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Pewsum is a village in the municipality of Krummhörn (Aurich district) in western East Frisia. Pewsum is both the administrative seat as well as the trade and craft centre for the municipality. The number of inhabitants is 3,352 (as at: 31 December 2006) and the village lies at a height of 0 m above sea level (NN).

Pewsum
Village of Krummhörn
Location of Pewsum
Pewsum is located in Germany
Pewsum
Pewsum
Pewsum is located in Lower Saxony
Pewsum
Pewsum
Coordinates: 53°26′07″N 07°05′50″E / 53.43528°N 7.09722°E / 53.43528; 7.09722Coordinates: 53°26′07″N 07°05′50″E / 53.43528°N 7.09722°E / 53.43528; 7.09722
CountryGermany
StateLower Saxony
DistrictAurich
MunicipalityKrummhörn
Elevation
0.0 m (0.0 ft)
Population
 (2006-12-31)
 • Total3,352
Time zoneCET/CEST (UTC+1/+2)
Postal codes
26736
Dialling codes04923

Contents

HistoryEdit

 
Coat of arms

Pewsum was first mentioned in 945 as the castle of the Manning family of chieftains. From 1565 Pewsum belonged to the Cirksena. Well-known people who resided in Pewsum included the Swedish marshall, Dodo von Knyphausen, General Peter Ernst II von Mansfeld and the Great Elector.

The castle fell into ruin in the 18th century and was partly demolished and sold. The remaining buildings have since been restored and form part of the East Frisian Open Air Museum (Ostfriesisches Freilichtmuseum).

In 1972 Pewsum lost its independence and became part of the newly founded parish of Krummhörn, albeit retaining the administrative headquarters.

ReligionEdit

 
Catholic chapel of St. Hedwig

Pewsum is one of the Lutheran islands, in the municipality of Krummhörn which is otherwise dominated by the Evangelical Reformed Church. Its place of worship is St. Nicholas Church (St. Nikolai-Kirche) dating to the 14th century, which was given a new brick façade during a major renovation in 1862.[1]

The Catholic chapel of St. Hedwig dates to the 1950s. It was built in 1959 on a private plot of land by refugees from the Germany's former eastern territories. The congregation is looked after by the Catholic parish of Emden.

The Pewsum Brethren have their place of meeting in a former kindergarten, which they have rebuilt into a community centre. Originally they were based at Hamswehrum. The Pewsum Baptists have their centre in Jennelt, but meet in Pewsum as a cell group.

TransportEdit

Pewsum is linked by the L 2 and 3 state roads. These connect Pewsum and other villages in the parish of Krummhörn with Emden and thence the A 31 motorway.

The Emden-Pewsum-Greetsiel Light Railway used to link Pewsum and Greetsiel to Emden. This metre gauge line was closed in 1963 and passenger services switched over to buses. Today Pewsum is linked by bus with the former county town of Norden and with Emden.

Places of interestEdit

 
Manningaburg

The Manningaburg was built in 1458 and is the emblem of Pewsum. In a three-storey tower mill (of the Galerieholländer type) is the Pewsum Mill Museum.

SportEdit

TuS Pewsum is the largest sports club in the village. The men's football team played until the end of the 2008/2009 season in the Oberliga Niedersachsen West (fifth league) and since then in the sixth-class Bezirksoberliga Weser-Ems.

PersonalitiesEdit

  • Pewsum was the seat of the Manninga chieftains from around 1400. The last male descendent of this line, Hoyko Manninga, resided at the Manningaburg, and sold the castle in 1565 to Count Edzard II of East Frisia and his wife, Katharina of Sweden .
  • Hermine Heusler-Edenhuizen (1872 - 1955) was born in Pewsum. She was the first registered, female doctor in Germany.

ReferencesEdit

SourcesEdit

  • Lampe, Regine (1989). Das Burgmuseum in Pewsum (Ostfriesischer Kunstführer, Heft 13). Aurich.

External linksEdit