Peter Squire

Sir Peter Ted Squire, GCB, DFC, AFC, DL, FRAeS (7 October 1945 – 19 February 2018) was an Air Chief Marshal of the United Kingdom's Royal Air Force, who held the post of Chief of the Air Staff from 2000 to 2003. In retirement he was the chairman of the board of trustees of the Imperial War Museum and vice-chairman of the board of the Commonwealth War Graves Commission.

Sir Peter Ted Squire
Born(1945-10-07)7 October 1945
Felixstowe, England
Died19 February 2018(2018-02-19) (aged 72)
Gidleigh, England
AllegianceUnited Kingdom
Service/branchRoyal Air Force
Years of service1966–2003
RankAir Chief Marshal
Commands heldChief of the Air Staff (2000–03)
Strike Command (1999–00)
No. 1 Group (1993)
RAF Cottesmore (1986–88)
No. 1 (F) Squadron (1981–83)
Battles/warsFalklands War
Operation Veritas
Operation Telic
AwardsKnight Grand Cross of the Order of the Bath
Distinguished Flying Cross
Air Force Cross
Queen's Commendation for Valuable Service in the Air

Early lifeEdit

Peter Squire was born at Felixstowe, Suffolk, on 7 October 1945, the son of Wing Commander Frank Squire, D.S.O., D.F.C., who was the son of a Devon farmer, and Margaret Pascoe Squire (née Trump). He received his schooling at the independent King's School, Bruton in Somerset, the fees of which were paid for by the British Government as he was the son of a serving military commissioned officer.[1]

Military careerEdit

In 1961 at the age of sixteen Squire was awarded a scholarship to academically study at RAF College Cranwell, which he entered in 1963.[2] He received a commission into the Royal Air Force with the rank of Pilot Officer on 15 July 1966.[3] He was promoted to flying officer on 15 January 1967,[4] and sent to No. 20 Squadron based in Singapore to fly Hunters in 1968.[1] He was promoted to flight lieutenant on 15 January 1969,[5] and joined No. 4 Flying Training School in Anglesey in 1970.[1]

In 1973 he commanded the R.A.F.'s display squadron "The Red Arrows", and was awarded the Queen's Commendation for Valuable Service in the Air in the 1973 Birthday Honours,[6] and having been promoted to squadron leader on 1 July 1973,[7] flew Harriers with No. 3 Squadron in West Germany from 1975.[1] He was awarded the Air Force Cross in the 1979 Birthday Honours.[8] Promoted to wing commander on 1 July 1980,[9] Squire was appointed commanding officer of No. 1 (F) Squadron based at RAF Wittering flying Harrier GR3's in 1981.[1]

 
Harrier, a type flown by Squire during the Falklands War

In 1982 he commanded the squadron in action in the Falklands War.[10] He flew with the squadron to CFB Goose Bay in Canada on 13 April 1982, on a six-hour flight using air-to-air refuelling for an exercise.[11] The squadron departed for the Falklands on 3 May 1982 from RAF St Mawgan, flying to RAF Ascension Island, where a few days later it boarded the merchant transport ship SS Atlantic Conveyor.[12] Arriving in the South Atlantic Ocean, it transferred from the Atlantic Conveyor to HMS Hermes, a few days before the Atlantic Conveyor was attacked by the Argentine Navy sunk by two Exocet missiles.[12] No.1 (F) Squadron was the first R.A.F. unit to operate in a combat role from a British aircraft carrier since the World War II.[13] With No.1 (F) Squadron R.A.F. assigned to a ground-attack role in the conflict, Squire personally flew twenty four sorties against Argentine positions in support of British Army and Royal Marines operations on West Falkland and East Falkland. During one attack a 7.62mm bullet fired from the ground penetrated his harrier's cockpit. On 8 June 1982 he suffered an engine failure whilst landing at a forward operating base behind British lines at San Carlos and crashed the aircraft,[14] walking away uninjured.[15] On 13 June 1982 he was the first R.A.F. pilot to drop a laser-guided bomb in action during fighting at Mount Longdon,[12] for which he was awarded the Distinguished Flying Cross.[15] Four Harriers from No.1 (F) Squadron of its ten combat strength were lost during the war, three to enemy ground fire, and one (piloted by Squire) through engine failure whilst in flight.[16] After the war, whilst still in the Falklands, on 6 November 1982 Squire again suffered engine failure whilst out on a routine patrol, and was forced to eject from the aircraft at low altitude near Cape Pembroke, being rescued from the sea uninjured by a Royal Navy helicopter.[13]

