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The Peugeot 605 is an executive car produced by the French manufacturer Peugeot between 1989 and 1999, with a facelift in 1995.

Peugeot 605
Peugeot 605 red vr.jpg
Overview
ManufacturerPeugeot
Production1989–1999
1995–1999 (facelift)
DesignerPininfarina
Body and chassis
ClassExecutive car (E)
Body style4-door saloon
LayoutFF layout
RelatedCitroën XM[1]
Powertrain
Engine
Dimensions
Wheelbase2,799 mm (110 in)
Length4,763 mm (188 in)
Width1,798 mm (71 in)
Height1,419 mm (56 in)
Curb weight1,500 kg (3,307 lb)
Chronology
PredecessorPeugeot 604
Talbot Tagora
SuccessorPeugeot 607

HistoryEdit

Peugeot 605 pre facelift
Peugeot 605 pre facelift (rear)
Peugeot 605 post facelift
Peugeot 605 post facelift (rear)

The 605 was a saloon built on the same platform as the Citroën XM, and was successor to the critically well received, but slow selling Peugeot 604, which went out of production four years earlier.[2] The popular Peugeot 505 model was thus phased out in the end of the 1980s and beginning of the 1990s in favour of two cars, the large family car 405 and the executive car 605.

Peugeot kept the estate version of the 505 in production until 1992, and had been planning to replace it with an estate version of the 605, but plans for this model to be produced were eventually abandoned.

It was launched in July 1989 in left hand drive form, and was launched onto the British market during the first half of 1990, in right hand drive form. At the time of the original launch, only petrol engines were available.

In April 1990, the turbodiesel followed, and then the naturally aspirated diesel was added in autumn 1990.[3]

High equipment levels, a luxurious interior, a smooth ride, and exceptional handling were strong points for the 605. But Peugeot had always struggled to succeed with large cars outside France, and the 605 was no different. It was too similar in design and appearance to the smaller Peugeot 405 to command a price premium, while its dashboard also drew criticism for its uninspired design.

PSA Peugeot Citroën, like Vauxhall/Opel, has not been able to address the "luxury brand" issue effectively, the automobile market seems to reward segmentation by brands from one factory, like Lexus/Toyota, Acura/Honda, and Audi/Volkswagen.

Also like the XM, the 605 initially suffered from quality issues that resulted in numerous breakdowns or malfunctions (particularly with the ambitious electrics).[4] An extensive recall operation took place at great cost, in which most of the engine room wiring and exhaust system (as well as numerous other parts) were exchanged, but by then the damage to the car's reputation had been done.

In 1995, Peugeot tried to solve the problems by unveiling an extensively revamped 605 (known as the "Phase 2" model); it received a facelift which looked modern at its time, but also the interior was vastly improved by giving it more ergonomic controls and a refreshed look. The naturally aspirated diesel was discontinued at this time, as the new 406 was placed to supplant the lower specification 605s.

Performance and handling were improved as well, and many of the reliability issues were solved. Technological advances were made, most remarkably the side airbags, although sales remained low.

After the launch of the well received Peugeot 406 (that was larger than the 405 it replaced) in 1995, 605 sales dropped to near insignificant levels, and it was quietly dropped in September 1999. The 605's successor, the Peugeot 607, was launched in the autumn of 1999, and was slightly more successful on the domestic and export markets.

The end of 605 production in 1999 spelled the end of the "05" generation Peugeots in Europe after more than twenty years, this generation had started in 1977, with the 305.

Design and stylingEdit

Its appearance resembles that of the Alfa Romeo 164, launched in 1987, and also styled by Pininfarina.[5] Despite the resemblance, the Peugeot did not use the Type Four platform; it rode the same platform as the Citroën XM.[6] As it closely followed Peugeot's design language of the time, the 605 bears a strong visual resemblance to the smaller Peugeot 405, this was generally considered to harm the 605 in the marketplace, as the car was not distinguished enough from its lower cost brethren.[7]

EnginesEdit

 
Peugeot 605 V6 12V (petrol engine)

Eight petrol engines were offered during the 605's lifetime:

