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Pentonville is an area on the northern fringe of Central London, in the London Borough of Islington. It is located 1.75 miles (2.82 km) north-northeast of Charing Cross on the Inner Ring Road. Pentonville developed in the northwestern edge of the ancient parish of Clerkenwell on the New Road. It is named from Henry Penton, the developer of the area.

Pentonville
Pentonville is located in Greater London
Pentonville
Pentonville
Location within Greater London
OS grid referenceTQ315835
• Charing Cross1.75 mi (2.8 km) SSW
London borough
Ceremonial countyGreater London
Region
CountryEngland
Sovereign stateUnited Kingdom
Post townLONDON
Postcode districtN1
Dialling code020
PoliceMetropolitan
FireLondon
AmbulanceLondon
EU ParliamentLondon
UK Parliament
London Assembly
List of places
UK
England
London
51°31′55″N 0°06′50″W / 51.532°N 0.114°W / 51.532; -0.114Coordinates: 51°31′55″N 0°06′50″W / 51.532°N 0.114°W / 51.532; -0.114

Contents

HistoryEdit

 
A map showing Pentonville ward of Finsbury Metropolitan Borough as it appeared in 1952.

The area is named after Henry Penton, who developed a number of streets in the 1770s in what was open countryside adjacent to the New Road.[1] Pentonville was part of the ancient parish of Clerkenwell, and was incorporated into the Metropolitan Borough of Finsbury by the London Government Act 1899. It has been part of the London Borough of Islington since 1965.

Pentonville is the birthplace of John Stuart Mill (1806) and Forbes Benignus Winslow (1810), the noted psychiatrist. In 1902 Vladimir Lenin and his wife lived just off Pentonville Road, and it was at this time that he first met his fellow exile Leon Trotsky.

GeographyEdit

Nearby places include Islington, St. Pancras and Finsbury.

Pentonville is not the location of HM Prison Pentonville, which is located on Caledonian Road, some distance north in Barnsbury.

TransportEdit

The closest tube station is Angel.

CultureEdit

"Pentonville" is a track on the Babyshambles album Down in Albion.

Mr Brownlow, the gentleman whose books were stolen in Oliver Twist, lived in "a quiet shady street near Pentonville" in the novel and most film versions. However, in the musical adaptation, Oliver!, he lives in Bloomsbury Square.

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Pevsner, Nikolaus (1952). London except the Cities of London and Westminster. The Buildings of England. Harmondsworth: Penguin Books. pp. 232–233.