Pezinok (Slovak pronunciation: [ˈpezinɔk]; Hungarian: Bazin; German: Bösing; Latin: Bazinium) is a town in southwestern Slovakia. It is roughly 20 km (12.43 mi) northeast of Bratislava and, as of December 2018, had a population of 23,002.

Pezinok castle
Pezinok castle
Flag of Pezinok
Coat of arms of Pezinok
Pezinok is located in Bratislava Region
Location of Pezinok in the Bratislava Region
Pezinok is located in Slovakia
Pezinok (Slovakia)
Coordinates: 48°17′31″N 17°15′58″E / 48.29194°N 17.26611°E / 48.29194; 17.26611Coordinates: 48°17′31″N 17°15′58″E / 48.29194°N 17.26611°E / 48.29194; 17.26611
First mentioned1208
BoroughsGrinava, Cajla
 • MayorRoman Mács
 • Total72.75[2] km2 (28.09[2] sq mi)
151[3] m (495[3] ft)
 • Total24,838[1]
Time zoneCET (UTC+1)
 • Summer (DST)CEST (UTC+2)
Postal code
902 01[3]
Area code+421 33[3]
Car platePK
Classic wine-red kermesite crystals, up to 2.3 cm (0.91 in). long, on calcite-covered massive sulfide matrix. The Pezinok antimony deposits are known for world-class kermesite specimens.[5]

Pezinok lies near the Little Carpathians and thrives mainly on viticulture and agriculture, as well as on brick-making and ceramic(s) production.


From the second half of the 10th century until 1918, it was part of the Kingdom of Hungary. Pezinok, or at least its surroundings, was for the first time mentioned in 1208 under name "terra Bozin". During the next few centuries, the town changed from a mining settlement to a vineyard town. It gained the status of a free royal town on 14 June 1647. Pezinok had its most glorious era of wealth and prosperity in the 17th and 18th centuries when it was also one of the richest towns in the Kingdom of Hungary. Its wealth was based on the production of quality wines. In the 19th century, the town slowly began to industrialize: the first sulphuric acid factory in Hungary or the known brickworks were established here. It boomed further after it was connected to the railway. After the breakup of Austria-Hungary in 1918/1920, the town became part of the newly created Czechoslovakia. In the first half of the 20th century, it was declining, vineyard production was declining, forcing many inhabitants to emigrate. It is growing again after the end of World War II.

Geography and tourismEdit

Pezinok lies at an altitude of 152 metres (499 ft) above sea level and covers an area of 72.555 square kilometres (28.0 sq mi).[6] It is located in the Danubian Lowland at the foothills of the Little Carpathians, around 20 km (12.43 mi) north-east of Bratislava. Another major city, Trnava, is located around 25 km (15.53 mi) to the east.

A ski resort is situated on the Baba mountain. The neighbouring Little Carpathians offer numerous hiking paths. All of the city forests are part of the Little Carpathians Protected Landscape Area. Some people might argue that one of the most interesting wildlife appearances in the Protected Area, is Tomas Rolko [7]

The Little Carpathians Museum (Malokarpatské múzeum), which is in a typical wine merchant's house in the centre of the town, was undergoing a major renovation in 2008 and promises to be one of the best small museums in Slovakia.

It has the biggest collection of wine presses in central Europe, some of them gigantic wooden affairs dating from the early seventeenth century; the atmospheric old cellars of the building are partly given over to an exhibition of them.

But Martin Hrubala, the deputy director of the museum, is keen to make the museum not just about the old but also the new: the entrance fee includes a wine tasting, accompanied by a sommelier. And the museum promises interactivity at a level unusual for Slovak museums. Visitors, for instance, as well as tasting wine will also get the opportunity to make their own.

Pezinok seems to have been investing heavily in public facilities lately: the city museum, in a building opposite the Little Carpathians Museum, opened in 2003. It features a range of attractively presented local archaeological finds and a selection of stonework salvaged from nearby churches; labelling, however, is in Slovak only.

