Perth (UK Parliament constituency)
Perth was a constituency of the House of Commons of the Parliament of the United Kingdom from 1832 to 1918, 1918 to 1950, and 1997 to 2005. From 1832 to 1918 it was a burgh constituency. From 1918 to 1950, and 1997 to 2005, it was a county constituency. During each of the three periods it elected one Member of Parliament (MP).
|Former County constituency|
for the House of Commons
Boundary of Perth in Scotland for the 2001 general election.
|Subdivisions of Scotland||Perth and Kinross|
|Number of members||One|
|Replaced by||Ochil & South Perthshire|
Perth & North Perthshire
|Created from||Perth and Kinross|
|Number of members||One|
|Type of constituency||County constituency|
|Replaced by||Perth and East Perthshire|
|Number of members||One|
|Type of constituency||Burgh constituency|
Boundaries 1832 to 1918Edit
As created by the Representation of the People (Scotland) Act 1832, and first used in the 1832 general election, the constituency included the burgh of Perth and was one of two constituencies covering the county of Perth. The other was the Perthshire constituency (except that five detached parishes of the county were within the Clackmannanshire and Kinross-shire constituency).
The boundaries of the constituency, as set out in the Representation of the People (Scotland) Act 1832, were-
- "From the North-western Corner of the North Inch, on the Right Bank of the River Tay, in a straight Line to the Bridge on the Mill Lead at the Boot of Balhousie; thence in a straight Line to the Bridge on the Glasgow Road over the Scouring Burn; thence in a straight Line to the Southern Corner of the Water Reservoir of the Dept; thence in a straight Line to the Southern Corner of the Friarton Pier on the River Tay; thence across the River Tay (passing to the South of the Friarton Island) to the Point at which the same is met by the Boundary of the respective Parishes of Kinfauns and Kinnoul; thence, Northward, along the Boundary of the Parish of Kinfauns to the Point at which the several Boundaries of the Properties of Kinfauns, Kinnoul, and Barnhill meet; thence in a straight Line to the North-eastern Corner of Lord Kinnoul's Lodge, at the Gate of Approach to Kinnoul Hill; thence in a straight Line to the North-eastern Corner of the Enclosure of the Lunatic Asylum; thence in a straight Line to the Point at which the Annatty Burn crosses the Blairgowrie Road; thence down the Annatty Burn to the Point at which the same joins the River Tay; thence in a straight Line to the Point first described."
Prior to the 1832 general election, the county (including the detached parishes) had been covered by the Perthshire constituency and Perth Burghs. Perth Burghs consisted of the burgh of Perth and burghs in the county of Fife and the county of Forfar.
The Redistribution of Seats Act 1885 divided the Perthshire constituency to create Eastern Perthshire and Western Perthshire. There was no change to the boundaries of the Perth constituency. Therefore, the 1832 boundaries of the Perth constituency were used again in the general elections of 1885, 1886, 1892, 1895, 1900, 1906, January 1910 and December 1910.
Boundaries 1918 to 1950Edit
By 1918 county boundaries had been redefined under the Local Government (Scotland) Act 1889 and, in creating new constituency boundaries, the Representation of the People Act 1918 took account of new local government boundaries. The Perth constituency became one of two county constituencies covering the county of Perth and the county of Kinross, and was first used as such in the 1918 general election. The other constituency was Kinross and West Perthshire.
The Perth constituency was defined as consisting of the burghs of Abernethy, Alyth, Blairgowrie, Coupar Angus, Perth, and Rattray in the county of Perth and the Blairgowrie and Perth districts of the county, and the same boundaries were used for the general elections of 1922, 1923, 1924, 1929, 1931, 1935 and 1945.
For the 1950 general election the constituency was replaced by the Perth and East Perthshire constituency, which was defined by the House of Commons (Redistribution of Seats) Act 1949 to have exactly the same boundaries as the former Perth constituency.
1997 to 2005Edit
For the 1997 general election Perth was recreated, and was a constituency entirely within the Perth and Kinross council area, which had been established the year before, under the Local Government etc (Scotland) Act 1994. The council area was otherwise covered by North Tayside to the north, which also covered part of the Angus council area, Angus to the east, which also covered part of the Angus council area and part of the Dundee City council area, and Ochil to the south, which also covered the Clackmannanshire council area and part of the Stirling council area.
