Pernambuco pygmy owl

The Pernambuco pygmy owl (Glaucidium mooreorum) is a species of owl in the family Strigidae. This recently described species is endemic to Pernambuco in Brazil. It has been argued that it actually should be referred to as G. minutissimum (a name typically used for the East Brazilian pygmy owl), but this has not gained widespread recognition.[3]

Pernambuco pygmy owl

Critically endangered, possibly extinct (IUCN 3.1)[1]
Scientific classification edit
Domain: Eukaryota
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Aves
Order: Strigiformes
Family: Strigidae
Genus: Glaucidium
Species:
G. mooreorum
Binomial name
Glaucidium mooreorum
da Silva, Coelho & Pedreira, 2002[2]

This owl is classified as Critically Endangered and Possibly Extinct by BirdLife International. If still extant, it is assumed to have a tiny and declining population within an extremely small known range. Any remaining population is estimated at less than fifty adult birds and birds in total. The Pernambuco pygmy owl was first described in December 2002 when two study skins were examined in Pernambuco, Brazil. The skins were originally collected in 1980 and thought to be subspecies of the least pygmy owl (Glaucidium minutissimum) or Amazonian pygmy owl (Glaucidium hardyi). Upon closer examination of the skins, and vocalisations of the birds also obtained in 1980, it was concluded that this was a new species.

It was A 2018 study citing bird extinction patterns and the almost complete destruction of its habitat that recommended uplisting the owl from just Critically Endangered to Critically Endangered - Possibly Extinct.[4] The following year, it was uplisted.[1]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b BirdLife International (2019). "Glaucidium mooreorum". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. 2019. Retrieved 24 October 2020.CS1 maint: ref=harv (link)
  2. ^ Cardoso da Silva, José Maria; Coelho, Pedreira (December 2002). "Discovered on the brink of extinction: a new species of Pygmy-owl (Strigidae: Glaucidium) from Atlantic forest of northeastern Brazil" (PDF). Ararajuba. 10 (2): 123–130. Retrieved 10 October 2012.
  3. ^ South American Classification Committee (2008). Change the name of Least Pygmy-Owl to Glaucidium sicki. Archived 2015-09-19[Timestamp length] at Archive.today Accessed 21-11-2008.
  4. ^ Butchart, Stuart H.M.; Lowe, Stephen; Martin, Rob W.; Symes, Andy; Westrip, James R.S.; Wheatley, Hannah (2018-11-01). "Which bird species have gone extinct? A novel quantitative classification approach". Biological Conservation. 227: 9–18. doi:10.1016/j.biocon.2018.08.014. ISSN 0006-3207.