeger, 1997, p. 46
- Hugh Berrington, The Fiery Chariot, British Journal of Political Science, 4:345-369
- Micha Popper, Hypnotic Leadership, Praeger 2001, p.26
- Tom McTague, Boris Johnson meets his Destiny, The Atlantic, 22 July 2019
- Harry Davis, The Palace of Crystal, Arena Books, 1988, p. 124
- Ammar Ali Qureshi, Non-fiction: the complex Mr Bhutto, (review of Zulfikar Ali Bhutto, the Psychodynamics of his Rise and Fall, book by Shamim Ahmad), Dawn, 12 May 2019
- Tom McTague, Boris Johnson meets his destiny, The Atlantic, 22 July 2019