Personal life of Clint Eastwood

Clint Eastwood has had numerous casual and serious relationships of varying length and intensity over his life, many of which overlapped. He has eight known children by six women,[1] only half of whom were contemporaneously acknowledged. Eastwood refuses to confirm his exact number of offspring,[2] and there have been wide discrepancies in the media regarding the number. His biographer, Patrick McGilligan, has stated on camera that Eastwood's total number of children is undetermined and that "one was when he was still in high school."[3]

Eastwood's first marriage was to manufacturing secretary-turned-fitness instructor Margaret Neville Johnson in December 1953, having met her on a blind date the previous May. During the courtship, he had an affair that resulted in his daughter Laurie (born 1954), who was adopted by Clyde and Helen Warren of Seattle. While the identity of Laurie's biological mother is not public record, McGilligan said the mother belonged to a theatre group Eastwood participated in. Eastwood continued having affairs while married to Johnson, including a 1959 to 1973 liaison with stuntwoman Roxanne Tunis that produced a daughter, Kimber (born 1964). Tunis and Eastwood would keep up a "healthy relationship" until her death in 2023.[4]

Johnson tolerated the open marriage with Eastwood, and eventually they had two children, Kyle (born 1968) and Alison (born 1972). In 1975, Eastwood and married actress-director Sondra Locke began living together; she had been in a marriage of convenience since 1967 with Gordon Leigh Anderson, an unemployed homosexual. Locke claimed that Eastwood sang "She made me monogamous" to her and confided he had "never been in love before."[5] Nine years into their cohabitation, Eastwood officially divorced Johnson; Locke, however, would remain married to Anderson until her death in 2018.

In an unpublicized affair, Eastwood sired two legally fatherless children, Scott (born 1986) and Kathryn (born 1988) with Jacelyn Reeves, a flight attendant. When Locke and Eastwood separated in 1989, Locke filed a palimony lawsuit and later sued for fraud, reaching a settlement in both cases.

During the early-to-mid-1990s, Eastwood had a relationship with actress Frances Fisher that produced a daughter, Francesca (born 1993). Eastwood was married for the second time in 1996 to news anchor Dina Ruiz, who gave birth to their daughter Morgan that same year. Ruiz and Eastwood's marriage lasted until 2014. He has been seen with other women since then.

In a 2013 statement to People, Eastwood's longtime manager, Leonard Hirshan, professed to have no knowledge of his client's personal life.[6]

Early sexual relationships

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During an interview for his sole authorized biography, Eastwood told film historian Richard Schickel that he lost his virginity to a neighbor when he was 14 years old.[7] At age 19, Eastwood dated a schoolteacher in her 20s who stalked him and threatened to commit suicide after he broke up with her.[8] Reflecting upon this relationship, Eastwood told Us Weekly in 1987: "There was just a little misinterpretation about how serious the whole thing was."[9]

Eastwood acknowledged to Schickel that his conquests during these years were "numerous,"[10] though none are named in the book.

Marriage to Margaret Johnson

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First extramarital affairs and daughter placed for adoption

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In early spring 1953,[11] Eastwood met Margaret Neville "Maggie" Johnson, a secretary for auto-parts suppliers Industria Americana, on a blind date in the San Francisco area.[12][13]: 19 [14] Johnson was scheduled to graduate from U.C. Berkeley that June. In the meantime, Eastwood left for Seattle, where "to please a girl he dug, he joined a Little Theatre group."[15] According to biographer Patrick McGilligan, the unnamed young woman became pregnant by Eastwood and placed their child, a girl, for adoption.[16] Daughter Laurie Murray (a.k.a. Laurie Alison Warren;[17] born February 11, 1954)[18] was adopted by Clyde Elwin Warren and the former Helen I. Smith.[17][19][20] Her existence went entirely unremarked in the press until 2018, when she was publicly acknowledged as Eastwood's child for the first time at age 64.[21][22][a] According to her son Lowell Thomas Murray IV, Laurie's biological mother—whose identity is not publicly known[24]—"never told Eastwood she was pregnant or spoke to him again.”[25] On the contrary, McGilligan said that Eastwood had discussed the woman's pregnancy with family and friends, then "handed money over to the woman and left for L.A."[26]

