The People's Prize (Korean: 인민상) is a North Korean arts and sciences award. It is awarded by the People's Prize Awarding Commission, which is working directly under the Cabinet of North Korea. The prize can be granted to works of art or people. People's Prize has been an important award in the field of North Korean cinema.
|Awarded for||Best achievements in creative fields|
|Date||September 8, 1958–present|
|Presented by||People's Prize Awarding Commission|
The works and people that have received the People's Prize cover such varied fields as literature, gymnastics, Korean revolutionary opera, acupuncture and sculpture. The People's Prize has been received by people abroad.
The People's Prize was instituted on 8 September 1958.
The first North Korean feature film My Hometown (1949) was directed by Kang Hongshik. It was the first of a film series to be awarded People's Prize. Kim Il-sung praised many of People's Prize winning movies from 1960s and 1970s of supplying an exhaustive answer to the issue of people's Chajusŏng. The Workers' Party gives the award to those North Korean films and film-makers seen as fulfilling the role of an "excellent textbook" for the workers party.
Some of the works, which did not become recognized as "Immortal classics", did earn People's Prize meant only for the best productions. One such production is a three-part film Five Guerilla Brothers (1968) directed by Choe Ik-gyu, and overseen by Kim Jong-il himself. Other films overseen by Kim to win the People's Prize were A Flowering Village and A Family of Workers (1971). In the case of the A Family of Workers, Kim Jong-il was reportedly not satisfied with the application of the seed theory. However, some of Kim Jong-il's movies, such as Sea of Blood (1968) and Flower girl (1972), became "Immortal classics".
Many of the works to obtain People's Prize are still highly regarded in North Korea. Reminiscences of the Anti-Japanese Guerillas is regarded as classic of literature of the Workers' Party, and was awarded People's Prize in 2012. It is still used in daily ideological study sessions at workplaces, and many of the memoirs have later been made into movies.
People's Prize winner Kim Song-gun's major work Waves of the Sea Kumgang was used as a background for a group photo with Kim Jong-il and Bill Clinton during Clinton's visit to North Korea in 2009. Kim Song-gun received the award for his painting Waves of the Sea Kumgang in 1999.
List of works and people having received the prizeEdit
- A granite sculpture Trumpeter of Advance (awarded in September 1988)
- The Chollima Statue
- Waves of the Sea Kumgang painted by Kim Song-gun (awarded in 1999)
- History (1958)
- Reminiscences of the Anti-Japanese Guerillas (awarded in March 2012)
- Among the People (awarded in April 1992)
- Ever-victorious Workers' Party of Korea (awarded in 2011)
- Korea of Chollima
- Single-minded Unity (awarded in 2011)
- Song of Korea
- The People Sing of Their Leader (awarded in 2011)
- Under the Banner of the Party (awarded in 1980)
- We Will Defend Red Flag Under Leadership of Marshal (awarded in 1996)
- A Family of Workers
- A Red Agitator (awarded in 1962)[page needed]
- Daughter of the Sun (awarded in 1962)[page needed]
- Demarcation Line in the Town (awarded in 1962)[page needed]
- The Flourishing Village
- Five Guerilla Brothers
- Rolling Mill Workers[page needed]
- When Apples Are Picked[page needed]
- Girls at a Port[page needed]
- The Brigade Commander's Former Superior
- My Hometown
- Sea of Blood
- Sunflower (awarded in 1962)[page needed]
- Fate of a Self-defence Corps Man
- The Spinner
- A Worker's Family
- The Flower Girl
- An Chunggun Shoots Ito Hirobumi
- Robert A. Scalapino; Chong-Sik Lee (1972). Communism in Korea: The society. University of California Press. p. 1395. ISBN 978-0-520-02274-4.
- Weiser, Martin (8 January 2016). "Chests Full of Brass: A DPRK Political History in Orders, Medals, Prizes, and Titles". Sino-NK. Retrieved 16 April 2016.
- Lee 2000, pp. 37–42.
- Johannes Schönherr (13 August 2012). North Korean Cinema: A History. McFarland. p. 47. ISBN 978-0-7864-9052-3.
