Perchuhi Partizpanyan-Barseghyan (Armenian: Պերճուհի Պարտիզպանյան-Բարսեղյան, 1886-18 May 1940) was an Armenian pedagog, writer and humanitarian worker. She was one of the first three women elected to serve as a member of the parliament with the formation of the First Republic of Armenia in 1919. After the fall of the republic, she briefly relocated to Bulgaria, before continuing her literary career in Paris. She received recognition for her short stories from the American anthologist, Edward J. O'Brien. She worked in the Nansen International Office for Refugees in Paris trying to assist Armenians who had been effected by the Armenian Genocide.
Perchuhi Partizpanyan was born in 1886 in Edirne, Adrianople Vilayet, Ottoman Empire. She was the daughter of a wealthy family of Armenian heritage living in Turkey. Along with her sister, Satenik, she attended high school in Philippopolis, Bulgaria. At a young age, she became inspired by revolutionary ideas of Rostom and his wife Lisa Melik Shahnazarian, who were operating an Armenian school there. When she returned home to Edirne, at sixteen, she met Sargis Barseghyan, an intellectual and member of the Armenian Revolutionary Federation, also known as the Dashnaktsutyun. He encouraged her to start the Armenian Women's Union, (Armenian: Հայ կանանց միություն), an organization to encourage other women to write and discuss Armenian literature and progressive ideas.
Resuming her studies, Partizpanyan attended college in Geneva studying literature and pedagogy. She began to publish writings under the pseudonym Etna, including several short stories which would later be compiled and published as Փոթորիկէն վերջ (The End of the Storm).
After completing her education, Partizpanyan returned to Turkey and began teaching first in Van and then in Giresun. In 1909, she married Sargis Barseghyan, who had become the head of the Dashnaktsutyun in Constantinople. They would have a son before Sargis was arrested in March 1915 and executed on 30 April by the state as one of the first victims of the Armenian Genocide. After the massacre of intellectuals, Barseghyan took her son and fled to Sofia, Bulgaria, but soon settled in Tbilisi and resumed teaching. She taught at St. Gayane Girl's School and later at Mariamian-Hovnanian Girl's School, both Armenian schools located in the capital of the Tiflis Governorate, of the Caucasus Viceroyalty of the Russian Empire.
When Armenia gained its independence from the Russian Empire and established the First Republic of Armenia on 28 May 1918, Barseghyan moved to Yerevan. Though not a women's right's activist, Barseghyan believed in public roles for women and along with other members of the Dashnaktsutyun worked to ensure that the new constitution provided for universal suffrage. She was socially active and worked with other women to provide care for orphans and refugees. When the first elections were held on 21 and 23 June 1919, Barseghyan was one of three women elected to serve in the 80-member parliament. The other two women who served were Varvara Sahakyan and Katarine Zalyan-Manukyan. They served until December 1920, when Red Army of Russia invaded Armenia.
With the collapse of the Republic, Barseghyan took her son and returned briefly to Sofia. Committed to serving on behalf of the Armenian people, she chose to live in exile in Paris, where she worked at the Nansen International Office for Refugees and continued her literary endeavors. One of her short stories received an award from the American anthologist, Edward J. O'Brien, and stories like Արփիկը (Arpik) and Օղակ մը շղթայէս (One Ring Chain) were translated into English and French. She published her memoirs, Խանձուած օրերը (Days of Distress), as a series in the American journal Hairenik between 1938 and 1939.
Death and legacyEdit
Barseghyan died on 18 May 1940 in Paris and was buried there in the tomb of Armenian intellectuals. Her son translated her memoirs into French and published them in Marseille in 2004. In 2016, Hakob Palian, writer and journalist, edited a new publication of them for Hamazkayin Publishing House of Beruit in honor of the 100th anniversary of the Armenian Genocide. Her works, but especially her memoir, are significant representations of the historic interwar period in Armenia's struggle and the role women played in protecting the nation and people in their quest for independence.