Meanwhile, Johnson announced her engagement to Eastwood in October 1953.[27] They married on December 19 in Pasadena, less than eight weeks before his unidentified Seattle girlfriend gave birth to Laurie.[14] Laurie would go on to work as an elementary grade school teacher in South Kitsap School District.[17]

Eastwood's inexplicable marriage to Johnson had further problems. Schickel wrote, "He thought they were too young, not well enough established."[28] Actress Mamie Van Doren later reported she had an affair with Eastwood while working on the film Star in the Dust in 1955.[29] She starred and he played an uncredited bit role.[30]

Relationship with Roxanne Tunis

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Roxanne Tunis
 
Roxanne Tunis in 1949
Born
Rose Ann Tunis

(1930-04-13)April 13, 1930
DiedJune 23, 2023(2023-06-23) (aged 93)
Occupations
  • Dancer
  • stuntwoman
  • nutritionist
  • meditation instructor
Spouse
Jack Watson Scheck Jr.
(m. 1956; div. 1984)
Parents
  • Pietro Trunzo
  • Theresa Costa
Relatives3 brothers and 6 sisters
1 daughter and grandson
2 great-grandchildren

In 1959 during the second season of Rawhide, Eastwood began a long-lasting affair (reportedly 14 years)[31] with dancer and stuntwoman Roxanne Tunis. She was also married yet separated.[b] Their relationship resulted in Eastwood's earliest legal child, daughter Kimber Eastwood (born Kimber Tunis; June 17, 1964).[34][35] Kimber's existence was kept secret from the public until July 1989, when the National Enquirer revealed her identity.[36] Her birth certificate does list Eastwood as the father, however.[34]

Biographer Marc Eliot wrote that Eastwood's wife Johnson may not have known about the baby at the time: "It is difficult to say for sure that she actually knew about the baby, although it would have been nearly impossible for her not to. Everyone on the set knew ... and it is simply too difficult to keep a secret like that when the mother and the illegitimate child live in the same small town, especially when that small town is Hollywood."[37] The source for the 1989 Enquirer article that originally broke the story claimed Johnson was aware of Kimber's existence at all times and even met Roxanne Tunis in person when making an unannounced visit to the set of Breezy in 1972.[38] Actress Barbara Eden, a onetime Rawhide guest star and witness to the affair with Tunis, said Eastwood and Johnson "...conducted a somewhat open marriage."[39] Eastwood hinted as much in a 1971 interview, telling reporter Tim Chadwick: "We don't believe in togetherness."[40]

In 1992, Johnson granted a rare interview with biographer Douglas Thompson, talking generally about her ex-husband and his career, but had no comment when asked about Tunis.[41] Neither Tunis nor any of her nine siblings have ever spoken to the media. However, sources close to the Tunis family agreed to be interviewed anonymously for McGilligan's book in the late 1990s. According to them, "Clint wanted to have a baby with his mistress ... When she became pregnant, Clint was ecstatic."[34] This directly contradicts the earlier Schickel biography of 1996, which spun the tale that Eastwood didn't even realize Tunis was pregnant until after Kimber had been born.[34]

For her part, Kimber has answered media inquiries with candor. In 1989, amid revelations of her existence, she told the Sunday Mirror: "Yes, Clint Eastwood is my father. I must speak to him about this. I am partly shocked and partly glad it is all out in the open."[42] In 1990, she told the Manchester Evening News: "I'm cut off completely. He's furious with me. He's disowned me and his grandson."[43] Later that year, Eastwood refused to attend his daughter's wedding to Doug McCartney.[44] Throughout the tabloid hubbub he maintained complete silence; as a result, major publications like People magazine still denied Kimber's existence as late as 1993.[45]

