Persia, New York

Persia is a town in Cattaraugus County, New York, United States. The population was 2,404 at the 2010 census.[3] It is in the northwest part of the county. The village of Gowanda is partially in the town.

Persia, New York
Persia's town hall
Persia's town hall
Persia is located in New York
Persia
Persia
Location within the state of New York
Coordinates: 42°26′5″N 78°56′33″W / 42.43472°N 78.94250°W / 42.43472; -78.94250
CountryUnited States
StateNew York
CountyCattaraugus
Government
 • TypeTown Council
 • Town SupervisorJohn T Walgus (R)
 • Town Council
Members' List
Area
 • Total20.99 sq mi (54.36 km2)
 • Land20.89 sq mi (54.11 km2)
 • Water0.10 sq mi (0.25 km2)
Elevation
1,339 ft (408 m)
Population
 (2010)
 • Total2,404
 • Estimate 
(2016)[2]
2,317
 • Density110.90/sq mi (42.82/km2)
Time zoneUTC-5 (Eastern (EST))
 • Summer (DST)UTC-4 (EDT)
FIPS code36-009-57331
GNIS feature ID0979356
Websitepersiany.org

NameEdit

A question frequently asked is "How did Town of Persia get its name?". Newspaper archives and history books do not give a small clue to the origin of the name.[4]

EtymologyEdit

From Latin Persia, from Ancient Greek Περσίς (Persís), from Old Persian 𐎱𐎠𐎼𐎿 (Pārsa), another name for Iran.

HistoryEdit

The area that would become the town was first settled circa 1812. The town of Persia was founded in 1835 from the town of Perrysburg.

GeographyEdit

According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 21.0 square miles (54.4 km2), of which 20.9 square miles (54.1 km2) is land and 0.12 square miles (0.3 km2), or 0.46%, is water.[3]

The northern border of the town is partly formed by Cattaraugus Creek, with Erie County on the opposite bank, and the east town line is defined by the South Branch of Cattaraugus Creek.

U.S. Route 62 passes through the northwest corner of the town, and New York State Route 353 passes across the south part of the town. Much of the town is served by the north-to-south Broadway Road (County Road 4), which runs from NY 353 into the village of Gowanda, which occupies the northern tip of the town and extends across Cattaraugus Creek into the town of Collins in Erie County.

Adjacent towns and areasEdit

(Clockwise)

DemographicsEdit

Historical population
Census Pop.
1840892
18501,954119.1%
18601,304−33.3%
18701,220−6.4%
18801,37012.3%
18901,5069.9%
19001,94028.8%
19101,730−10.8%
19202,19426.8%
19302,51014.4%
19402,6716.4%
19502,615−2.1%
19602,7565.4%
19702,587−6.1%
19802,442−5.6%
19902,5303.6%
20002,512−0.7%
20102,404−4.3%
2016 (est.)2,317[2]−3.6%
U.S. Decennial Census[5]

As of the census[6] of 2000 For Persia, there were 2,512 people, 961 households, and 602 families residing in the town. The population density was 120.0 people per square mile (46.3/km2). There were 1,071 housing units at an average density of 51.2 per square mile (19.8/km2). The racial makeup of the town was 95.74% White, 0.28% African American, 2.51% Native American, 0.36% Asian, 0.04% from other races, and 1.07% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.88% of the population.

There were 961 households, out of which 29.7% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 46.2% were married couples living together, 11.9% had a female householder with no husband present, and 37.3% were non-families. 31.3% of all households were made up of individuals, and 15.2% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.41 and the average family size was 3.03.

In the town, the population was spread out, with 24.8% under the age of 18, 6.5% from 18 to 24, 26.0% from 25 to 44, 20.2% from 45 to 64, and 22.4% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 40 years. For every 100 females, there were 88.4 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 84.0 males.

The median income for a household in the town was $33,675, and the median income for a family was $39,650. Males had a median income of $29,838 versus $26,304 for females. The per capita income for the town was $15,590. About 10.6% of families and 13.1% of the population were below the poverty line, including 18.6% of those under age 18 and 11.1% of those age 65 or over.

