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Penticton is a city in the Okanagan Valley of the Southern Interior of British Columbia, Canada, situated between Okanagan and Skaha lakes. In 2016, its population was 33,761, while its census agglomeration population was 43,432.
|The Corporation of the City of Penticton|
Penticton waterfront and the SS Sicamous at night
The Peach City
A Place to Stay Forever
December 31, 1908
|• City||May 10, 1948|
|• Mayor||John Vassilaki|
|• Council||Penticton City Council|
|• MPs||Richard Cannings|
|• MLAs||Dan Ashton|
|• City||42.10 km2 (16.25 sq mi)|
|• Metro||1,724.95 km2 (666.01 sq mi)|
|Elevation||385 m (1,263 ft)|
|• Metro||43,432 (68th)|
|Time zone||UTC−8 (PST)|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC−7 (DST)|
|Forward sortation area|
|Area code(s)||250, 778, 236|
|Waterways||Okanagan Lake, Okanagan River, Skaha Lake|
The name Penticton is derived from a word in the Okanagan language. It is conventionally translated as "a place to stay forever" but is actually a reference to the year-round flow of Okanagan Lake through Penticton where it enters Skaha Lake. Differing accounts of the meaning are given in the British Columbia Geographical Names Information System entry for the city:
"Place where water passes beyond." (information from Isaac Harris, published in Vernon News, July 18, 1918); compare with: "Derived from the Okanagan dialect of the Salish tribe, the word Pen-tak-tin meaning 'a place of permanent abode where waters pass by'." (50th Anniversary booklet of Penticton, 1958)
From the Indian name Pente-hik-ton, "ever" or "forever", referring to the constant, steady flow of the Okanagan River out of the lake.... applied by the Indians to the locality at the outlet of the lake, meaning that the stream ran on ever, or forever, in contrast to other streams which dried up during the summer (6th Report of the Okanagan Historical Society); compare with: "Derives from the Okanagan word Sin-peen-tick-tin, loosely translatable as 'permanent place'." (c1980 advice from Randy Bouchard, BC Indian Language Project).
The site of the city was first settled by the Okanagan people, of the Interior Salish language group, who initially named the community Phthauntac, meaning the "ideal meeting place", followed by Penticton, meaning a "place to stay forever", or officially "a place where people live year-round" in the Okanagan language. They settled around the city's two lakes: Skaha Lake and Okanagan Lake; the former was originally known as Dog Lake. Their descendants are based at the Penticton Indian Band, a First Nations government part of the Okanagan Nation Alliance situated near Penticton.
In 1866, Irishman Thomas Ellis and his family traveled to Penticton, and became the first white settlers. He started to develop a community by building a cattle empire, and planting fruit trees. The Penticton Hotel was established in 1892 by Ellis, who positioned it around the local government area, and its first road: Front Street. The sidewalks on the street were made from wood, with coal oil lamps being introduced to the sidewalk. Ellis and his relatives retired in 1892, and sold a portion of their land to property dealers. Around this time, a number of European fur traders traveled through Penticton and the surrounding communities.
The sternwheeler S.S. Aberdeen, which began service on Okanagan Lake in 1892, meant that more services could be shipped to the area. A group of residents formed their own local public government board for the community, by 1907, in the hopes of promoting the area. It was referred to as the Board of Trade, who attempted to specialize in arts, commerce, education, and recreation. Another sternwheeler was launched that same year, the S.S. Okanagan, for use on Okanagan Lake, while other sternwheelers served Penticton and other communities on Skaha Lake.
Penticton was incorporated as a district municipality on December 31, 1908. Shortly after the district was incorporated, the fruit trees planted by Ellis, many of them apple trees, started to grow. Residents of the area packed fruit in boxes, so they could distribute it worldwide. In 1912, the Canadian Pacific Railway (CPR) developed the Incola Hotel for the city, which operated for approximately 70 years.
During World War I, the S.S. Sicamous came to the community, while the Kettle Valley Railway train service began operating, by moving specific passengers. In 1949, Penticton purchased the ship from the Canadian Pacific Railway. The Penticton Regional Airport was developed during World War II due to wartime military air transportation concerns, which acted as an emergency landing strip until its tarmac was completed. Its land was expropriated from the Penticton Indian Band in 1949 under the War Measures Act.
In 1948, a provincial highway opened between Hope and Princeton, which allowed access to Penticton, and created competition for the Kettle Valley Railway; headquarters for the railway were chosen to be in Penticton, in 1910, but the location burnt down in 1964. Much of the railroad's original route has been converted to a multi-use recreational trail, known as the Kettle Valley Rail Trail, which carries the Trans-Canada Trail through this part of British Columbia. It was incorporated as a city on May 10, 1948, with the governor general of Canada declaring this. Reeve Robert Lyon served Penticton as the first mayor, while Lord Alexander was made a freeman of the city.
Penticton hosts many events annually, among them the Super League Penticton Triathlon, the Valley First Granfondo Axel Merckx Okanagan, the Okanagan Wine Festival, the Okanagan Children's Festival, Fest-of-Ale BC, the Penticton Peach Festival (commonly known as "Peachfest"), the Miss Penticton Pageant, which takes place during the Penticton Peach Festival, the Pentastic Hot Jazz Festival, the Peach City Beach Cruise, and the Elvis Festival, which was featured in the Summer 2006 issue of British Columbia Magazine. Penticton was home to the Ironman Canada race from 1983 until 2012.
Penticton offers many kinds of recreation, including skiing at the Apex Mountain Resort ski area; boating and fishing on Skaha Lake and Okanagan Lake, golfing on the area's many courses, hiking and biking the Kettle Valley Railway Trail, and rock climbing at Skaha Bluffs. In the summer many people enjoy floating down the river channel that connects Okanagan Lake and Skaha Lake. It is home to the BCHL hockey team Penticton Vees who play throughout the winter season, and the PCSL soccer team Penticton Pinnacles, who play May–July.
