Petersham is a village in the London Borough of Richmond upon Thames on the east of the bend in the River Thames south of Richmond, which it shares with neighbouring Ham. It provides the foreground of the scenic view from Richmond Hill across Petersham Meadows, with Ham House further along the river. Other nearby places include Twickenham, Isleworth, Teddington, Mortlake and Roehampton.
|Population||10,317 (2011 Census. Ham, Petersham and Richmond Riverside Ward)|
|OS grid reference|
|Ceremonial county||Greater London|
|Sovereign state||United Kingdom|
Petersham appears in Domesday Book (1086) as Patricesham. It was held by Chertsey Abbey. Its assets were: 4 hides; 1 church, 5 ploughs, 1 fishery worth 1000 eels and 1000 lampreys, 3 acres (1.2 ha) of meadow. It rendered £6 10s 0d.
The village was the birthplace in 1682 of Archibald Campbell, later 3rd Duke of Argyll and Earl of Islay. He went on to found the Royal Bank of Scotland in Edinburgh in 1727, and his face is on the obverse of all of the Royal Bank's current banknotes.
The explorer George Vancouver retired to Petersham, where he wrote A Voyage Of Discovery to the North Pacific Ocean, and Round the World while living in what is now called Glen Cottage in River Lane. He died in 1798 and is buried in the churchyard of Petersham Parish Church. The Portland stone monument over his grave, renovated in the 1960s, is now Grade II listed in view of its historical associations.
In 1847 Queen Victoria granted Pembroke Lodge in the Petersham part of Richmond Park to John Russell, 1st Earl Russell, and it became the Russell family home. Lord Russell's grandson, Bertrand Russell, spent some of his childhood there. During World War II the GHQ Liaison Regiment (also known as Phantom) established its regimental headquarters nearby at The Richmond Hill Hotel, with its base (including the officers' mess and billet) at Pembroke Lodge.
In the early 19th century, Charles Stanhope, styled Lord Petersham, later Earl of Harrington, gave the Petersham name to a type of greatcoat. In 1955 Petersham also gave its name to HMS Petersham which was a Ham class minesweeper.
Petersham Road (part of the A307) includes an extremely sharp right-angled bend edged by a pair of handsome wrought-iron gates. This is the entrance to Montrose House, one of the most notable houses in Petersham. After a spate of serious accidents on the bend in the road, the neighbours formed a group in the 1850s called Trustees of the Road. The Hon. Algernon Tollemache of Ham House was their leader and they managed to persuade the owner of Montrose House to part with some land to reduce the sharpness of the bend. But various dents in the brick wall today reveal that motorists are still taken unawares by it.
Another interesting house in Petersham is Douglas House, just off the west drive to Ham House. One of its more notable inhabitants was Catherine, Duchess of Queensberry. In 1969 it was bought by the Federal Republic of Germany for use as a German school. New buildings have been erected in the grounds, but the original house and stables have been preserved.
- Deutsche Schule, London (The German School London) is based at Douglas House
- The Russell Primary School on Petersham Road was previously called the Orchard Primary School
- The Russell School on Petersham Road was founded in 1851 by Lord John Russell who served twice as Britain's Prime Minister. It was originally located in Richmond Park, near Petersham Gate, irreparably damaged by a bomb in 1943 and demolished.
- Sudbrook School is a nursery school on Bute Avenue
St Peter's ChurchEdit
All Saints' ChurchEdit
All Saints' on Bute Avenue was built as a church but was never consecrated. It was built between 1899 and 1909 by Leeds architect John Kelly for Mrs Rachael Warde (née Walker) (1841–1906) as a memorial to her parents who had lived at Petersham House. During World War II it was used as an Anti-Aircraft Command post and it has also been used as a recording studio and as a filming location. It is now a private residence.
- The entertainer Tommy Steele (b. 1936) bought Montrose House in 1969.
- Lynne Truss (b. 1955) grew up in Petersham.
- Peter Voser (b. 1958), the former CEO of Royal Dutch Shell, lived in Petersham. He has since moved back to his native Switzerland.
- Daisy Ashford (1881–1972), an English writer who is most famous for writing The Young Visiters, was born at Elm Lodge, Petersham.
- Chris Brasher (1928–2003), athlete, sports journalist and co-founder of the London Marathon, lived in River Lane, Petersham.
- The author and illustrator Charles George Harper (1863–1943) lived in Petersham in later life, and died there in 1943.
- Prince Rupert Loewenstein (1933–2014), aristocrat, merchant banker and longtime financial manager of The Rolling Stones, lived in Petersham Lodge in River Lane, a former grace-and-favour mansion, purchased for about £2 million in 1987. It is an early 18th-century house, built for the Duchess of Queensberry, and Grade II listed by Historic England.
- Beverley Nichols (1898–1983), author, lived at Sudbrook Cottage in Sudbrook Park, Petersham.