On return to the United Kingdom he became leader of the R.A.F.'s 'Command Briefing and Presentation Team', and subsequently went on to be Personal Staff Officer to the Air Officer Commanding RAF Strike Command in 1984.[1] Promoted to group captain on 1 July 1985,[17] he took up the appointment of Station Commander of RAF Cottesmore in 1986.[1]

He was appointed to the post of Director Air Offensive at the Ministry of Defence in 1989.[1] Following his promotion to air commodore on 1 January 1990,[18] he became senior air staff officer at H.Q. 'Strike Command' and Deputy Chief of Staff Operations (United Kingdom) Air Forces in 1991[1] and received further promotion to air vice marshal on 1 July 1991.[19]

He was appointed Air Officer Commanding No. 1 Group in February 1993, however, after only a few months he was replaced by Air Vice Marshal John Day.[20] He served as Assistant Chief of the Air Staff from 1994 and, having been promoted to air marshal on 9 February 1996,[21] became Deputy Chief of the Defence Staff (Programmes and Personnel) in 1996.[1] He was appointed Knight Commander of the Order of the Bath in the 1997 Birthday Honours.[22] Appointed Air Aide-de-Camp to The Queen on 29 March 1999,[23] he was promoted to air chief marshal, and became Commander-in-Chief RAF Strike Command, and Commander Allied Air Forces Northwestern Europe on 30 March 1999.[24]

In 2000 he became Chief of the Air Staff,[1] and was advanced to Knight Grand Cross of the Order of the Bath in the 2001 New Year Honours.[25] As Chief of the Air Staff he advised the British Government on the British air contribution to Operation Veritas in Afghanistan in 2001,[26] and then to Operation Telic in Iraq.[27] He retired on 5 December 2003.[28]

Later lifeEdit

In retirement Squire joined the Royal Air Force Volunteer Reserve.[29] He was chairman of the board of trustees of the Imperial War Museum from 2003 to 2011,[1] and vice-chairman of the board of the Commonwealth War Graves Commission from 2005 to 2008.[1] He was also a governor at King's School, Bruton,[1] and the Deputy Lieutenant of Devon.[30] In 2004 he privately issued a narrative of the combat operations by No.1 (F) Squadron in the Falklands in 1982, entitled 'The Harrier Goes to War'.[31] In 2005 he recorded an extended interview detailing his military career with the Imperial War Museum's Sound Archive.[32]

He died of heart failure at the age of 72 on 19 February 2018 at his home, "Lower Park", at Gidleigh in Devon.[33] A funeral service was held at Holy Trinity Church, Gidleigh in early March 2018.[34] A memorial service was held for him at St Clement Danes Church in London on 1 June 2018,[35] the Queen being represented by Lord Craig of Radley.[36]

Personal lifeEdit

In 1970 he married Carolyn Joynson, the marriage producing three sons.[1] His main personal interest was golf.[1]

