Pessac (Occitan: Peçac) is a commune in the Gironde department in Nouvelle-Aquitaine in southwestern France. It is a member of the metropolis of Bordeaux, being the second-largest suburb of Bordeaux and located just southwest of it. Pessac is also home to the Montesquieu University, the Bordeaux Montaigne University, and the Institut d'études politiques de Bordeaux.

Pessac
Chateau Haut-Brion
Flag of Pessac
Flag
Coat of arms of Pessac
Coat of arms
Location of Pessac
Pessac is located in France
Pessac
Pessac
Pessac is located in Nouvelle-Aquitaine
Pessac
Pessac
Coordinates: 44°48′24″N 0°37′52″W / 44.8067°N 0.6311°W / 44.8067; -0.6311Coordinates: 44°48′24″N 0°37′52″W / 44.8067°N 0.6311°W / 44.8067; -0.6311
CountryFrance
RegionNouvelle-Aquitaine
DepartmentGironde
ArrondissementBordeaux
CantonPessac-1 and 2
IntercommunalityBordeaux
Government
 • Mayor (2014–2020) Franck Raynal
Area
1
38.82 km2 (14.99 sq mi)
Population
 (2017-01-01)[1]
63,808
 • Density1,600/km2 (4,300/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+01:00 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+02:00 (CEST)
INSEE/Postal code
33318 /33600
Elevation12–56 m (39–184 ft)
1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km2 (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.

GeographyEdit

Pessac is located in the south of the Bordeaux metro area and is surrounded by Bordeaux, Talence, Gradignan, Canéjan, Cestas, Saint-Jean-d'Illac and Mérignac.

The western part of the commune is part of the Landes de Bordeaux.



Mérignac,
St-Jean-d'Illac


Mérignac


Mérignac, Bordeaux

St-Jean-d'Illac

 

Talence

St-Jean-d'Illac, Cestas

Canéjan

Gradignan

HistoryEdit

Early in World War II (June 22 1940), the town was the scene of a quadruple execution on the firing range of Verthamon. Four communists militants, one of whom, Roger Rambaud, was not yet 17, were among the escapees from the military prison in Paris, were killed in the utmost secrecy by soldiers of the Third Republic. This case, classified "Secret Defense" for 70 years, has recently been revealed by the historian Jacky Tronel in the history magazine Arkheia.[2]

NeighborhoodsEdit

Neighborhoods of Pessac :[3]

  • Verthamon
  • Les échoppes
  • Brivazac - Candau
  • Noës
  • Pessac-bourg
  • Casino
  • Sardine
  • Chiquet
  • Compostelle - La Paillère
  • Le Monteil
  • CCLAPS - La Chataigneraie
  • Saige - Formanoir
  • 3 M (Macédo, Mirante, Monbalon)
  • France - L'Alouette
  • Cap de Bos
  • Magonty - Romainville
  • Toctoucau

HeritageEdit

WineriesEdit

Located on the Pessac-Léognan appellation, there are several wineries, including the oldest of the Bordeaux wine regions, château Haut-Brion.

Cité FrugèsEdit

Built by Le Corbusier in 1926, the district is an experimental housing for workers. This is one of the 17 architectural works of Le Corbusier listed as UNESCO heritage since 2016.[4]

Casino districtEdit

Quarter built in the 1900s with a resort city architecture.

OthersEdit

PopulationEdit

Historical population
YearPop.±%
17931,430—    
18001,336−6.6%
18061,414+5.8%
18211,349−4.6%
18311,502+11.3%
18361,341−10.7%
18411,708+27.4%
18461,785+4.5%
18512,094+17.3%
YearPop.±%
18562,334+11.5%
18612,537+8.7%
18662,676+5.5%
18724,743+77.2%
18763,103−34.6%
18813,227+4.0%
18863,759+16.5%
18913,944+4.9%
18964,411+11.8%
YearPop.±%
19014,239−3.9%
19064,612+8.8%
19115,234+13.5%
19216,691+27.8%
19268,268+23.6%
193110,706+29.5%
193613,004+21.5%
194617,769+36.6%
195419,226+8.2%
YearPop.±%
196224,281+26.3%
196836,986+52.3%
197551,360+38.9%
198250,267−2.1%
199051,055+1.6%
199956,143+10.0%
200857,632+2.7%
201661,859+7.3%

EducationEdit

9 Kindergartens

15 Grade schools

5 Middle schools

3 High schools

TransportationEdit

Pessac has a railway station on the westbound line from Bordeaux, Gare de Pessac. Pessac is also served by the urban transport network of the Bordeaux agglomeration, Transports Bordeaux Métropole (TBM).

Pessac is located on line B of the Tramway de Bordeaux.

PersonalitiesEdit

Twin towns - sister citiesEdit

Pessac is twinned with:[11]

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Populations légales 2017". INSEE. Retrieved 6 January 2020.
  2. ^ J. Tronel, Pessac : ces quatre fusillés dont on ne parle pas (Pessac: four shot which we do not speak) review Arkheia, n°22, (Montauban, France), 2010.
  3. ^ federation-quartiers-pessac.com Archived 2008-09-14 at the Wayback Machine
  4. ^ https://whc.unesco.org/fr/list/1321/
  5. ^ (site web) Archived 2007-03-19 at the Wayback Machine
  6. ^ (site web) Archived 2005-03-10 at the Wayback Machine
  7. ^ (site web) Archived 2005-03-10 at the Wayback Machine
  8. ^ (site web : http://www.h-hoster.com/jeanne/index.php)
  9. ^ (site web) Archived 2007-03-20 at the Wayback Machine
  10. ^ (site web) Archived 2007-03-19 at the Wayback Machine
  11. ^ "Villes Jumelles". jumelage-pessac.org (in French). Comité jumelage Pessac. Retrieved 16 November 2019.

External linksEdit