- Bradley K. Martin (1 April 2007). Under the Loving Care of the Fatherly Leader: North Korea and the Kim Dynasty. St. Martin's Press. p. 252. ISBN 978-1-4299-0699-9.
- Cheung, Helier (2 January 2014). "Ten things: North Korea's film industry". BBC. Retrieved 28 July 2015.
- "1965年". Chongryon (in Korean). 2001. Retrieved 12 October 2015.
- "Publication of Books on Greatness of Kim Il Sung and Kim Jong Il Observed". KCNA. 27 March 2012. Archived from the original on 12 October 2014. Retrieved 7 October 2015.
- "Reminiscences of Anti-Japanese Guerrillas, True Textbook of Life". KCNA. 2 February 2006. Archived from the original on 12 October 2014. Retrieved 26 May 2015.
- "Why dictators love kitch". www.nkeconwatch.com. 27 August 2009. Retrieved 7 October 2015.
- "Kim Jong Un Sends Birthday Spreads to Intellectuals". KCNA. 14 September 2015. Archived from the original on 8 September 2017. Retrieved 7 October 2015.
- "Chollima Statue, Symbol of Juche Korea". KCNA. 15 April 2006. Archived from the original on 12 October 2014. Retrieved 7 October 2015.
- "Samjiyon Revolutionary Battle Site". KCNA. April 2000. Archived from the original on 12 October 2014. Retrieved 7 October 2015.
- "KIM Song Gun". galerie son. Retrieved 7 October 2015.
- Myers, Brian (1994). Han Sŏrya and North Korean Literature: The Failure of Socialist Realism in DPRK. Ithaca: East Asia Program, Cornell University. p. 191. ISBN 978-0-939657-84-1. Retrieved 23 June 2015.CS1 maint: ref=harv (link)
- "Book "Among People"(Vol. 100) off Press in DPRK". KCNA. 26 March 2012. Archived from the original on 12 October 2014. Retrieved 7 October 2015.
- "Anniversary of Korean Mass Gymnastics Production Company Marked". KCNA. 10 November 2011. Archived from the original on 12 October 2014. Retrieved 7 October 2015.
- "Mass gymnastic display in Korea". KCNA. 16 June 1988. Archived from the original on 12 October 2014. Retrieved 7 October 2015.
- "Mass gymnastic display production unit 29 years old". KCNA. November 2000. Archived from the original on 30 August 2004. Retrieved 7 October 2015.
- "40th Anniversary of Korean Mass Gymnastics Production Company Celebrated". KCNA. 10 November 2011. Archived from the original on 12 October 2014. Retrieved 7 October 2015.
- David-West, Alzo (2009). "The Literary Ideas of Kim Il Sung and Kim Jong Il: An Introduction to North Korean Meta-Authorial Perspectives" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 23 November 2015. Retrieved 28 July 2015.
- T'ae-u Ko (2015). 북한사 다이제스트 100. Digest 100 series (in Korean). Karam Kihoek. ISBN 9788984353398.
- Lee 2000, p. 37.
- Lee 2000.
- Lee 2000, p. 35.
- Hyangjin Lee (2000). Contemporary Korean Cinema: Culture, Identity and Politics. Manchester University Press. p. 199. ISBN 978-0-7190-6008-3.
- Yonhap News Agency, Seoul (27 December 2002). North Korea Handbook. M.E. Sharpe. p. 948. ISBN 978-0-7656-3523-5.
- "Singer Remaining in Memory of Korean People". KCNA. 28 January 2012. Archived from the original on 12 October 2014. Retrieved 7 October 2015.
- Kim, Bong-han (1962). Editor's note. Great discovery in biology and medicine: substance of Kyungrak. Pyongyang: Foreign Languages Publishing House. p. 4.
- "Meritorious scientist enjoys eternal life". KCNA. 30 September 1999. Archived from the original on 12 October 2014. Retrieved 7 October 2015.
- Lee, Hyangjin (2000). Contemporary Korean Cinema: Culture, Identity and Politics. Manchester: Manchester University Press. ISBN 978-0-7190-6008-3.CS1 maint: ref=harv (link)