- George Vancouver (1757–1798), Captain in the Royal Navy and one of Britain's greatest explorers and navigators, is thought to have lived in Glen Cottage on River Lane in Petersham; he is buried in St Peter’s churchyard.
- "Richmond Ward population 2011". Neighbourhood Statistics. Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 11 October 2016.
- Lysons, Daniel (1792). The Environs of London: Volume 1, County of Surrey. pp. 399–403 – via British History Online.
- Petersham in the Domesday Book
- "Current Banknotes: Royal Bank of Scotland". The Committee of Scottish Bankers. Retrieved 12 September 2013.
- Historic England (23 March 2000). "Tomb of Captain George Vancouver in the Churchyard of St Peter's Church (1380182)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 4 September 2016.
- Fletcher Jones, Pamela (1972). Richmond Park: Portrait of a Royal Playground. Phillimore & Co Ltd. p. 41. ISBN 0850334977.
- Russell, Bertrand (1967). The Autobiography of Bertrand Russell 1872–1914. London: George Allen & Unwin Ltd. p. 19.
- "Bertrand Russell – the young philosopher in the park". The Collection. The Hearsum Collection. 2014. Retrieved 16 March 2015.
- Osborne, Mike (2011). Defending London: A Military History from Conquest to Cold War. The History Press. ISBN 9780752479316.
- Lankester, Max (2011). "History" in Guide to Richmond Park. London: Friends of Richmond Park. p. 91. ISBN 978-0-9567469-0-0.
- "Petersham". The Free Dictionary. Retrieved 1 August 2015.
- Blackman, Raymond V B, ed. (1953). Jane's Fighting Ships 1952–53.
- Historic England (25 June 1983). "Watchman's Box and Village Lock Up (1065343)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 14 September 2016.
- "Village Watchman's Hut & Lock-up". Petersham Village. Archived from the original on 19 October 2013. Retrieved 18 October 2013.
- Weinreb and Hibbert, p. 610
- "Rutland Lodge, Petersham, London: the main front". RIBApix. Retrieved 23 July 2016.
- Weinreb and Hibbert, p. 241
- "Lost buildings in Richmond Park: The Prime Minister's school and a magnificent mansion". Stories. The Hearsum Collection. 2014. Retrieved 16 September 2016.
- Blomfield, David. "Ham and Petersham – All Saints' Church". HistoryWorld. Retrieved 1 June 2015.
- "Laetitia Rachael Warde (born Walker)". MyHeritage. 24 February 2011. Archived from the original on 29 June 2013. Retrieved 19 April 2013.
- "Sammual Walker". MyHeritage. Retrieved 19 April 2013.
- "Obituary: Keith Grant". The Daily Telegraph. 12 September 2012. Retrieved 19 April 2013.
- The London Borough of Richmond upon Thames Local Studies Volunteer Support Group (2013). The Building of a Borough. London Borough of Richmond upon Thames. pp. 18–20.
- "Welcome to the Richmond Golf Club". Richmond Golf Club. Retrieved 18 October 2013.
- "Welcome to Ham and Petersham Cricket Club". Ham and Petersham Cricket Club. Retrieved 18 October 2013.
- "Welcome to Ranelagh Harriers". Ranelagh Harriers. Retrieved 18 October 2013.
- Cloake, John (1998). "New Light on Old Petersham Houses – 2". Richmond History: Journal of the Richmond Local History Society. 19: 17. ISSN 0263-0958.
- Hibbert, Christopher; Keay, John; Keay, Julia (2010). The London Encyclopaedia. Pan Macmillan. p. 559. ISBN 9781405049252.
- Byrnes, Sholto (22 October 2005). "Lynne Truss: The eff-off society". The Independent. Retrieved 7 February 2016.
- "Peter Robert Voser". Check Company. Retrieved 28 July 2017.
- ODNB entry. Retrieved 29 November 2020.
- "Daisy Ashford". National Portrait Gallery, London. Retrieved 29 November 2020.
- "Chris Brasher Memorial Run". Petersham Trust Newsletter. The Petersham Trust. February 2004. Archived from the original on 4 May 2013. Retrieved 12 April 2013.
- Webster, N W (1974). "The English traveller: Charles G. Harper, 1863–1943". Antiquarian Book Monthly Review (16).
- Prince Rupert zu Loewenstein – obituary, The Daily Telegraph, 21 May 2014. Retrieved 25 May 2014.
- Historic England (10 January 1950). "Petersham Lodge (1250211)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 14 September 2016.
- Fison, Vanessa (2009). The Matchless Vale: the story of Ham and Petersham and their people. Ham and Petersham Association. pp. 53, 54, 112–117. ISBN 978-0-9563244-0-5.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Petersham, London.|
- Description and map of Petersham Conservation Area
- A community site run by residents of Petersham
- Ham Photos blog – hundreds of photos of Petersham with brief descriptions
- Photo of Petersham Lock-up