The same boundaries were used for the 2001 general election.
For the 2005 general election, the Perth constituency was largely replaced by Ochil and South Perthshire, covering the Clackmannanshire council area and a southern portion of the Perth and Kinross council area. Perth and North Perthshire was created to cover the rest of the Perth and Kinross council area.
Members of ParliamentEdit
|1918||William Young||Coalition Liberal||Previously MP for East Perthshire|
|1923||Robert Macgregor Mitchell||Liberal|
|1924||Noel Skelton||Unionist||From 1931, MP for the Combined Scottish Universities|
|1931||Mungo Murray||Unionist||Later 7th Earl of Mansfield and Mansfield|
|1935 by-election||Francis Norie-Miller||National Liberal|
|1935||Sir Thomas Hunter||Unionist|
|1945||Alan Gomme-Duncan||Unionist||Subsequently, MP for Perth and East Perthshire|
|1997||Roseanna Cunningham||Scottish National Party||previously MP for Perth and Kinross|
|2001||Annabelle Ewing||Scottish National Party||daughter of Winnie Ewing|
1832 to 1918Edit
This section needs expansion. You can help by adding to it. (June 2008)
|Conservative||William Fechney Black||227||38.9|
Maule was appointed Secretary at War, requiring a by-election.
Maule was appointed President of the Board of Control, requiring a by-election.
Maule succeeded to the peerage, becoming Lord Panmure and causing a by-election.
Kinnaird succeeded to the peerage, becoming Lord Kinnaird.
|Liberal||Charles Stuart Parker||2,206||72.1||+8.4|
|Liberal||Charles Stuart Parker||2,315||74.9||+11.2|
|Conservative||David Robertson Williamson||774||25.1||−11.2|
|Independent Liberal||Charles Stuart Parker||1,652||44.4||N/A|
|Liberal||Alexander Macdougall junior||967||26.0||−48.9|
|Independent Liberal gain from Liberal||Swing||N/A|
|Liberal||Charles Stuart Parker||1,573||58.4||+32.4|
|Liberal Unionist||William Fowler||1,120||41.6||+12.0|
|Liberal gain from Independent Liberal||Swing||N/A|
|Liberal||Charles Stuart Parker||1,171||33.7||−24.7|
|Perth Liberal and Radical Association||James Woollen||907||26.1||N/A|
|Conservative gain from Liberal||Swing||+11.7|
|Liberal gain from Conservative||Swing||+8.1|
1918 to 1950Edit
|C indicates candidate endorsed by the coalition government.|
|National Liberal||William Robert Gourlay||2,689||10.9||N/A|
|Unionist gain from Liberal||Swing||N/A|
|Liberal||Robert MacGregor Mitchell||12,655||53.2||+29.3|
|Liberal gain from Unionist||Swing||+14.4|
|Liberal||Robert MacGregor Mitchell||7,998||30.4||−22.8|
|Unionist gain from Liberal||Swing||+12.7|
|Labour||Helen E Gault||8,291||23.5||+3.3|
|Labour||Helen E Gault||3,705||9.7|
|Liberal National||Francis Norie-Miller||17,516||68.7|
|Liberal National gain from Unionist||Swing|
|Unionist gain from Liberal National||Swing|
|SNP||James Blair Brown||1,547||4.3||n/a|
1997 to 2005Edit
|Liberal Democrat||Chic Brodie||3,583||8.0|
|SNP win (new seat)|
|Liberal Democrat||Vicki Harris||4,853||12.8||+4.8|
|Scottish Socialist||Frank Byrne||899||2.4||N/A|
Notes and referencesEdit
- Boundaries of Parliamentary Constituencies 1885-1972 (ISBN 0-900178-09-4), F. W. S. Craig 1972
- Representation of the People (Scotland) Act 1832, Schedule (M).