Roxanne Tunis died after a brief illness on June 23, 2023, at the age of 93.[46] Eastwood was devastated by the loss, their daughter reported.[47] Tunis has been described posthumously as "one of Clint’s true loves."[48]

Other affairs and reconciliation

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Ria Brown, the biographer of competitive swimmer Anita Lhoest, claims Lhoest terminated a pregnancy by Eastwood without consulting him at one point during their late 1950s to early 1960s affair.[49][50] Restaurant critic Gael Greene described an affair with Eastwood that started when she was assigned to interview him on the set of 1970's Two Mules for Sister Sara.[51] A fling with French model Cathy Reghin around the same time was one of his few extramarital involvements to receive press coverage of any kind during the fact. Another French model, Danielle Cotet, claimed a two-year relationship with Eastwood and got a walk-on role in Paint Your Wagon,[52] unbeknownst to the film's lead actress Jean Seberg, with whom Eastwood began an on-set affair that lasted about five months.[53] According to McGilligan, Eastwood had many other affairs, including with co-stars Inger Stevens[54] (Hang 'Em High) and Jo Ann Harris[55] (The Beguiled), as well as actresses Jill Banner,[56] Catherine Deneuve[57] and Susan St. James,[58] columnist Bridget Byrne,[59] socialite Joan Lundberg Hitchcock[60] and singer Keely Smith[61] while married to Johnson, who, after a trial separation and a lingering bout of hepatitis during the mid-1960s, expressed desire to reconcile and start a family.[59] They had two children together: Kyle Eastwood (born May 19, 1968) and Alison Eastwood (born May 22, 1972).[62]

Relationship with Sondra Locke

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In 1972, Eastwood met married actress (later director) Sondra Locke at a meeting set up by mutual friend Jo Heims on the Universal Studios Lot.[63] Her lifestyle was congruent to his, as she had married for societal purposes while conducting a succession of affairs that were withheld from public view.[64] The two began living together during the production of The Outlaw Josey Wales in Page, Arizona, in October 1975,[65] by which time, according to Locke, "He had told me that there was no real relationship left between him and Maggie."[66] Locke wrote in her autobiography, "Clint seemed astonished at his need for me, even admitting that he'd never been faithful to one woman — because he'd 'never been in love before,' he confided. He even made up a song about it: 'She made me monogamous'. That flattered and delighted me. I would never doubt his faithfulness and his love for me."[66]

 
With Locke in The Gauntlet (1977)

After Josey wrapped, Locke moved into the Sherman Oaks house Eastwood had once shared with Johnson (who by then lived full-time in Pebble Beach),[67] but felt uncomfortable there because "psychologically, it would always be Maggie's."[66] "Finally I told Clint that I couldn't live there any longer," wrote Locke.[66] The couple moved to Bel-Air in a fixer-upper that took three years to renovate.[68] In the interim they shuttled between homes in Tiburon, California and Sun Valley, Idaho, as well as the Rising River Ranch which Eastwood bought from Bing Crosby's estate.[66][69] Locke had two abortions and then a tubal ligation during the late 1970s.[66] She was quite reluctant to have the second abortion. She later said, "I couldn't help but think that that baby, with both Clint's and my best qualities, would be extraordinary."[66] Johnson made no secret of her dislike for Locke, even though the two women never met. "Maggie placed severe rules on my relationship with the kids. Apparently, she never forgave me. [...] After she learned that Clint had taken me onto her property to show me a baby deer that had just been born there, she laid down a rule that I was never to be allowed there again. I was not even allowed to phone the Pebble Beach house."[66]

Divorce from Johnson

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In late 1978, Johnson retained an attorney to file for legal separation from Eastwood.[67] Earlier that year she had finally accepted the fact that Locke "was not like any of his affairs of their past."[66] Divorce papers, however, would not be filed until May 18, 1984.[70] The divorce was finalized on November 19,[71] with Johnson receiving a straight cash payment reported to be between $25 and $30 million.[72]

