People's Artist

People's Artist is an honorary title in the Soviet Union, Union republics, in some other Eastern bloc states (and communist states in general), as well as in a number of post-Soviet states, modeled after the title of the People's Artist of the USSR.

RussiaEdit

The term is confusingly used to translate two different Russian language titles: "народный артист" (awarded in performing arts, see e.g., Category:People's Artists of the USSR) and "народный художник" (awarded in some visual arts: painting drawing, and photography, see e.g., Category:People's Artists of the USSR (visual arts)). Both titles are awarded for exceptional achievements in the corresponding arts.

Some other arts gave rise special titles: People's Architect, People's Writer, People's Poet.

VietnamEdit

In Vietnam the abbreviation NSND (Nghệ sĩ Nhân dân) is used. This is Vietnam's top artistic award for a living artist – second only to the often posthumous Ho Chi Minh Prize. The youngest ever recipient is the Russian-trained classical pianist Đặng Thái Sơn in 1984. The lesser award of Merited Artist of Vietnam is abbreviated NSƯT.

ChinaEdit

The People's Artist (Chinese: 人民艺术家) is a type of national honorary titles. Currently 6 people are rated as this title:

  1. Lao She, awarded by Beijing Municipality Government in 1951
  2. Qi Baishi, awarded by Ministry of Culture of PRC Central Government in 1953[1]
  3. Chang Xiangyu, awarded posthumously by State Council in 2004[2]
  4. Wang Meng[3]
  5. Qin Yi[3]
  6. Guo Lanying, these three are awarded by SCNPC in 2019[3]

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Wang Weimin (1997). "中国人民杰出的艺术家──纪念齐白石大师逝世40周年". Yinshan Xuekan (3): 48-50.
  2. ^ State Council of the People's Republic of China. "国务院关于追授常香玉同志 "人民艺术家"荣誉称号的决定". www.gov.cn. Retrieved 2020-04-03.
  3. ^ a b c Xinhua News Agency. "国家主席习近平签署主席令 在庆祝中华人民共和国成立70周年之际授予42人国家勋章和国家荣誉称号". Xinhua Net. Archived from the original on 2019-09-29. Retrieved 2020-04-03.