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|King of Portugal|
|Reign||15 November 1853 – 11 November 1861|
|Acclamation||16 September 1855|
|Predecessor||Maria II and Ferdinand II|
|Regent||Ferdinand II (1853–1855)|
|Born||16 September 1837|
Necessidades Palace, Lisbon
|Died||11 November 1861 (aged 24)|
Necessidades Palace, Lisbon
(m. 1858; died 1859)
|Father||Ferdinand II of Portugal|
|Mother||Maria II of Portugal|
Early life and reign edit
As the eldest son of Queen Maria II and King Ferdinand II, Peter was a member of the House of Bragança. As heir apparent to the throne he was styled Prince Royal (Portuguese: Príncipe Real), and was also the 23rd Duke of Braganza (Duque de Bragança).
Peter was a conscientious and hard-working monarch who, under the guidance of his father, sought radical modernisation of the Portuguese state and infrastructure. Under his reign, roads, telegraphs, and railways were constructed and improvements in public health advanced. His popularity increased when, during the cholera outbreak of 1853–1856, he visited hospitals handing out gifts and comforting the sick.
Peter married Princess Stephanie of Hohenzollern-Sigmaringen, eldest daughter of Karl Anton, Prince of Hohenzollern-Sigmaringen, and Princess Josephine of Baden, by proxy in Berlin on 29 April 1858 and then in person in Lisbon on 18 May 1858. It was a happy marriage until Queen Stephanie died a year later from diphtheria. As Peter and Stephanie's marriage was childless, the Portuguese throne passed to his brother Luís.
Titles, styles and honours edit
Titles and styles edit
|Royal styles of|
King Peter V of Portugal
|Reference style||His Most Faithful Majesty|
|Spoken style||Your Most Faithful Majesty|
Pedro V's official styling as King of Portugal: By the Grace of God and by the Constitution of the Monarchy, Peter V, King of Portugal and the Algarves, of either side of the sea in Africa, Lord of Guinea and of Conquest, Navigation, and Commerce of Ethiopia, South Africa, Arabia, Persia and India, etc.
As heir apparent to the Portuguese crown, Peter held the following titles:
- Duke of Braganza (23rd)
- Duke of Barcelos (18th)
- Duke of Guimarães (20th)
- Marquis of Vila Viçosa (22nd)
- Count of Ourém (24th)
- Count of Barcelos (24th)
- Count of Faria and Neiva (24th)
- Count of Arraiolos (26th)
- Count of Guimarães (21st)
- He was Grand Master of the following orders:
- Austrian Empire: Grand Cross the Royal Hungarian Order of St. Stephen, 1854
- Belgium: Grand Cordon of the Order of Leopold, 9 July 1854
- Empire of Brazil: Grand Cross of the Southern Cross, 1855
- Ernestine duchies: Grand Cross of the Saxe-Ernestine House Order
- French Empire: Grand Cross of the Legion of Honour
- Hohenzollern: Cross of Honour of the Princely House Order of Hohenzollern, 1st Class
- Netherlands: Grand Cross of the Netherlands Lion
- Kingdom of Prussia: Knight of the Black Eagle
- Russian Empire:
- Kingdom of Sardinia:
- Saxe-Weimar-Eisenach: Grand Cross of the White Falcon, 1 August 1854
- Kingdom of Saxony: Knight of the Rue Crown, 1854
- Spain: Knight of the Golden Fleece, 13 November 1846
- Two Sicilies: Grand Cross of St. Ferdinand and Merit
- United Kingdom: Stranger Knight of the Garter, 24 June 1858
See also edit
- "While remaining patrilineal dynasts of the duchy of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha according to pp. 88, 116 of the 1944 Almanach de Gotha, Title 1, Chapter 1, Article 5 of the 1838 Portuguese constitution declared, with respect to Ferdinand II of Portugal's issue by his first wife, that 'the Most Serene House of Braganza is the reigning house of Portugal and continues through the Person of the Lady Queen Maria II'. Thus their mutual descendants constitute the Coburg line of the House of Braganza"
- Pinto 1883, pp. XV–XVI.
- Castelo Branco e Torres 1838, pp. XXIV–XXV, XXXIV.
- Pinto 1883, p. XVI.
- "A Szent István Rend tagjai" Archived 22 December 2010 at the Wayback Machine
- Ferdinand Veldekens (1858). Le livre d'or de l'ordre de Léopold et de la croix de fer. lelong. p. 203.
- Bragança, Jose Vicente de; Estrela, Paulo Jorge (2017). "Troca de Decorações entre os Reis de Portugal e os Imperadores da Rússia" [Exchange of Decorations between the Kings of Portugal and the Emperors of Russia]. Pro Phalaris (in Portuguese). 16: 6–7. Retrieved 19 March 2020.
- Cibrario, Luigi (1869). Notizia storica del nobilissimo ordine supremo della santissima Annunziata. Sunto degli statuti, catalogo dei cavalieri (in Italian). Eredi Botta. p. 115. Retrieved 4 March 2019.
- Staatshandbuch für das Großherzogtum Sachsen / Sachsen-Weimar-Eisenach Archived 22 August 2019 at the Wayback Machine (1864), "Großherzogliche Hausorden" p. 13
- Staatshandbuch für den Freistaat Sachsen (1857) (in German), "Königliche Ritter-Orden", p. 4
- "Caballeros Existentes en la Insignie Orden del Toison de Oro", Calendario manual y guía de forasteros en Madrid (in Spanish): 172, 1860, retrieved 26 April 2020
- Shaw, Wm. A. (1906) The Knights of England, I, London, p. 60
- Pinto 1883, pp. XV–XLVII.
Further reading edit
- Castelo Branco e Torres, João Carlos Feo Cardoso de (1838). Resenha das familias titulares do Reino de Portugal: acompanhada das notícias biographicas de alguns individuos das mesmas famílias (in Portuguese). Lisbon: Imprensa Nacional.
- Pinto, Albano da Silveira (1883). Resenha das familias titulares e grandes de Portugal (in Portuguese). Vol. I. Lisbon: Francisco Arthur da Silva.