For her part, Locke never divorced Gordon Anderson, her lawful husband since 1967.[73][74] Anderson, a sculptor and former stage actor, was gay and resided with his younger boyfriend John McKee in a West Hollywood home purchased by Eastwood.[35] The Locke/Anderson union had always been a marriage of convenience only and was never consummated, according to court testimony.[75][76] Locke said of the unorthodox arrangement: "I truly believed that Clint and I did not need papers to validate the commitments we had made to each other."[66]

I believe Clint knows who he is; he just doesn’t like who he is. I do believe that Clint loved me as much as he is capable of love, and in the first eight or so years together he really wanted to be the man he knew I saw in him. I think he tried very hard, but eventually one’s nature cannot change.

—Sondra Locke on Eastwood (2013)[77]

Eastwood and Locke reteamed onscreen for The Gauntlet, Every Which Way but Loose, Bronco Billy, Any Which Way You Can and Sudden Impact. According to former longtime associate Fritz Manes, Eastwood was devoted to her between 1976 and 1980 at the least, but discreetly kept up several "maintenance relationships" (such as with Tunis)[78] during that period. "I marveled at it," Manes said. "It was absolute total, blind love."[78] According to Schickel, the relationship began to disintegrate when Locke chose to remain married to Anderson after Eastwood had divorced Johnson.[79] Locke said she would've been willing to divorce Anderson if Eastwood agreed to go to couples therapy with her, but he refused.[66]

Affairs with Jacelyn Reeves and others

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McGilligan claims Eastwood returned to his "habitual womanizing" in the early 1980s, becoming involved with story analyst Megan Rose,[78] actress Jamie Rose[80] (who played a bit part in Tightrope), animal rights activist Jane Brolin (who had intermittent liaisons with Eastwood between the early 1960s and late 1980s),[81] and Jacelyn Reeves, a stewardess he reputedly met at his restaurant in Carmel, The Hog's Breath Inn.[82]

Children with Reeves

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Eastwood was still cohabiting with Locke when he conceived two children with Reeves:[83] son Scott Eastwood (born Scott Reeves; March 21, 1986)[84][85] and daughter Kathryn Eastwood (born Kathryn Reeves; February 2, 1988).[86] The birth certificates for both children read "father declined."[87] Eastwood's affair with Reeves was not reported anywhere until an exposé article was published in the Star tabloid in 1990.[88][89] Reeves reportedly stated, "Some family members tell me to file a paternity suit against Clint, but I don't want to."[88] The children's existence continued to be ignored by mainstream news sources through the mid-2000s.[90]

Breakup with Locke

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Eastwood's relationship with Locke (at the time unaware of his infidelities, by her own account)[66] ended acrimoniously in April 1989, and the post-breakup litigation dragged on for a decade. Locke filed a palimony lawsuit against him after he changed the locks on their home and moved her possessions into storage when she was at work filming her second directorial feature, Impulse.[91] In court, Eastwood downplayed the intensity of their relationship. He described Locke as a "roommate" before quickly redescribing her as a "part-time roommate."[66][92] Bill Brown, publisher of the Carmel Pine Cone newspaper and a golfing pal of Eastwood's, said despite the public animosity, "Clint told me not too long ago that Sondra was the love of his life."[93] Locke's estranged half-brother Donald told The Tennessean that Eastwood still truly loved her, but could no longer take her "addiction" to husband Gordon Anderson.[93]

Anticipating that Eastwood was going to misrepresent the marriage, Locke asked Anderson to surrender all claims on any of her assets that as her legal spouse he was entitled to.[94] "In an extraordinary gesture of love and faith in me, Gordon signed away everything without hesitation."[66] During the proceedings, an investigative journalist contacted Locke and informed her of Eastwood's other family. "I spoke with the nurse in the delivery room, and she confirmed that they are Clint's children. I'll send copies of the birth certificates to you and a photo of Jacelyn, if you want them," Locke quoted the informant.[66] "My mind was still searching to get all his actions lined up. For at least the last four years, Clint had been living this double life, going between me and this other woman, and having children with her. Two babies had been born during the last three years of our relationship, and they weren't mine."[66]

