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The Pep Boys: Manny, Moe & Jack (branded and commonly abbreviated as Pep Boys) is an American automotive aftermarket retail and service chain. They are referred to as the "founders of the automotive aftermarket".[1]

The Pep Boys: Manny, Moe & Jack
Subsidiary
IndustrySpecialty retail and automotive repair and Tires
FoundedAugust 1, 1921; 97 years ago (1921-08-01) (as Pep Auto Supplies)
1923 (1923) (as Pep Boys)
FoundersMaurice (Moe) Strauss
Emanuel (Manny) Rosenfeld
W. Graham (Jack) Jackson
Moe Radavitz
HeadquartersPhiladelphia, Pennsylvania, U.S.
Number of locations
930 (2017)
Key people
Daniel A Ninivaggi (CEO)
ProductsAuto parts, service and tires
ParentIcahn Enterprises
SubsidiariesJust Brakes
Websitepepboys.com

Originally named Pep Auto Supply Company, the Company was founded in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania in 1921 by Emanuel (Manny) Rosenfeld, Maurice L. (Moe) Strauss, W. Graham (Jack) Jackson, and Moe Radavitz.

Headquartered in the Philadelphia neighborhood of East Falls, Pep Boys provides name-brand tires, automotive maintenance and repair, parts and expert advice for the do-it-yourselfer, commercial auto parts delivery, and fleet maintenance and repair to customers across the U.S. with Just Brakes, its wholly owned subsidiary. Pep Boys operates more than 8,300 service bays in over 930 locations in 35 states and Puerto Rico.[2][3]

Contents

HistoryEdit

 
Pep Boys logo from June 6, 2004 to July 22, 2013.

Early historyEdit

The original "Pep Boys" were Emanuel "Manny" Rosenfeld, Maurice "Moe" Strauss, Graham "Jack" Jackson, and Moe Radavitz, four friends who, in August 1921,[4] chipped in $200 apiece to open a single auto parts store. They dubbed it Pep Auto Supply Company after noticing a shipment of Pep Valve grinding compound on the shelves.[5]

The name of the company emerged in pieces. “The Pep Boys” came from a policeman who worked near the store: Every time the officer stopped a car for driving without lights during nighttime hours, he would tell the driver, "Go see the boys at Pep" for a replacement oil wick (what cars used as headlights in those days).[6] A few years later, on a trip to California, Moe Strauss noticed that many successful West Coast businesses used their owners' first names. One he liked in particular was a dress shop called "Minnie, Maude and Mabel's". As soon as Strauss returned to Philadelphia, the Company’s name was officially changed to "The Pep Boys Manny, Moe & Jack". (Radavitz had cashed out the previous year.)[7]). Soon, the partners had commissioned the Manny, Moe and Jack caricatures that still serve as the company's logo. When Jackson left in 1925, his caricature was replaced with that of Moe's brother, Isadore (Izzy) Strauss.[7] In 1929, Izzy Strauss left to form his own auto supply business in Brooklyn, Strauss Stores, which later merged with Roth & Schlenger Home and Auto to form R&S Strauss, the ancestor of Strauss Discount Auto, later known as Strauss Auto, which closed its doors on June 4, 2012.[8] The company name's reference to "Jack" remained unchanged. No further changes were made to the logo until 1990, when Manny's cigar was removed.[9]

The Great Depression struck in 1929, but Manny and Moe had not incurred business debts other than reasonable mortgages on store properties. Pep Boys was thereby insulated from the severe downturn that destroyed so many other businesses. Although unemployment rates reached 40 percent in some areas, Manny and Moe did not lay off employees or cut salaries during the Depression. Instead, they added employees as part of an expansion they had waited 10 years to launch. In 1933, Manny's brother, Murray Rosenfeld, opened the first West Coast Pep Boys store as part of a separate company named The Pep Boys - Manny, Moe & Jack of California and managed the Western operations. Within three years, Pep Boys of California had opened 11 stores.

In 1945, Pep Boys went public, and Manny Rosenfeld became the company's first corporate president, a position he held until his death in 1959. Moe Strauss served as president from 1960 to 1973 and remained chairman of the board of directors until his death in 1982. In 1986, Mitch Leibovitz became the first non-founding family member to be named company president. Manny's grandson, Stuart Rosenfeld, Pep Boys' vice president of distribution, is the only founding family member currently in company management. The Strauss and Rosenfeld families continued to control approximately one-fifth of the company's stock until the early 1990s.[7]

By 1969, the number of Pep Boys stores grew to 124. Service bays and service managers were added to each store. In the 1970s, all stores had self-serviced merchandising and a computerized inventory system was in use.

In the 1980s came aggressive growth. Pep Boys moved to the New York Stock Exchange and enjoyed rapid expansion with the introduction of the “supercenter.” The store count grew to more than 700 and the company had more than 3,000 service bays. It generated more than $2 billion in annual sales.

In the 1990s, growth continued with the opening of stores in Puerto Rico.

2000-presentEdit

In January 2003 Mitch Leibovitz announced his retirement. Larry Stevenson, from the Canadian book retailer Chapters, was named CEO later that year and served until pressured by the company's two largest shareholders to resign in July 2006.