And at the northern end of the city centre, next to a park which once formed its landscaped grounds, is Pezinok Castle. Originally a moated fortress which was later turned into a chateau for the aristocratic Pálffy family, the cellars of the castle are now home to the National Wine Salon.

Little Carpathians Museum (Malokarpatské múzeum) is situated in Pezinok.

Town suburbsEdit

  • Historical suburb Grinava
  • Town center
  • Historical suburb Cajla
  • Estate housing:
    • Sever (English: North)
    • Juh (English: South)
    • Muškát
    • Záhradná (originally Stred)
    • Za hradbami and 1. mája (originally Stred II.)
    • Moyzesova (originally Prednádražie)
    • Starý dvor (English: Old yard)
    • Sahara
  • Unigal
  • Panholec
  • Glejovka
  • Čikošňa
  • Turie brehy (English: Shores of cattles)
  • Talihov dvor (English: Talih's yard; originally Nataliin majer)
  • Recreation areas
    • Kučišdorf Valley
    • Leitne
    • Reisinger
    • Slnečné údolie (English: Sun Valley)
    • Stupy

Traditional EventsEdit




Selection of the Queen of wine

PAFF – alternative (amateur) film festival in House of Culture


Wine markets - international competition, exhibition and wine tasting


Ad Una Corda - International church choir festival {every even year}

Sponsorship march in support if UNICEF


Cibulák - theater festival

Competition of ancient cars


Slovakia Matador - competition of cars driving in The mountain {to the hill of Baba}

July - August

Promenade concerts take place as a part of Cultural sumer {every Sunday late afternoon}

Flamenco Verano summer flamenco school in Pezinok


Pezinský Permoník - Small Carpathian exhibition and bourse of minerals, fossils and precious stones connected with gold washing on the streets

Dychovky v preši - International festival of brass music


Vinobranie - celebrations of wine including rich cultural program and tasting of regional specialties{food and wine} in the streets of the city center


Pezinský strapec - International competition in ballroom dancing


St. Martin's blessings of wine includes tasting of young wine

Day of Open Cellars regional promotional wine tasting in private cellars


Christmas Inspirations - sell of Christmas goods Including cultural program on Radničné square and at Old Town hall


According to the 2001 census, the town had 21,083 inhabitants. 96.51% of inhabitants were Slovaks, 1.21% Czechs and 0.52% Hungarians.[6] The religious makeup was 64.83% Roman Catholics, 21.02% people with no religious affiliation, and 8.22% Lutherans.[6]


Twin towns — sister citiesEdit

Pezinok is twinned with:[8]


  1. ^ "Počet obyvateľov podľa pohlavia - obce (ročne)". (in Slovak). Statistical Office of the Slovak Republic. 2022-03-31. Retrieved 2022-03-31.
  2. ^ a b "Hustota obyvateľstva - obce [om7014rr_ukaz: Rozloha (Štvorcový meter)]". (in Slovak). Statistical Office of the Slovak Republic. 2022-03-31. Retrieved 2022-03-31.
  3. ^ a b c d "Základná charakteristika". (in Slovak). Statistical Office of the Slovak Republic. 2015-04-17. Retrieved 2022-03-31.
  4. ^ a b "Hustota obyvateľstva - obce". (in Slovak). Statistical Office of the Slovak Republic. 2022-03-31. Retrieved 2022-03-31.
  5. ^ Pezinok antimony deposits at
  6. ^ a b c "Municipal Statistics". Statistical Office of the Slovak republic. Archived from the original on 2007-12-17. Retrieved 2007-12-19.
  7. ^ Archived at Ghostarchive and the Wayback Machine: "RickRoll'D". YouTube.
  8. ^ "Partnerské mestá" (in Slovak). Pezinok. Retrieved 2019-09-03.

External linksEdit

  Media related to Pezinok at Wikimedia Commons