As the case progressed, Locke developed breast cancer and said the treatments sapped her will to fight.[35] She dropped her suit in November 1990 in exchange for a settlement package that included a lump sum plus monthly payments from Eastwood and a $1.5 million directing deal at Warner Bros.,[95] but sued him again for fraud in 1995 when she became convinced the deal was a sham,[96][97] finally settling out of court in September 1996.[98][99]

Eastwood was listed as a material witness for Locke's separate pending action against Warner Bros., which alleged that the studio conspired with him to sabotage her directorial career, but in May 1999 that lawsuit too was settled, ending the legal saga.[100][101][102] Over the following years, Locke made discrediting comments about Eastwood.[77] She died in 2018, aged 74.[c] At the time of her death, Locke had been legally married to Anderson for 51 years, leaving an estate worth $20 million.[107][108]

Casual dating

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Immediately following his split from Locke, Eastwood dated Barbra Streisand.[109] Other female companions during 1989 included White Hunter, Black Heart co-star Marisa Berenson, Carmel mayor Jean Grace, actress Dani Crayne and model Barbara Minty, widow of Steve McQueen.[110]

Daughter with Frances Fisher

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Eastwood's next major relationship was with Frances Fisher, an actress he had met on the set of Pink Cadillac in October 1988.[111] The two quietly enjoyed a non-exclusive, intermittent affair for two years before going public with their romance in late 1990.[112] Fisher retrospectively said of dating Eastwood: "I simply felt that this was it, the big one. I had no idea that every woman he meets probably feels as I did."[113] They co-starred in Unforgiven, and had a daughter, Francesca Eastwood (born Francesca Fisher-Eastwood; August 7, 1993), on the anniversary of that film's release.[114] The birth of Francesca marked the first time Eastwood was present for one of his children's birth.[62] Nevertheless, he made Fisher keep her pregnancy a secret until her last trimester, reasoning, "I don't want that kinda thing taking attention away from my Oscar race!"[66]

Despite being legally free to wed, the couple did not marry. About a month before their daughter was born, according to McGilligan, Eastwood was confronted with the claims of a 39-year-old woman from Kent, Washington who had researched her adoption and ascertained that he was her biological father.[16] Eastwood has never responded to the story.[115] Another strain on the relationship came when Fisher found out—not through him—about yet another secret brood with Jacelyn Reeves.[35] Eastwood and Fisher ended their relationship in January 1995.[116]

In 2018, Francesca gave birth to a son named Titan Wraith.[117] While Eastwood is a grandfather several times over, Titan is his first grandchild whose birth was announced.

Marriage and divorce with Dina Ruiz

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With his former wife Dina in 2007

Before Fisher had moved out of Eastwood's home, he was reportedly already dating Dina Ruiz,[31] a television news anchor 35 years his junior whom he first met when she interviewed him in March 1993.[114][118] It is not clear when exactly the two started seeing each other romantically. Eastwood took Ruiz to two high-profile golf tournaments in February 1995 without ever announcing that he and Fisher had broken up.[119] Ruiz announced her engagement to Eastwood in January 1996.[120] They married on March 31, when Eastwood surprised her with a private ceremony at a home on the Shadow Creek Golf Course in Las Vegas.[121] The marriage was noted for the fact that it was only Eastwood's second legal union in spite of his many long-term romances over the decades. Eastwood said of his bride, "I'm proud to make this lady my wife. She's the one I've been waiting for."[122] Ruiz commented, "The fact that I'm only the second woman he has married really touches me."[123] The couple has one daughter, Morgan Eastwood (born December 12, 1996).[124]