  • 2.0 litre 8 valve carbureted inline four, 84 kW (114 PS; 113 bhp)
  • 2.0 litre 8 valve fuel injected inline four, 79 kW (107 PS; 106 bhp)
  • 2.0 litre 8 valve fuel injected inline four, 89 kW (121 PS; 119 bhp) – a non catalyzed version available in many markets produces 94 kW (128 PS; 126 bhp)[8]
  • 2.0 litre 8 valve fuel injected turbocharged inline four, 108 kW (147 PS; 145 bhp)
  • 2.0 litre 16 valve fuel injected inline four, 97 kW (132 PS; 130 bhp)
  • 3.0 litre 12 valve fuel injected V6, 123 kW (167 PS; 165 bhp)
  • 3.0 litre 24 valve fuel injected V6, 147 kW (200 PS; 197 bhp)
  • 3.0 litre 24 valve fuel injected V6, 142 kW (193 PS; 190 bhp)

As well as three diesel engines:

  • 2.1 litre 12 valve normally aspirated inline four, indirect injection, 60 kW (82 PS; 80 bhp)
  • 2.1 litre 12 valve turbocharged inline four, indirect injection, 80 kW (109 PS; 107 bhp)
  • 2.5 litre 12 valve turbocharged inline four, indirect injection, 95 kW (129 PS; 127 bhp)

The carbureted four cylinder petrol engine and the normally aspirated diesel (which arrived for the model year of 1991), though reliable, were generally considered to be simply over matched by the car's weight. Even the turbodiesel came in for such criticism, with its hard working engine requiring as much fuel as its bigger competitors.[9]

The fuel injected inline four was better received though it was criticised for lacking low and mid range punch, whereas the powerful 170 PS (125 kW) V6 suffered from criticisms over poor fuel economy when combined with an automatic gearbox. In the beginning of 1993, all PRV V6 engines lost 12 cc of engine displacement, in order to fit in a lower taxation class in Switzerland.

The same issue affected the top of the range V6 24 version, in spite of its all new twenty four valve cylinder head, though a top speed of 235 km/h (146 mph) made poor fuel economy more acceptable to generally well heeled customers. The 2.1 turbo diesel was widely regarded[according to whom?] as a good powertrain, but was outclassed by the new direct injection engines introduced in 1988 by Audi.[citation needed]

A 2.0 litre (8 valve) turbocharged four cylinder petrol engine (150 PS) was added in 1991, and provided good performance, but proved unreliable. Later, a 2.5 turbodiesel (130 bhp) completed the diesel lineup. In 1997, the antiquated 3.0 litre V6 engines were replaced at long last by a unified V6 option: an all new 3.0 litre, 24 valve, 194 PS (143 kW) V6.

FictionEdit

The Peugeot 605 is featured prominently in the car chase scenes of John Frankenheimer's film Ronin (1998). In the first chase, three Peugeot 605s are escorting a Citroën XM carrying a mysterious briefcase, where it comes under attack by mercenaries include the character played by Robert De Niro.

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Citroën XM". citroenet.org.uk. Retrieved 28 November 2011.
  2. ^ Buckley, Classic & Sportscar (January 2007), p. 149
  3. ^ Bellu, René, ed. (September 1990). "Salon: Toutes les Voitures du Monde 90/91". l'Auto Journal (in French). Paris: Homme N°1 (14 & 15): 145.
  4. ^ Kable, Greg (13 May 1996), "Peugeot plans '706' successor to 605 sedan", Automotive News, Crain Communications, Inc.
  5. ^ "Curbside Classic: 1991 Alfa Romeo 164". thetruthaboutcars.com. Retrieved 28 November 2011.
  6. ^ "Four of a Kind: The Alfa Romeo 164 and the "Type Four" Cars". ateupwithmotor.com. Retrieved 28 November 2011.
  7. ^ Salon 90/91, p. 68
  8. ^ Mustmar, Andi, ed. (2 October 1991). "Produk Baru: Peugeot 605 SRi, cuma rp 120 juta" [New Product: Peugeot 605 SRi, only 120 million rupiah]. Intan Motor (in Indonesian). No. 91. Jakarta: Yayasan Beraya Press. pp. 8–9. ISSN 0215-7713.
  9. ^ Salon 90/91, p. 69

External linksEdit