- Հայրենիքս (My Homeland), 1915 poem
- Barseghyan, Perchuhi (1932). Փոթորիկէն վերջ [The End of the Storm] (in Armenian). Paris, France: Imp. De Navarre. Archived from the original on 12 January 2019.
- Արփիկը (Arpik, short story)
- Օղակ մը շղթայէս (One Ring Chain, short story)
- Barseghyan, Perchuhi (2016). Palian, Hakob (ed.). Խանձված օրեր (in Armenian). Beirut, Lebanon: Hamazkayin Publishing House.
Days of Distress
- Աբրահամեան (Abrahamyan), Սիմա (Sima) (23 May 2018). "Մի քանի խորհրդածութիւններ Հայաստանի հանրապետութեան հարիւրամեակին առթիւ" [A few thoughts on the centenary of the Republic of Armenia]. Horizon Literary Supplement. Montreal, Quebec, Canada: Horizon Weekly. Retrieved 12 January 2019.
- Badalyan, Lena (18 May 2018). "Women's Suffrage: The Armenian Formula". chai-khana.org. Tbilisi, Georgia: Chai Khana. Archived from the original on 1 December 2018. Retrieved 12 January 2019.CS1 maint: ref=harv (link)
- Պէրպէրեան (Berberyan), Նազարէթ (Nazareth) (19 July 2015). "Վանայ Սարգիս (Սարգիս Բարսեղեան, 1875 -1915). Հայ Յեղափոխականի եւ Դաշնակցականի ուսանելի ուղին" [Vanga Sargis (Sargis Barseghyan, 1875–1915). The educated way of the Armenian Revolutionary Federation and Dashnaktsutyun]. Diario Armenia (in Armenian). Buenos Aires, Argentina. Archived from the original on 6 February 2016. Retrieved 12 January 2019.
- Habeshian, Vahe (2014). Voices from the Past: Excerpts from Writings of Armenian Revolutionaries. Watertown, Massachusetts: Hairenik Association. ISBN 978-1-940573-09-0.CS1 maint: ref=harv (link)
- Մինասյան (Minasyan), Էդիկ Գարեգինի (Edik Garegin); Մինասյան (Minasyan), Տաթեւիկ Էդիկի (Tatevik Edik) (2016). Հայ կանայք 19-րդ դարավերջի եւ 20-րդ դարասկզբի հերոսամար- տի տարիներին [Armenian Women in the Years of Heroic Struggle in the 19th and the Beginning of the 20th Centuries] (PDF) (in Armenian). Yerevan, Armenia: Yerevan State University Publishing House. ISBN 978-5-8084-2167-7. Archived from the original (PDF) on 12 January 2019. Retrieved 12 January 2019.
- Սանթրյան (Santryan), Վանիկ (Vanik) (27 October 2016). "Ժայթքող հիշողություն, որ թափանցում է բջիջների մեջ" [Silent Memory That Penetrates the Cells] (in Armenian). Yerevan, Armenia: Hayastani Hanrapetutyun. Archived from the original on 28 October 2016. Retrieved 13 January 2019.
- Թրուանց (Truvants), Անուշ (Anoush) (10 April 2018). "Հարիւր Տարի Առաջ…" [Here Years Ago …]. Jamanak Gazetesi (in Armenian). Istanbul, Turkey. Archived from the original on 12 January 2019. Retrieved 12 January 2019.
- "Երեւանում տեղի է ունեցել Պերճուհի Բարսեղյանի «Խանձված օրեր» գրքի շնորհանդես-քննարկումը" [In Yerevan a presentation and discussion of Perchuhi Barseghyan's "Days of Distress" took place]. Yerkir Media (in Armenian). Yerevan, Armenia. 26 October 2016. Archived from the original on 29 June 2017. Retrieved 12 January 2019.
- "Հայաստանի Հանրապետութեան Խորհրդարանի Կին Պատգամաւորները. 1918–1920" [Women's Deputies of the Republican Parliament: 1918–1920]. Kantsasar (in Armenian). Aleppo, Syria. 31 May 2018. Archived from the original on 12 January 2019. Retrieved 12 January 2019.