Petrissage (from French pétrir, "to knead") are massage movements with applied pressure which are deep and compress the underlying muscles. Kneading, wringing, skin rolling and pick-up-and-squeeze are the petrissage movements. They are all performed with the padded palmar surface of the hand, the surface of the finger and also the thumbs.
Knuckling is another form of kneading but using the knuckles to knead and lift in circular and upwards motions.
Scissoring is another petrissage movement that is performed only over a flat area with very little pressure. The index and middle fingers of both hands are only used for this movement. They are placed opposite each other and then are slowly worked towards each other lifting and releasing as they go.
It is also a term used in French professional bread baking describing a particular stage during dough development.
- Eccles, Arthur Symons (1904). The Practice of massage. W. Wood. p. 17.
- Scheumann, Donald W. (2007). The Balanced Body: A Guide to Deep Tissue and Neuromuscular Therapy. Lippincott Williams & Wilkins. p. 36. ISBN 9780781763080. Retrieved 1 November 2018.
- Archer, Patricia A. (2007). Therapeutic Massage in Athletics. Lippincott Williams & Wilkins. p. 26. ISBN 9780781742696. Retrieved 1 November 2018.
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