Perth Town Hall

The Perth Town Hall, situated on the corner of Hay and Barrack streets in Perth, Western Australia, is the only town hall built by convicts in Australia. Upon completion it was the tallest structure in Perth.

Perth Town Hall
Perth Town Hall - Perth.jpg
General information
TypeTown hall
Architectural styleVictorian Free Gothic
LocationCorner of Hay Street and Barrack Street
Town or cityPerth
Coordinates31°57′18″S 115°51′38″E / 31.955°S 115.860556°E / -31.955; 115.860556Coordinates: 31°57′18″S 115°51′38″E / 31.955°S 115.860556°E / -31.955; 115.860556
Current tenantsCity of Perth
Groundbreaking24 May 1867
Completed1870
OwnerCity of Perth
Design and construction
ArchitectRichard Roach Jewell & James Manning
TypeState Registered Place
Designated23 May 1995
Reference no.1953

HistoryEdit

 
Perth Town Hall August 1929

Designed by Richard Roach Jewell and James Manning in the Victorian Free Gothic style, the hall was built by convicts and free men between 1867 and 1870. Its decorations contain a number of convict motifs, including windows in the shape of the broad arrow, and decorations in the shape of a hangman's rope.

 
Looking up the jarrah staircase; photographs on the wall are of each Lord Mayor of Perth, starting with George Shenton

The foundation stone for Perth Town Hall was laid on 24 May 1867 by Governor Hampton in a ceremony involving a lot of pomp and parade. However, there were torrential downpours. The ceremony went on anyway with an official procession from Government House and a mock battle performed by the Volunteer Regiments, Enrolled Forces of Pensioners, and the WA Country Regiment.

 
Hay St. by Albert Henry Fullwood c. 1911

In the 1929 centenary of Western Australia one of the events in the city of Perth was the placing of a commemorative plaque in the northwest corner of the building by the Governor Sir William Campion.

For many decades in the 20th century, shops were built into the sides of the ground floor, and the public lavatories accessible from Barrack Street were the only ones available for some distance. The shops included a pharmacy, bank, lunch bar and other shops. All these businesses and the attendant structures were removed prior to the renovation of the hall.

At the time of its centenary in 1970,[1] the ground floor was still full of commercial businesses.

The Town Hall was restored in the late 1990s at the base in an award-winning restoration to repair the interior of the hall and the gothic arches at its base, which were "modernised" in the middle of the 20th century.

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Phelps, Delys (1969) 100 years : a history of the Perth Town Hall originally printed in the Royal Western Australian Historical Society's Journal. - reprinted by the Perth city council in 1970

External linksEdit

  • Town Hall fact page, City of Perth
  • Pre-1910 photo showing original arches
  • "Place ID 10331". Australian Heritage Database. Department of the Environment. (including 1980s photo showing 20th century alterations)