ArmsEdit

Coat of arms of Peter Squire
 
Notes
Knight Grand Cross of the Order of the Bath since 2001
Crest
A four-winged bird Gules, armed, beaked, and langued Or.
Torse
Argent and Azure torse.
Escutcheon
Gyronny Azure and Murrey a Mullet of eight points gyronny Or and Argent voided fracted at the inner angles and the arms of each piece pointed the whole enclosing a Sun in Splendour Or a Bordure engrailed gobony of eight also Or and Argent.
Supporters
On either side a bull rampant regardant Gules armed, unguled and gorged Or with an astral crown of the last.
Motto
EXAMPLE THROUGH ENDEAVOUR[37]
Orders
Collar as grand cross Knight and the Order of the Bath circlet.[38]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p Who's Who 2010, A & C Black, 2010, ISBN 978-1-4081-1414-8
  2. ^ Interview with Peter Squire about his life and career, Imperial War Museum's Sound Archive.
  3. ^ "No. 44110". The London Gazette (Supplement). 9 September 1966. p. 9965.
  4. ^ "No. 44227". The London Gazette (Supplement). 13 January 1967. p. 576.
  5. ^ "No. 44770". The London Gazette (Supplement). 17 January 1969. p. 733.
  6. ^ "No. 45984". The London Gazette (Supplement). 22 May 1973. p. 6504.
  7. ^ "No. 46029". The London Gazette (Supplement). 17 July 1973. p. 8289.
  8. ^ "No. 47869". The London Gazette (Supplement). 15 June 1979. p. 15.
  9. ^ "No. 48294". The London Gazette (Supplement). 1 September 1980. p. 12376.
  10. ^ "No. 49194". The London Gazette (Supplement). 13 December 1982. p. 16124.
  11. ^ "The No 1 (Fighter) Squadron Operation Corporate Diary". Ministry of Defence. Archived from the original on 4 April 2012. Retrieved 25 May 2012.
  12. ^ a b c "Wing Commander Peter Squire, No. 1 (F) Squadron, RAF". Imperial War Museum. Archived from the original on 9 June 2011. Retrieved 25 May 2012.
  13. ^ a b Briley, Harold (November 2003). "RAF's Falklands Role in War and Peace". Falklands Info. Archived from the original on 17 May 2012. Retrieved 25 May 2012.
  14. ^ "Report on the crash for Harrier GR3 XZ989". Aviation Safety Network. 2020. Retrieved 7 April 2020.
  15. ^ a b "No. 49134". The London Gazette (Supplement). 8 October 1982. p. 12854.
  16. ^ "List of British Aircraft Destroyed". Naval History. Retrieved 27 May 2012.
  17. ^ "No. 50195". The London Gazette (Supplement). 15 July 1985. p. 9770.
  18. ^ "No. 52005". The London Gazette (Supplement). 2 January 1990. p. 73.
  19. ^ "No. 52591". The London Gazette (Supplement). 1 July 1991. p. 10091.
  20. ^ "Group #s 1 – 9". Air of Authority – A History of RAF Organisation. Archived from the original on 13 June 2012. Retrieved 27 May 2012.
  21. ^ "No. 54314". The London Gazette. 12 February 1996. p. 2190.
  22. ^ "No. 54794". The London Gazette (Supplement). 13 June 1997. p. 2.
  23. ^ "No. 55453". The London Gazette (Supplement). 12 April 1999. p. 4139.
  24. ^ "No. 55442". The London Gazette (Supplement). 29 March 1999. p. 3613.
  25. ^ "No. 56070". The London Gazette (Supplement). 30 December 2000. p. 2.
  26. ^ "Air Chief Marshal Sir Peter Squire; Chief of the Air Staff". Interavia Business & Technology. October 2001. Retrieved 27 May 2012.
  27. ^ "Iraq War: Commitment: Population can face the future with confidence, says Ingram". The Birmingham Post. 5 April 2003. Retrieved 27 May 2012.
  28. ^ "No. 57168". The London Gazette (Supplement). 6 January 2004. p. 130.
  29. ^ "No. 57175". The London Gazette (Supplement). 13 January 2004. p. 385.
  30. ^ "No. 58638". The London Gazette. 12 March 2008. p. 3859.
  31. ^ Squire, Peter (2004). "The Harrier Goes to War" (PDF). Retrieved 8 April 2020.
  32. ^ "Interview with Peter Squire". Imperial War Museum Sound Archive. 2020. Retrieved 7 April 2020.
  33. ^ Squire
  34. ^ "Obituary for Peter Squire". The Moorlander. 8 March 2018. Retrieved 7 April 2020.
  35. ^ "Memorial service for Sir Peter Squire". No. 1 Fighter Squadron Association. Retrieved 7 April 2020.
  36. ^ "Court Circular". Buckingham Palace. 1 June 2018. Retrieved 8 April 2020.
  37. ^ The Heraldry Gazette, The Heraldry Society, December 2008, p. 7
  38. ^ Order of the Bath Insignia, Heraldsnet . Retrieved 28 December 2013

External linksEdit

Military offices
Preceded by
P J Goddard
Station Commander RAF Cottesmore
1986–1988
Succeeded by
R D Elder
Preceded by Air Officer Commanding No. 1 Group
1993
Succeeded by
Preceded by Assistant Chief of the Air Staff
1994–1996
Succeeded by
Preceded by Deputy Chief of the Defence Staff (Programmes and Personnel)
1996–1999
Succeeded by
Preceded by Commander-in-Chief Strike Command
1999–2000
Succeeded by
Preceded by Chief of the Air Staff
2000–2003
Succeeded by
Honorary titles
Preceded by Air Aide-de-Camp to Her Majesty The Queen
1999–2003
Succeeded by
Preceded by Chairman Board of Trustees, Imperial War Museum
2006–2011
Succeeded by