Peter I, Count of Alençon
Peter I of Alençon (born 1251 in Atlit, Kingdom of Jerusalem - d. 6 April 1284 in Reggio Calabria, Italy) was the son of Louis IX of France and Margaret of Provence. He became Count of Alençon in 1269 and in 1284, Count of Blois and Chartres, and Seigneur de Guise in 1272 and 1284. He was also Count of Perche.
Peter was born at Atlit, Kingdom of Jerusalem, while his father led the Seventh Crusade. Back in France, he lived in Paris until 1269 when his father gave him in appanage the County of Alençon. He accompanied his father to Tunis during Eighth Crusade (1270), but this expedition was a fiasco, because of the dysentery epidemic that decimated the army of crusaders. His father and his brother Jean Tristan succumbed to the disease.
In December 1282, during the Sicilian Vespers, Peter marched his army to Naples to assist his uncle Charles I of Naples, stopping at Reggio Calabria. By January 1283, he was at Catona, a suburb of Reggio, when he was attacked by Aragonese mercenaries and killed. His body was taken to Paris, where he was buried, with his heart interred at the now-demolished church of the Couvent des Jacobins. After his death without surviving son, his portion of Alençon returned to the Crown. His widow did not remarry and sold Chartres in 1286 to King Philip IV the Fair. On her death Guise and Blois passed to her cousin Hugh of the House of Châtillon.
- Louis (1276-77)
- Philip (1278–79)
|Ancestors of Peter I, Count of Alençon|
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- Runciman, Steven (2000). The Sicilian Vespers: A History of the Mediterranean World in the Later Thirteenth-Century (5th ed.). Cambridge University Press.CS1 maint: ref=harv (link)
- Strayer, Joseph R. (1980). The Reign of Philip the Fair. Princeton University Press.CS1 maint: ref=harv (link)
- Wood, Charles T. (1966). The French Apanages and the Capetian Monarchy, 1224-1328. Harvard University Press.CS1 maint: ref=harv (link)