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Peoria County is a county in the U.S. state of Illinois. The 2010 United States Census listed its population at 186,494.[1] Its county seat is Peoria.[2]

Peoria County
Courthouse Square in Peoria
Courthouse Square in Peoria
Official seal of Peoria County
Seal
Map of Illinois highlighting Peoria County
Location within the U.S. state of Illinois
Map of the United States highlighting Illinois
Illinois's location within the U.S.
Coordinates: 40°47′N 89°46′W / 40.79°N 89.76°W / 40.79; -89.76
Country United States
State Illinois
Founded1825
Named forPeoria tribe
SeatPeoria
Largest cityPeoria
Area
 • Total631 sq mi (1,630 km2)
 • Land619 sq mi (1,600 km2)
 • Water11 sq mi (30 km2)  1.8%%
Population
 (2010)
 • Total186,494
 • Density301/sq mi (116/km2)
Time zoneUTC−6 (Central)
 • Summer (DST)UTC−5 (CDT)
Congressional districts17th, 18th
Websitewww.co.peoria.il.us

Peoria County is part of the Peoria, IL Metropolitan Statistical Area.

HistoryEdit

Peoria County was formed in 1825 out of Fulton County. It was named for the Peoria, an Illiniwek people who lived there. It included most of the western valley of the Illinois River up to the Chicago river portage.

GeographyEdit

According to the US Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 631 square miles (1,630 km2), of which 619 square miles (1,600 km2) is land and 11 square miles (28 km2) (1.8%) is water.[4] The county is drained by Spoon River, Kickapoo Creek, Elbow Creek, and Copperas Creek.[5]

Climate and weatherEdit

Peoria, Illinois
Climate chart (explanation)
J
F
M
A
M
J
J
A
S
O
N
D
 
 
1.5
 
 
31
14
 
 
1.7
 
 
37
20
 
 
2.8
 
 
49
30
 
 
3.6
 
 
62
40
 
 
4.2
 
 
73
51
 
 
3.8
 
 
82
60
 
 
4
 
 
86
65
 
 
3.2
 
 
84
63
 
 
3.1
 
 
77
54
 
 
2.8
 
 
64
42
 
 
3
 
 
49
31
 
 
2.4
 
 
35
20
Average max. and min. temperatures in °F
Precipitation totals in inches
Source: The Weather Channel[6]

In recent years, average temperatures in the county seat of Peoria have ranged from a low of 14 °F (−10 °C) in January to a high of 86 °F (30 °C) in July, although a record low of −27 °F (−33 °C) was recorded in January 1884 and a record high of 113 °F (45 °C) was recorded in July 1936. Average monthly precipitation ranged from 1.50 inches (38 mm) in January to 4.17 inches (106 mm) in May.[6]

Adjacent countiesEdit

TransportationEdit

DemographicsEdit

Census Pop.
18406,153
185017,547185.2%
186036,601108.6%
187047,54029.9%
188055,35516.4%
189070,37827.1%
190088,60825.9%
1910100,25513.1%
1920111,71011.4%
1930141,34426.5%
1940153,3748.5%
1950174,34713.7%
1960189,0448.4%
1970195,3183.3%
1980200,4662.6%
1990182,827−8.8%
2000183,4330.3%
2010186,4941.7%
Est. 2018180,621[8]−3.1%
US Decennial Census[9]
1790–1960[10] 1900–1990[11]
1990–2000[12] 2010–2013[1]

As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 186,494 people, 75,793 households, and 47,248 families residing in the county.[13] The population density was 301.2 inhabitants per square mile (116.3/km2). There were 83,034 housing units at an average density of 134.1 per square mile (51.8/km2).[4] The racial makeup of the county was 74.4% white, 17.7% black or African American, 3.1% Asian, 0.3% American Indian, 1.6% from other races, and 2.8% from two or more races. Those of Hispanic or Latino origin made up 3.8% of the population.[13] In terms of ancestry, 28.3% were German, 14.8% were Irish, 10.4% were English, and 5.5% were American.[14]

