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The perineal artery (superficial perineal artery) arises from the internal pudendal artery, and turns upward, crossing either over or under the superficial transverse perineal muscle, and runs forward, parallel to the pubic arch, in the interspace between the bulbocavernosus and ischiocavernosus muscles, both of which it supplies, and finally divides into several posterior scrotal branches which are distributed to the skin and dartos tunic of the scrotum.

Perineal artery
Gray542.png
The superficial branches of the internal pudendal artery. (Perineal artery visible but not labeled.)
Details
SourceInternal pudendal artery
BranchesTransverse perineal artery and posterior scrotal arteries
VeinPerineal vein
Suppliesbulbocavernosus and ischiocavernosus muscles, and skin and dartos tunic of the scrotum.
Identifiers
LatinArteria perinealis
TAA12.2.15.040
FMA20836
Anatomical terminology

As it crosses the superficial transverse perineal muscle it gives off the transverse perineal artery which runs transversely on the cutaneous surface of the muscle, and anastomoses with the corresponding vessel of the opposite side and with the perineal and inferior hemorrhoidal arteries.

It supplies the Transversus perinæi superficialis and the structures between the anus and the urethral bulb.

ReferencesEdit

This article incorporates text in the public domain from page 619 of the 20th edition of Gray's Anatomy (1918)