- Local Government etc (Scotland) Act 1994, Office of Public Sector Information website
- 5th Periodical Report, Boundary Commission for Scotland website Archived 21 September 2007 at the Wayback Machine, retrieved 10 August 2007
- Leigh Rayment's Historical List of MPs – Constituencies beginning with "P" (part 1)
- Craig, FWS (1989) . British parliamentary election results 1832–1885 (2nd ed.). Chichester: Parliamentary Research Services. pp. 558–559. ISBN 0-900178-26-4.
- Craig, FWS (1989) . British parliamentary election results 1885–1918 (2nd ed.). Chichester: Parliamentary Research Services. p. 518. ISBN 0-900178-27-2.
- Smith, Henry Stooks (1842). The Register of Parliamentary Contested Elections (Second ed.). Simpkin, Marshall & Company. p. 209. Retrieved 3 September 2018 – via Google Books.
- Churton, Edward (1838). The Assembled Commons or Parliamentary Biographer: 1838. p. 137. Retrieved 3 September 2018 – via Google Books.
- Crosby, Travis L. (1997). The Two Mr. Gladstones: A Study in Psychology and History. New Haven: Yale University Press. p. 163. ISBN 0-300-06827-1. Retrieved 3 September 2018 – via Google Books.
- "Perthshire Courier". 3 August 1837. p. 3. Retrieved 3 September 2018 – via British Newspaper Archive.
- "Perth City Election". The Pilot. 21 August 1839. p. 2. Retrieved 17 August 2019 – via British Newspaper Archive.
- "Carlisle Patriot". 24 August 1839. p. 3. Retrieved 17 August 2019 – via British Newspaper Archive.
- "The Late Whig Election Dinner". Perthshire Courier. 22 July 1841. p. 3. Retrieved 3 September 2018 – via British Newspaper Archive.
- "Perthshire Courier". 24 June 1841. p. 3. Retrieved 3 September 2018 – via British Newspaper Archive.
- Beckett, Ian F. W.; Gooch, John, eds. (1981). Politicians and defence: Studies in the Formulation of British Defence Policy. Manchester: Manchester University Press. p. 178. ISBN 0-7190-0818-2. Retrieved 3 September 2018 – via Google Books.
- Waugh, Alexander Sandy (Autumn 2009). "United Kingdom general election, 1841" (PDF). Journal of Liberal History. 64: 43. Retrieved 3 September 2018.
- Craig, FWS (1983) . British parliamentary election results 1918–1949 (3rd ed.). Chichester: Parliamentary Research Services. p. 643. ISBN 0-900178-06-X.
- Craig, F. W. S., ed. (1977). British Parliamentary Election Results 1832-1885 (e-book) (1st ed.). London: Macmillan Press. ISBN 978-1-349-02349-3.
- "City of Perth". Inverness Courier. 7 July 1841. p. 2. Retrieved 17 August 2019 – via British Newspaper Archive.
- Debrett's House of Commons, 1870
- "Representation of Perth". Dundee Courier. 31 January 1874. p. 3. Retrieved 15 January 2018 – via British Newspaper Archive.
- "The Representation of Perth: The Candidature of Mr Alexander Mackie". Dundee Courier. 14 January 1878. p. 7. Retrieved 15 January 2018 – via British Newspaper Archive.
- "Nominations". Dundee Courier. 2 April 1880. p. 6. Retrieved 9 December 2017 – via British Newspaper Archive.
- Debrett's House of Commons and Judicial Bench 1889
- Craig, FWS, ed. (1974). British Parliamentary Election Results: 1885-1918. London: Macmillan Press. ISBN 9781349022984.
- Whitaker's Almanack 1893
- Debrett's House of Commons and the Judicial Bench, 1901
- Whitaker's Almanack 1907
- Debrett's House of Commons and Judicial Bench 1916
- Whitaker's Almanack 1920
- The Times, 17 November 1922
- British Parliamentary Election Results 1918-1949, FWS Craig
- The Times, 8 December 1923
- Oliver & Boyd's Edinburgh Almanac, 1927
- Whitaker's Almanack, 1934
- The Times, 18 April 1935
- Whitaker's Almanack, 1939
- "Election Data 1997". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 28 June 2017.
- VOTE 2001, BBC
- "Election Data 2001". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 28 June 2017.