Of the 75,793 households, 30.5% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 44.1% were married couples living together, 14.1% had a female householder with no husband present, 37.7% were non-families, and 31.0% of all households were made up of individuals. The average household size was 2.39 and the average family size was 3.00. The median age was 36.8 years.[13]

The median income for a household in the county was $49,747 and the median income for a family was $63,163. Males had a median income of $51,246 versus $32,881 for females. The per capita income for the county was $28,157. About 10.3% of families and 14.5% of the population were below the poverty line, including 21.8% of those under age 18 and 7.8% of those age 65 or over.[15]

Points of interestEdit

CommunitiesEdit

Notable residentsEdit

People from Peoria County other than in the city of Peoria:

GovernmentEdit

Peoria County is governed by an 18-member County Board which meets on the second Thursday of each month. Each member represents a district with roughly 10,000 residents.[19]

District Board Member Residence In office since Party
1 Sharon K. Williams Peoria 2012 Democratic
2 Junior Watkins Peoria 1994 Democratic
3 Barry Robinson Peoria 2016 Democratic
4 Andrew Rand (Chair) Peoria 2008 Democratic
5 Vacant
6 Dr. Eden Blair Peoria 2019 Democratic
7 James C. Dillon West Peoria 2006 Democratic
8 Phillip Salzer Peoria unknown Democratic
9 Kate Pastucha Peoria Heights 2017 Democratic
10 Rob Reneau Peoria 2018 Democratic
11 Linda E. Daley Peoria 2019 Republican
12 Rachel Reliford Peoria 2018 Republican
13 James Fennell (Vice-Chair) Chillicothe 2010 Republican
14 Brian Elsasser Princeville 1998 Republican
15 Steven B. Rieker Peoria 2016 Republican
16 Matt Windish Brimfield 2016 Republican
17 Jennifer Groves Allison Peoria 2019 Democratic
18 Paul Rosenbohm Peoria 2010 Republican

The County also elects an Auditor, Circuit Clerk, Coroner, County Clerk, Sheriff, State's Attorney, Regional Superintendent, and Treasurer to four-year terms.

Office Current Holder In office since Party
Auditor Jessica Thomas 2018 Democratic
Circuit Clerk Bobby Spears 2002 Democratic
Coroner Jamie Harwood 2016 Democratic
County Clerk Rachael Parker 2019 Democratic
Sheriff Brian Asbell 2017 Republican
State's Attorney Jodi Hoos 2019 Democratic
Regional Superintendent Elizabeth Crider 2014 Democratic
Treasurer Nicole Bjerke 2017 Republican


PoliticsEdit

Prior to 1992, Peoria County usually voted for Republican candidates in presidential elections, only voting for Democratic Party candidates when they won nationally by a landslide. From 1992 onward, the county has backed the Democratic candidate in every presidential election, though never by a margin greater than 10 percent aside from 2008 when Illinoisan Barack Obama won it by nearly 14 points. This relative closeness in results was most evident in 2004 when the county backed John Kerry over George W. Bush by only 70 votes.