Ruiz made cameos in two of Eastwood's films: Blood Work and True Crime (in which Fisher even appeared). In the summer of 2012, Dina, Morgan and Francesca starred with the band Overtone in a reality show for the E! network titled Mrs. Eastwood & Company, on which Clint appeared only occasionally. Also featured in the series was Dina's sister-in-law Jade Berti, granddaughter of comedy legend Groucho Marx. (By sheer coincidence, Marx's handprint square at Grauman's Chinese Theatre touches corners with Mr. Eastwood's; Berti viewed this as a sign of her relationship with Dina's brother, special effects coordinator Dominic Ruiz, being written "in stone and in the stars.") While promoting the show on Chelsea Lately, Dina said jokingly: "I hope we're still married when this is over!"[125] – a reference to the apparent trend that many marriages on reality TV end in divorce.

On August 28, 2013, Dina Eastwood announced that she and her husband had been living separately for an undisclosed length of time.[126] By fall, Eastwood's wife filed for divorce after she withdrew her request for legal separation, citing irreconcilable differences. She asked for full custody of their then 16-year-old daughter, Morgan, as well as spousal support.[127] The divorce was finalized on December 22, 2014.[128]

Later relationships

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Since his split from Ruiz, Eastwood has been linked publicly with photographer Erica Tomlinson-Fisher (no relation to Frances),[129][d] 41 years his junior, and restaurant hostess Christina Sandera, 33 years his junior. He and Sandera went public with their relationship at the 87th Academy Awards in February 2015.[131]

Further alleged offspring

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Laurie Murray, Kimber Tunis, and Scott and Kathryn Reeves are omitted from the Eastwood episode of A&E's Biography series, which first aired on October 5, 2003.[132] According to McGilligan, "the people who know Clint best suspect there are other families in his closet."[133] The UK edition of Clint: The Life and Legend (1999) was the first publication to report Laurie's existence, although her name was not revealed, and she was not acknowledged by any media outlet until she identified herself to photographers at the December 2018 premiere of The Mule.[134]

Some sources, including a now-defunct website launched in 2006 by his cousin Steve,[135] cite another child named Lesly (born February 13, 1959) by Rosina Mary Glen.[135][136]

Publicly, Eastwood has been silent on claims of other offspring. "We don't know how many children Clint has had with how many women," McGilligan stated on-camera in the 2012 French documentary L'album secret de Clint Eastwood.[3] "One was when he was still in high school ... I heard of other possibilities."[3] Playboy notes that "the number is unconfirmed and Eastwood is reticent about the issue."[2]

When Steve Kroft asked Eastwood how many children he has in a 1997 60 Minutes interview, he replied, without further elaboration, "I have a few."[137]

Footnotes

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  1. ^ Murray had actually been photographed with Eastwood many years before she identified herself to the media, accompanying him, for instance, to the 2004 Academy Awards.[23]
  2. ^ Tunis had married Jack Watson Scheck Jr. in 1956.[32] She divorced him in December 1984, a month after Eastwood's own divorce and 10 months after the birth of Tunis and Eastwood's grandson, Clinton Gaddie (now Clint McCartney).[33]
  3. ^ Locke was born in 1944, but claimed dates two to twelve years later.[103][104][105] The pretense infected almost every published mention of Locke before the growth of fact-checking very late in her life, with the result that it allowed false narratives about "giving up her childbearing years" for Eastwood to flourish.[106]
  4. ^ Erica Tomlinson-Fisher is the ex-wife of college basketball coach Scott Fisher. In a twist that attracted headlines after the Eastwoods separated, Scott Fisher started dating Clint's estranged wife Dina at the same time Clint and Erica were dating. Scott married Dina in 2016.[130]