Population in 2010[7]
Age Enumeration and percentage
Under 5 years 130
5.4%
5 to 9 years 150
6.2%
10 to 14 years 163
6.8%
15 to 19 years 160
6.7%
20 to 24 years 120
5.0%
25 to 29 years 136
5.7%
30 to 34 years 113
4.7%
35 to 39 years 141
5.9%
40 to 44 years 161
6.7%
45 to 49 years 182
7.6%
50 to 54 years 201
8.4%
55 to 59 years 155
6.4%
60 to 64 years 132
5.5%
65 to 69 years 115
4.8%
70 to 74 years 102
4.2%
75 to 79 years 84
3.5%
80 to 84 years 72
3.0%
85 years and over 87
3.6%
Total : 2,404
100 / 100 (100%)

Education and languageEdit

Language Spoken at Home (2017)[7]Edit

CITIZENS 18 YEARS AND OVER (Estimates)
Speak only English 1,789
Speak a language other than English 47
Spanish 21
Other languages 26
Total : 1,836

Educational Attainment (2017) [7]Edit

Population 18 to 24 years (Estimates)
Less than high school graduate 16
High school graduate (includes equivalency) 40
Some college or associate degree 49
Bachelor's degree or higher 11
Total : 116

List of supervisorsEdit

(Town of Persia Supervisor);[8]

  • Esek B. Nash, 1835-1836
  • John Thatcher, 1837-1838
  • tEsek B. Nash, 1839
  • John Thatcher, 1840-1841
  • George W. White, 1842
  • Seth Field, 1843
  • Esek B. Nash, 1844
  • John Thatcher, 1845
  • Esek B. Nash, 1846-1848
  • Amasa L. Chaffee, 1853
  • Levi W. Strope, 1854
  • David N. Brown, 1855-1856
  • Lemuel S. Jenks, 1857-1868
  • Wm. W. Henry, 1869-1870
  • A.S. Bennett, 1871-1872
  • Charles W. Blackney, 1873-1874
  • Silas Vinton, 1875-1877
  • Reuben Ross, 1878
  • Silas Vinton, 1879-1880
  • Ward Hooker, 1881-1882
  • Byron L. Kimble, 1883-1884
  • Frank C. Vinton, 1885-1887
  • Joseph H.Schaack, 1888
  • Frank C. Vinton, 1889-1991
  • Frank L. Mattock, 1891-1893
  • H. Ward Hooker, 1894
  • George B. Taylor, 1895-1897
  • Irving R. Leonard, 1898-1917
  • Robert E. Congdom, 1918-1933
  • Stanley Nielson, 1934-1937
  • George Lambert, 1938-1955
  • Andrew J. Musacchio, 1956-1963
  • Charles Deneen, 1964-1969

Annual eventsEdit

Hollywood HappeningEdit

June is the month for the Annual Hollywood Happening. Part of Main Street is closed to vehicle traffic so hundreds of individuals from all over can come to display their motorcycles and take part in the "Harley" Parade on Friday evening. There are vendors, live music, great food, and various activities to partake.[9]

Christmas LightingEdit

In December, a Christmas tree lighting ceremony is held in Chang Hu Park, sponsored by the Gowanda Chamber of Commerce.[9]

Communities and locations in PersiaEdit

  • Gowanda – Part of the village of Gowanda is located in the northwest corner of the town.
  • Persia – The hamlet of Persia is located south of Gowanda near the west town line.
  • Snyders Corners – A hamlet at the junction of County Road 4 and NY-353 in the south part of the town.
  • Zoar Valley Multiple Use Area – A small part of this conservation area is in the north part of the town.

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "2016 U.S. Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved Jul 4, 2017.
  2. ^ a b "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved June 9, 2017.
  3. ^ a b "Geographic Identifiers: 2010 Demographic Profile Data (G001): Persia town, Cattaraugus County, New York". U.S. Census Bureau, American Factfinder. Archived from the original on February 12, 2020. Retrieved October 28, 2014.
  4. ^ A Brief Early History of The Town of Persia (PDF). Jean C. Hillis.
  5. ^ "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Retrieved June 4, 2015.
  6. ^ "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
  7. ^ a b c Bureau, U. S. Census. "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2019-10-19.
  8. ^ "Town of Persia Sesquicentennial PROGRAM" (PDF).
  9. ^ a b "Town of Persia, NY". www.persiany.org. Retrieved 2019-11-27.

External linksEdit

Coordinates: 42°23′07″N 78°56′10″W / 42.38528°N 78.93611°W / 42.38528; -78.93611