Peruvian Communist Party (Marxist–Leninist)

The Peruvian Communist Party (Marxist–Leninist) (Spanish: Partido Comunista Peruano (Marxista–Leninista)) is a communist party in Peru. It was founded in January 1964 following a split in the Peruvian Communist Party (PCP), and was originally known as the Peruvian Communist Party – Red Flag (Partido Comunista Peruano – Bandera Roja).

Peruvian Communist Party (Marxist–Leninist)
Partido Comunista Peruano (Marxista–Leninista
FoundedJanuary 1964 (1964-01)
Split fromPCP
NewspaperBandera Roja
Political positionLeft-wing to far-left
National affiliation
International affiliationICMLPO


The Sino-Soviet split separated the Peruvian Communist Party into two rival factions, one pro-Soviet and the other pro-Chinese. The latter subsequently split from the Peruvian Communist Party in January 1964 and adopted the name "Peruvian Communist Party – Red Flag".[1] The party was originally led by Saturnino Paredes, José Sotomayor, and Abimael Guzmán.[2][3] Due to internal disagreements among the party's three leaders, the party expelled several of its members in its early history. Two parties subsequently emerged from a 1969 split in the party: the Communist Party of Peru – Red Fatherland and the Communist Party of Peru – Shining Path led by Guzmán.[citation needed] Afterwards, Paredes became the party's sole leader and renamed the party "Peruvian Communist Party (Marxist–Leninist)".[citation needed] In response to the Sino-Albanian split, the party dropped its commitment to Maoism and aligned itself with the Party of Labour of Albania and Hoxhaism.[citation needed]

The party participated in the 1978 Constituent Assembly election on the list of FOCEP.[4] FOCEP won 12 of the 100 seats.[5]

In July 2019, the Communist Party of Peru (Marxist–Leninist) participated in the Meeting of Marxist–Leninist Parties and Organizations of Latin America and the Caribbean, hosted by the International Conference of Marxist–Leninist Parties and Organizations (ICMLPO). The party signed the subsequent political declaration made by the participating organizations.[6]



  1. ^ Fumerton 2003, p. 37.
  2. ^ Alexander 1999, p. 156.
  3. ^ Mauceri 1996, p. 120.
  4. ^ Delury 1983, p. 817.
  5. ^ Nohlen 2005, p. 454.
  6. ^ "Political Declaration of the Marxist-Leninist Parties and Organizations of Latin America and the Caribbean". International Conference of Marxist–Leninist Parties and Organizations.


  • Alexander, Robert J. (1999). International Maoism in the Developing World. Westport, Conn.: Praeger. ISBN 0275961494.
  • Delury, George E. (1983). World Encyclopedia of Political Systems & Parties: Nepal-Zimbabwe, and smaller countries and microstates. New York, N.Y.: Facts on File. ISBN 0871967804.
  • Fumerton, Mario (2003). From Victims to Heroes: Peasant Counter-rebellion and Civil War in Ayacucho, Peru, 1980–2000. Amsterdam: Rozenberg. ISBN 9051706588.
  • Mauceri, Philip (1996). State Under Siege: Development And Policy Making In Peru. Boulder, Colo.: Westview Press. ISBN 0813336074.
  • Nohlen, Dieter (2005). Elections in the Americas: A data handbook. Vol. 2. New York. ISBN 978-0-19-928358-3.

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