References

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  1. ^ Wallace, Debra (2022-02-02). "Meet Clint Eastwood's Kids! See the Acting Legend's 8 Children and Their Mothers". Parade.
  2. ^ a b Clint Eastwood - Interview - Western Movie Star Bernard Weinraub, Playboy, March 1997
  3. ^ a b c "L'album secret de Clint Eastwood" (Interview). Les grands reportages. 2012. Event occurs at 50:06.
  4. ^ "Clint Eastwood ‘devastated’ by death of ex-mistress Roxanne Tunis aged 93". Yahoo! News. August 8, 2023.
  5. ^ Radner, Hilary (2017). The New Woman's Film: Femme-centric Movies for Smart Chicks. Taylor & Francis. ISBN 978-1317286486.
  6. ^ Oliver Jones (September 9, 2013). "Clint Eastwood & Dina Eastwood's Marriage Drama". People.
  7. ^ Schickel, p. 34
  8. ^ Dougary, Ginny (April 25, 1998). "For the love of Clint". The Sydney Morning Herald. p. 19.
  9. ^ "Clint Eastwood: The Us Interview". Us Weekly. January 26, 1987.
  10. ^ Schickel, p. 39
  11. ^ McGilligan, p. 53
  12. ^ Schickel, Clint Eastwood, p. 58
  13. ^ Munn, Michael (1992). Clint Eastwood: Hollywood's Loner. London: Robson. ISBN 978-0-86051-790-0.
  14. ^ a b McGilligan, p. 55
  15. ^ McGilligan, p. 54
  16. ^ a b McGilligan, p. 500
  17. ^ a b c "Engagements". The News Tribune. July 1, 1979. p. D-5.
  18. ^ "Clint Eastwood Is Extremely Close With His Kids! Meet the ‘Gran Torino’ Star’s 8 Children". Closer. May 2, 2022.
  19. ^ Clint Eastwood’s Secret Love Child Daughter: How She Found Her Dad & He Welcomed Her To Family
  20. ^ Revealed: The touching story of Clint Eastwood's secret daughter, 64, who was put up for adoption by her mother but who tracked down the Hollywood legend 30 years ago. Now they share vacations, weddings and a passion for golf
  21. ^ Clint Eastwood Appears in Public With His Secret Daughter for the First Time Inside Edition. December 14, 2018.
  22. ^ "Revela Clint Eastwood tener hija secreta". El Paso Times. December 16, 2018. p. 3B.
  23. ^ "The Many Women and Many Children of Clint Eastwood – Page 2 – Herald Weekly". www.heraldweekly.com. Retrieved 2022-09-30.
  24. ^ Beck, Lia (October 21, 2021). "See Clint Eastwood's Grandson, Who's a Trainer&Reality TV Star". Yahoo Life.
  25. ^ Clint Eastwood Hits The Red Carpet With His Adult Kids — Meet The 8 Eastwood Children!
  26. ^ McGilligan, pp. 54-55
  27. ^ "Alpha Delta Pi Sisters Told Of Betrothal", Oakland Tribune, October 28, 1953
  28. ^ Schickel, p. 64
  29. ^ Eliot, p. 33
  30. ^ Neill, Michael (May 26, 1986). "Chatter". People. Archived from the original on June 11, 2018. Retrieved June 1, 2018.
  31. ^ a b "Making His Day – Vol. 45 No. 15". April 15, 1996. Archived from the original on August 5, 2016. Retrieved April 21, 2016.
  32. ^ "Front Page Social Stories Including Marriages and Engagements of Regional Young Women". The Scrantonian. August 26, 1956. p. 27.
  33. ^ California, Divorce Index 1966–1984
  34. ^ a b c d McGilligan, p. 139
  35. ^ a b c d The Good, the Bad and the Ugly Archived 2017-09-22 at the Wayback Machine. Young, Josh (May 4, 1997). The Independent.
  36. ^ McGilligan, p. 455
  37. ^ Eliot, p. 69
  38. ^ Kerrigan, Mike; Williams, Brian (July 11, 1989). "Clint's Bombshell Secret – He Has Illegitimate Daughter & Grandson". National Enquirer.