Presidential election results
Presidential elections results[20]
Year Republican Democratic Third parties
2016 45.1% 35,633 48.1% 38,060 6.8% 5,409
2012 46.9% 36,774 51.3% 40,209 1.8% 1,428
2008 42.3% 34,579 56.2% 45,906 1.5% 1,219
2004 49.6% 41,051 49.7% 41,121 0.7% 599
2000 47.4% 36,398 50.3% 38,604 2.4% 1,810
1996 41.8% 30,990 50.5% 37,383 7.7% 5,729
1992 37.8% 30,718 46.9% 38,099 15.4% 12,511
1988 51.4% 37,605 48.1% 35,253 0.5% 372
1984 55.0% 45,607 44.4% 36,830 0.6% 462
1980 57.3% 47,815 33.9% 28,276 8.9% 7,419
1976 56.7% 46,526 42.1% 34,606 1.2% 991
1972 64.5% 50,324 34.9% 27,264 0.6% 444
1968 50.0% 37,021 41.8% 30,937 8.3% 6,147
1964 41.3% 33,327 58.7% 47,360 0.0% 0
1960 53.8% 45,529 46.1% 39,061 0.1% 86
1956 62.7% 50,888 37.2% 30,145 0.1% 108
1952 59.1% 49,245 40.7% 33,955 0.2% 139
1948 52.8% 35,018 46.8% 31,026 0.5% 308
1944 50.8% 34,171 48.8% 32,837 0.4% 243
1940 45.2% 34,911 54.4% 42,009 0.4% 301
1936 34.0% 25,425 64.2% 48,063 1.8% 1,377
1932 39.5% 25,166 59.0% 37,605 1.5% 945
1928 56.5% 31,024 42.2% 23,150 1.4% 739
1924 58.6% 25,243 14.7% 6,343 26.7% 11,526
1920 66.0% 24,541 25.4% 9,453 8.6% 3,188
1916 48.4% 18,615 48.7% 18,718 3.0% 1,145
1912 41.9% 9,229 38.0% 8,364 20.1% 4,427
1908 52.5% 10,828 43.1% 8,898 4.4% 909
1904 62.0% 11,868 29.8% 5,697 8.2% 1,570
1900 51.8% 10,700 45.7% 9,433 2.5% 514
1896 52.7% 10,486 45.6% 9,068 1.7% 344
1892 45.6% 7,266 50.6% 8,053 3.8% 605

In Congress, Peoria County is represented by Democrat Cheri Bustos of Illinois's 17th congressional district and Republican Darin LaHood of the Illinois's 18th congressional district

In the Illinois Senate, Peoria County is represented by Republican Chuck Weaver of the 37th Legislative District and Democrat Dave Koehler of the 46th Legislative District. In the Illinois House of Representatives, Peoria County is represented by Republican Ryan Spain of the 73rd Representative District, Republican Mike Unes of the 91st Representative District and Democrat Jehan Gordon-Booth of the 92nd Representative District.

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". US Census Bureau. Archived from the original on June 7, 2011. Retrieved July 8, 2014.
  2. ^ "Peoria County, Illinois".
  3. ^ a b White, Jesse. Origin and Evolution of Illinois Counties. State of Illinois, March 2010. [1]
  4. ^ a b "Population, Housing Units, Area, and Density: 2010 – County". US Census Bureau. Retrieved July 12, 2015.
  5. ^   Ripley, George; Dana, Charles A., eds. (1879). "Peoria, a N. central county of Illinois" . The American Cyclopædia.
  6. ^ a b "Monthly Averages for Peoria IL". The Weather Channel. Retrieved January 27, 2011.
  7. ^ "Peoria County Public and Private Airports". www.tollfreeairline.com. Retrieved April 17, 2018.
  8. ^ "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved June 9, 2017.
  9. ^ "US Decennial Census". US Census Bureau. Retrieved July 8, 2014.
  10. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved July 8, 2014.
  11. ^ "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". US Census Bureau. Retrieved July 8, 2014.
  12. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). US Census Bureau. Retrieved July 8, 2014.
  13. ^ a b c "Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 Demographic Profile Data". US Census Bureau. Retrieved July 12, 2015.
  14. ^ "Selected Social Characteristics in the United States – 2006–2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates". US Census Bureau. Retrieved July 12, 2015.
  15. ^ "Selected Economic Characteristics – 2006–2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates". US Census Bureau. Retrieved July 12, 2015.
  16. ^ Grandview Drive Google Maps (accessed 27 December 2018)
  17. ^ Forest Park Nature Center Google Maps (accessed 27 December 2018)
  18. ^ Peoria Heights Tower Park Google Maps (accessed 27 December 2018)
  19. ^ "County Board | Peoria County, IL". www.peoriacounty.org. Retrieved October 8, 2019.
  20. ^ Leip, David. "Atlas of US Presidential Elections". uselectionatlas.org. Retrieved April 17, 2018. Italic or bold markup not allowed in: |website= (help)

External linksEdit