People's Court (Bulgaria)

The People's Court (Bulgarian: Народен съд) was a special court of Communist Bulgaria, set up outside the operations of the constitutional frame of law. The court was established after the Bulgarian coup d'état of 1944.

The court verdicts started on 1 February 1945, sentencing to death, with no right of appeal, 3 regents, 8 royal advisors, 22 cabinet ministers, 67 MPs from the 24th Ordinary National Assembly of Bulgaria, and 47 generals and senior army officers. Overall, the Court tried 135 cases with 11,122 accused.[1][2] A total of 9,155 people were sentenced. Of these 2,730 to death, and 1,305 to life sentences. It remains unknown how many executions were carried out.[3]

In 1996, the Supreme Court of the Republic of Bulgaria repealed some of the People's Court sentences due to "lack of evidence".[2] With decision 4/1998 the Constitutional Court of Bulgaria declared the People's Court to be unconstitutional. As a consequence its decisions can be repelled without a review being necessary.

Notable people sentenced by the People's CourtEdit

Sentenced to deathEdit

Other sentencesEdit

RemembranceEdit

As of 2011 by suggestion of two ex-presidents of Bulgaria Zhelyu Zhelev and Petar Stoyanov, February 1 has been marked as the Day of remembrance and a tribute to the memory of the victims of the communist regime.

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "When Bulgaria turned red: Remembering the thousands killed by the communists". Sofiaglobe.com. 29 January 2015. Retrieved 30 July 2017. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  2. ^ a b "1945: The People's Court, terror and political violence". Bnr.bg. Retrieved 2017-07-30. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  3. ^ "Кървавият четвъртък, наречен Народен съд". Capital.bg. Retrieved 30 July 2017. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)