  39. ^ Eden, Barbara (2011). Jeannie Out of the Bottle. Crown Archetype. ISBN 978-0307886958.
  40. ^ Interview with Tim Chadwick, 1971
  41. ^ Douglas Thompson (2005). Clint Eastwood: Billion Dollar Man. John Blake. ISBN 1857825721.
  42. ^ "Dirty Harry's Secret Family". Sunday Mirror. July 2, 1989.
  43. ^ "Dumped by dad Clint". Manchester Evening News. May 5, 1990.
  44. ^ "Cold-heart Clint". Sunday Mirror. June 10, 1990.
  45. ^ "Passages". People. August 30, 1993.
  46. ^ Bagaria, Avnii (August 8, 2023). "Clint Eastwood's ex-mistress passes away at 93: 5 things to know about Roxanne Tunis". Pinkvilla. Retrieved August 8, 2023.
  47. ^ Akinwumi, Stella (August 8, 2023). "Clint Eastwood's ex-mistress Roxanne Tunis, who had 14-year affair with Hollywood icon, dies aged 93". Metro News. Retrieved August 8, 2023.
  48. ^ Gelhoren, Giovana (August 10, 2023). "Clint Eastwood’s Reaction to His Former Mistress’ Death Shows How Strong Their Connection Was". SheKnows.
  49. ^ From unpublished manuscript Take Ten (The Life Story of Anita Lhoest) by Ria Brown, cited in Acknowledgements section of McGilligan biography
  50. ^ McGilligan, p. 121
  51. ^ "Food Critic Reveals She Bedded Hunky Clint". February 10, 2006. Archived from the original on January 10, 2017. Retrieved January 10, 2017.
  52. ^ McGee, Garry (2008). Breathless. BearManor Media. ISBN 978-1593931278.
  53. ^ McGilligan, p. 175
  54. ^ McGilligan, p. 163
  55. ^ McGilligan, p. 188
  56. ^ McGilligan, p. 118
  57. ^ McGilligan, p. 151
  58. ^ McGilligan, p. 181
  59. ^ a b McGilligan, p. 228
  60. ^ McGilligan, p. 271
  61. ^ McGilligan, p. 119
  62. ^ a b McGilligan, p. 484
  63. ^ O'Brien, Daniel (1996). Clint Eastwood: Film-Maker. London: B. T. Batsford. ISBN 0-7134-7839-X.
  64. ^ Kirk Henderson (2020). Hollywood v. Beauty and the Synchronicity of the Six. Austin Macauley Publishers. ISBN 978-1643781655.
  65. ^ McGilligan, p. 262
  66. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q Locke, Sondra (1997). The Good, the Bad, and the Very Ugly – A Hollywood Journey. William Morrow and Company. ISBN 978-0-688-15462-2.
  67. ^ a b McGilligan, p. 288
  68. ^ McGilligan, p. 314
  69. ^ Eastwood buys ranch Inter Mountain News, November 30, 1978
  70. ^ "Actor sued for divorce". Ukiah Daily Journal. Ukiah, California. May 20, 1984. p. 21.
  71. ^ ""California Divorce Index, 1966-1984," database, FamilySearch". FamilySearch.
  72. ^ McGilligan, p. 348
  73. ^ "Locke Married?". The Palm Beach Post. May 9, 1989. Retrieved January 22, 2014.
  74. ^ "Locke Biography" Archived July 7, 2011, at the Wayback Machine, annoline.com; retrieved October 7, 2012.
  75. ^ A Fond Farewell to Sondra Locke (1944 – 2018) Harrison, John (December 16, 2018). FilmInk.
  76. ^ Sondra Locke obituary Gilbey, Ryan (December 14, 2018). The Guardian.
  77. ^ a b Furtado, David (October 19, 2013). "Exclusive Interview with Sondra Locke: Magic in films and the real world". Archived from the original on October 8, 2017. Retrieved June 20, 2017.
  78. ^ a b c McGilligan, p. 353
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Bibliography

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