Pesnya goda

Pesnya goda (Russian: Песня года), meaning "Song of the Year", is an annual Russian music gala and former Soviet televised music festival. First held in 1971, it became the main event of the year for Soviet singers and musical groups. Pesnya goda is traditionally recorded in December and aired on television in early January, as part of the New Year's festivities. Up to 2004 Channel One Russia was the official TV broadcaster of the national finals ( former Programme One of Soviet Central Television with a break in 1992), today Russia 1 serves as the official TV partner since 2006.

Pesnya Goda
Current: 49th Annual Pesnya Goda Music Gala
Pesnya Goda Logo.jpg
LocationMoscow
CountryRussia
Reward(s)all laureates receive a diploma, the main category winner receives the Pesnya Goda award trophy
First awarded1971; 49 years ago (1971)
Television/radio coverage
NetworkChannel One Russia (1995–2004)
NTV (2005)
Russia-1 (2006–present)

HistoryEdit

In many ways, the history of "Pesnya goda" mirrored the history of the former Soviet Union. The songs selected for the initial festivals were strictly censored and required to be consistent with the social norms established by the Communist Party. The performers were all conservatory graduates in good standing with pristine reputations and conservative looks, the same case fell also for the VIAs whose songs were also featured. Over time as Soviet society became more liberal and in the 1980s during the era of perestroika, the festival began to include a broader range of musical styles, song lyrics, and performers. From 1971 and 1972 it had been aired in black and white and via videotape, starting 1973 the program has been prerecorded in color (and today taped in digital video and high definition).

In the 1990s, after the collapse of the Soviet Union, the "Pesnya goda" festival was reborn in 1993 and became part of the new society's New Year's tradition, providing an escape from the harsh socioeconomic realities of life in Russia in the 1990s. In the 2000s, the festival became a television extravaganza featuring the most commercially successful and popular artists of Russian pop and rock music.

All performers included in the televised final of the festival are considered "winners" and referred to as such in the media. The two performers that have received the most inclusions in Pesnya goda are Sofia Rotaru, who was in the festival each year from 1973 to 2012, except for 2002, and Lev Leshchenko who was in the festival each year from 1971 to 2012, except for 1989, 2005, and 2007. Other artists that have been perennial Pesnya goda winners include Iosif Kobzon, Valentina Tolkunova, Edita Piekha, Laima Vaikule, Igor Nikolayev, Irina Allegrova and Alla Pugacheva.

The best known hosts of the festival are Angelina Vovk and Evgueny Menishov, who hosted it from 1988 until 2006, Anna Shilova and Igor Kirillov, who hosted it from 1971 until 1975, and Svetlana Zhiltsova and Alexander Maslyakov, who hosted it from 1976 until 1979. The most recent hosts are Lera Kudryavtseva and Sergey Lazarev, who have been hosting it since 2007.

2019 marked an historic first for the event as the rap performance of Russian pop-singer Egor Kreed (with popular rapper Philip Kirkorov) made the first rap song to be featured in the festival.

2020 marked the 49th year since the festival was created.

Records and statisticsEdit

Appearances in finalsEdit

NO. Name Finals
1 Sophia Rotaru 43
1 Lev Leshchenko 43
2 Joseph Kobzon 39
3 Valentina Tolkunova 25
3 Laima Vaikule 25
3 Igor Nikolayev 25
3 Irina Allegrova 25
4 Edita Piekha 22
4 Larisa Dolina 22
4 Anzhelika Varum 22
4 Leonid Agutin 22
5 Alexander Serov 21
5 Valery Meladze 21
6 Vyacheslav Dobrynin 20
6 Alla Pugacheva 20
6 Oleg Gazmanov 20
7 Alexander Buinov 19
8 Kristina Orbakaitė 18
9 Dmitry Malikov 16
9 Alsou 16
9 Natasha Koroleva 16
10 Valeriya 15
10 Nikolay Baskov 15
11 Nadezhda Babkina 14
11 A-Studio 14
12 Jasmin 13
13 Muslim Magomayev 12
13 Big Children's Choir 12
13 Lyube 12
13 Tatiana Ovsyenko 12

ReferencesEdit

See alsoEdit

  • Red stars : Personality and the Soviet Popular Song, 1955-1991 author: David MacFadyen, editor: Montreal : McGill-Queen's University Press, ©2001.

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

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