Peter Benjamin Golden (born 1941) is an American historian who is Professor Emeritus of History, Turkish and Middle Eastern Studies at Rutgers University. He has written many books and articles on Turkic and Central Asian Studies, such as An introduction to the history of the Turkic peoples.
Golden grew up in New York and attended Music & Art High School. He graduated from CUNY Queens College in 1963, before obtaining his M.A. and PhD in History from Columbia University in 1968 and 1970, respectively. Golden also studied at the Dil ve Tarih – Coğrafya Fakültesi (School of Language and History – Geography) in Ankara (1967–1968). He taught at Rutgers University from 1969 until his retirement in 2012. He was Director of the Middle Eastern Studies Program (2008–2011) at Rutgers. He is an honorary member of the Türk Dil Kurumu and Kőrösi Csoma Society of Hungarian Orientalists and was a member of the School of Historical Studies at the Institute for Advanced Study (Princeton) 2005–2006. In 2019, he was elected a Honorary Member of the Hungarian Academy of Sciences.
- (1980) Khazar studies: An Historico-philological Inquiry into the Origins of the Khazars, Budapest: Akadémiai Kiadó
- (1992) An introduction to the history of the Turkic peoples: Ethnogenesis and state-formation in medieval and early modern Eurasia and the Middle East, Wiesbaden: Harrassowitz Verlag.
- (1998) Nomads and sedentary societies in medieval Eurasia, Washington, D. C.: American Historical Association.
- (2000) The King's Dictionary. The Rasulid Hexaglot: Fourteenth Century Vocabularies in Arabic, Persian, Turkic, Greek, Armenian and Mongol, Leiden: Brill Publishers. (Book, Edited, Vol. 4 in the series Handbuch der Orientalistik, 8. Abteilung Zentralasien)
- (2003) Nomads and their Neighbours in the Russian Steppe. Turks, Khazars and Qipchaqs, Aldershot, UK: Ashgate Publishing.
- (2007) The World of the Khazars: New Perspectives, co-edited with H. Ben-Shammai and A. Róna-Tas. Leiden: Brill Publishers.
- (2009) The Cambridge History of Inner Asia: The Chinggisid Age, co-edited with N. Di Cosmo, A.J. Frank, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
- (2010) Turks and Khazars: Origins, Institutions, and Interactions in Pre-Mongol Eurasia, Aldershot, UK: Ashgate Publishing.
- (2011) Studies on the Peoples and Cultures of the Eurasian Steppes, Bucharest–Brăila: Editura Academiei Române – Muzeul Brăilei Editura Istros
- (2011) Central Asia in World History, Oxford-New York: Oxford University Press.
- Atwood, Christopher P. "Osman Karatay and István Zimonyi, eds., Central Eurasia in the Middle Ages: Studies in Honor of Peter B. Golden. (Turcologia 104.)". Speculum. 92 (3).
- Shatzmiller, Joseph. "Khazar Studies: An Historico-Philological Inquiry into the Origins of the Khazars, by Peter B. Golden". Canadian Journal of History. 19 (1): 101–103. doi:10.3138/cjh.19.1.101.
- Sinor, Denis (1995). "Review". Journal of Asian History. 29 (1): 87–89. JSTOR 41930977.
- Strohmeyer, Virgil (2002). "Reviewed Work: The King's Dictionary: The Rasulid Hexaglot: Fourteenth Century Vocabularies in Arabic, Persian, Turkic, Greek, Armenian and Mongol by Tibor Halasi-Kun, Peter B. Golden, Louis Legeti, Edmond Schütz". Iran & the Caucasus. 6 (1/2): 273–275. JSTOR 4030727.
- Di Cosmo, Nicola (2004). "Reviewed Work: Nomads and Their Neighbours in the Russian Steppe by Peter B. Golden". Central Asiatic Journal. 48 (1): 142–144. JSTOR 41928346.
- Makó, Gergő (December 2009). "P. B. Golden, H. Ben-Shammai, A. Róna-Tas (eds): The World of the Khazars. New Perspectives Selected Papers from the Jerusalem 1999 International Khazar Colloquium hosted by the Ben Zvi Institute". Acta Orientalia Academiae Scientiarum Hungaricae. 62 (4): 469–473. JSTOR 23658992.
- Morgan, D. O. (2010). "Reviewed Work: The Cambridge History of Inner Asia. The Chinggisid Age by NICOLA DI COSMO, ALLEN J. FRANK, PETER GOLDEN". Bulletin of the School of Oriental and African Studies, University of London. 73 (2): 330–332. doi:10.1017/s0041977x10000236. JSTOR 25703038.
- Jackson, Peter (22 February 2012). "Peter B. Golden: Turks and Khazars: Origins, Institutions, and Interactions in Pre-Mongol Eurasia". Bulletin of the School of Oriental and African Studies. 75 (1): 189–190. doi:10.1017/S0041977X11001091.
- Jackson, Peter (2012). "Reviewed Work: Central Asia in World History. (The New Oxford World History.) by PETER B. GOLDEN". Bulletin of the School of Oriental and African Studies. 75 (1): 187–188. doi:10.1017/s0041977x1100108x. JSTOR 23258921.