In March 2007, Jeffrey C. Rachor was named CEO.

In April 2008, Pep Boys Chief Operating Officer Michael “Mike” R. Odell became Interim CEO with the resignation of Jeff Rachor. In September 2008, Odell was named CEO.[10]

In October 2009, Pep Boys acquired tire retailer Florida Tire. The acquisition gave Pep Boys ten service and tire centers in the Orlando market.[11]

In March 2011, Pep Boys acquired seven stores from tire retailer Big O Tires. The acquisition gave Pep Boys service and tire centers in Washington State, in the Pacific Northwest.[12] In May 2011, Pep Boys acquired tire retailer Big 10 Tires. The acquisition gave Pep Boys an additional 84 service and tire centers in Alabama, Florida, and Georgia, including concentrations around Atlanta and Orlando.[13] In June 2011, Pep Boys acquired seven locations from automotive repair company My Mechanic. The acquisition gave Pep Boys additional locations in the Houston, Texas metropolitan area.[14]


In January 2012, Pep Boys announced that it had agreed to be acquired by The Gores Group, a Los Angeles-based private equity investment company, for $15 per share, or approximately $1 billion. But four months later, in May 2012, it was announced that the deal had fallen through.[15] In September 2013, Pep Boys acquired 18 Discount Tire Centers in Southern California, enabling the Company to boast, "Seventy-five percent of Los Angeles-area residents now live within three miles of Pep Boys."[5] In September 2014, Mike Odell resigned as President and CEO and John Sweetwood became Interim CEO.[16]

In June 2015, Scott P. Sider, group president of Hertz Corporation's Rent A Car Americas, became the Company's new CEO.[17] In October 2015, Bridgestone Retail Operations, a wholly owned subsidiary of Bridgestone Americas, Inc., agreed to purchase the Company for $835,000,000.[18]

However, in December 2015, Pep Boys terminated the previously announced acquisition deal with Bridgestone and signed a merger agreement with Icahn Automotive Group, a subsidiary of Icahn Enterprises. In February 2016, Icahn announced that it completed its acquisition of Pep Boys in an all-cash transaction for $18.50 per share or approximately $1.03 billion.[3]

In January 2017, Pep Boys acquired Just Brakes, a 134-store automotive repair and maintenance chain, which became a wholly owned subsidiary of Pep Boys.[19] In March 2017, Dan A. Ninivaggi, Co-Chief Executive Officer and Co-Chairman of the Board of Directors of Federal-Mogul LLC and Chief Executive Officer of Federal-Mogul Motorparts, became the company’s new CEO.

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Calabro, Marian (2006). The Pep Boys: Founders of the Automotive Aftermarket. New York: Lark Books (a division of Sterling Publishing Co.
  2. ^ "The Pep Boys - Manny, Moe & Jack". Hoovers. Archived from the original on 2011-09-29. Retrieved 2011-06-08.
  3. ^ a b "Icahn Enterprises Completes Acquisition of Pep Boys". Pep Boys. Retrieved 29 February 2016.
  4. ^ "Pep Boys Celebrates 90th Anniversary; Announces Search For Vintage Memorabilia". TheShopMag.com. The Shop Mag. 2011-08-03. Retrieved 2016-04-18.
  5. ^ a b "The Pep Boys Story". Pep Boys Auto. Retrieved 22 June 2015.
  6. ^ "The Pep Boys Story". Pep Boys Auto. Retrieved 22 June 2015.
  7. ^ a b c "Pep Boys Company History". fundinguniverse.com. May 12, 2011.
  8. ^ "Company history". Strauss Auto. May 5, 2011. Retrieved May 12, 2011.
  9. ^ "The Pep Boys Tune Up Image by Losing Cigar: Advertising: The company stubs out the familiar stogie in its logo to coincide with the Great American Smokeout". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved 26 October 2015.
  10. ^ "Pep Boys to buy Florida Tire". Philadelphia Business Journal. Retrieved 26 October 2015.
  11. ^ "Pep Boys to buy Florida Tire". Philadelphia Business Journal. Retrieved 26 October 2015.
  12. ^ "Pep Boys buys 7 Big O stores in Washington". Tire Business. Retrieved 26 October 2015.
  13. ^ "Pep Boys buys Big 10 Tires". Philadelphia Business Journal. 5 May 2011. Retrieved 26 October 2015.
  14. ^ "Pep Boys buys 7 Houston-area 'My Mechanic' stores". Tire Business. Retrieved 26 October 2015.
  15. ^ "Pep Boys Shares Dive as Buyout Blows Up". FoxBusiness.com. July 2, 2012. Retrieved August 20, 2012.
  16. ^ "Pep Boys CEO Mike Odell Resigns; Names John Sweetwood Interim Chief". rttnews.com. February 14, 2015.
  17. ^ "Pep Boys Names Scott P. Sider Chief Executive Officer". BusinessWire News. 15 June 2015. Retrieved 26 October 2015.
  18. ^ "Bridgestone buying Pep Boys for $835 million". CBS News.
  19. ^ "Pep Boys Acquires Just Brakes". AFterMarketNews.com.

BibliographyEdit

External linksEdit

See alsoEdit