Completed in 2011, the Penticton Community Centre is a modern facility with many health, fitness and recreation options:
- A 10-lane, 25-meter square lap pool, leisure pool with a lazy river and spray features, waterslide, large whirlpool, zero-entry ramps in to all three pools, sauna and steam room
- Fitness room and programs
- Multi purpose program rooms
- Dance studio
- Cleland Theatre
The Penticton Community Centre is located at 325 Power Street.
In September 2006, Penticton residents voted 80.3% in favour of the construction of the South Okanagan Events Centre (SOEC). The $73 million arena, sports complex and convention centre is the home of the BCHL's Penticton Vees, named in honour of the senior hockey team that won the 1955 Ice Hockey World Championships against Russia. The SOEC also serves as a summer or early fall training facility for the Vancouver Canucks. It has boosted the city's convention market and is a popular venue for concert tours and other special events. Notable shows hosted at the SOEC in recent years have been Rihanna, Ringo's All Star Band, Def Leppard, CArrei Underwood and several Cirque du Soleil shows.
From May–October, outdoor markets fill the downtown section of Main St. Two markets, the Downtown Community Market and the [http://pentictonfarmersmarket.org/ Penticton Farmers Market combine to form one of the largest outdoor market events in BC. Visitors come from all around for this Saturday event which sees about 8,000 visitors at its peak in July–August.
The Penticton Art Gallery (formerly the Art Gallery of the South Okanagan) is a registered not-for-profit charitable organization. Exhibits feature international and local artists, and the gallery offers art workshops and seasonal events. During the winter holidays, there is a special "art under $500" event.
Penticton is the hub of wine tourism in the Okanagan Valley, with 120 wineries within an hour's drive and over 40 wineries within city limits. Craft beer, distilled spirits, and cider are also widely manufactured. Penticton is known for its early involvement in the craft brewing movement and is a featured route in BC Ale Trails.
Penticton is located at the geographical coordinates of Okanagan Lake to the north and Skaha Lake to the south; these lakes are part of the drainage system of the Okanagan River, a tributary of the Columbia River. Its borders are formed by Skaha Lake Road to the south and west, which changes to Highway 97 after city limits, Naramata Road to the east, and to the west, Highway 97. Penticton has an elevation of 385 metres (1,263 ft), and is situated five hours from Seattle, Washington, or Vancouver, British Columbia, and eight hours from Calgary, Alberta, by highway.and covers an area of 42.10 square kilometres (16.25 sq mi), with a maximum north-south distance of 7 kilometres (4.3 mi) wide between the
Penticton is the largest city by area and population in the Okanagan-Similkameen Regional District, which is part of the Okanagan as a whole, for which the city is the third largest in the region. It is the 21st largest settlement in British Columbia itself by population, while its metropolitan area, including the city plus Okanagan-Similkameen Electoral Area D, serves as the 71st largest in Canada; by area, Penticton ranks 20th in its province; statistics are based on the Canada 2011 Census. It lies at the south bottom of Okanagan Lake, and north beginning of Skaha Lake. Between Okanagan Lake and Skaha Lake are a number of residential areas, farms, which grow orchard and wine products.
Pine and fir are commonly found in the mountains and high country around Penticton, which include the Okanagan Highland, and to its east, the Monashee Mountains. Apex Mountain Resort, which sits 33 kilometres (21 mi) west of the city on the Thompson Plateau, is home to the tallest mountain peak in the Penticton area; ski services are offered. The Okanagan Highland is an intermediary plateau-like hilly country between the Okanagan Valley and the Monashee Mountains.
|Climate chart (explanation)|
Penticton has a cold semi-arid climate (BSk) bordering on a hot semi-arid climate (BSh), warm-summer humid continental climate (Dfb), and hot-summer humid continental climate (Dfa), with low precipitation, hot summer days with cool nights, and moderately cool, mostly cloudy winters. With 346.0 mm (13.62 in) of annual precipitation, Penticton is the fourth driest city in Canada. It averages 58.7 cm (23.1 in) of snowfall per year.
The high daytime temperatures throughout the summer means that Penticton has on average the second most number of days in a year over 30 °C (86.0 °F) (after Kamloops) and the city has the lowest amount of fog in Canada. Penticton experiences 1,923 sunshine hours annually, lower than one might expect in a dry climate. This is the result of temperature inversions during the winter that leave a layer of cloud cover at the top of the valley where warm moist air collides with the cooler dry air that fills the valley. During December and January, Penticton is one of the cloudiest places in Canada. By contrast, the summer months are some of the most cloud-free in Canada. Overall the sun shines for 39 percent of daylight hours, varying between a low of 13 percent in December and January to 63 percent in August.
Mean relative humidity hovers between 63–77 percent in the morning throughout the year, but afternoon mean relative humidity is more uneven, ranging from 36 percent in July to 69 percent in January and December. The local and upcoming weather of Penticton is observed at the Penticton Regional Airport by Environment Canada. It typically experiences four distinct seasons annually, having hot summers, relatively mild winters, and little snow, according to the British Columbia government based on statistics from Environment Canada. Despite having a mild winter, Penticton often sees moderate stretches of below freezing weather, typically confined to December and January.
|Climate data for Penticton Regional Airport, 1981−2010 normals, extremes 1907−present[a]|
|Record high humidex||14.1||15.9||21.1||29.4||34.7||40.3||42.1||41.1||36.2||27.1||18.9||14.1||42.1|
|Record high °C (°F)||15.7
|Average high °C (°F)||1.8
|Daily mean °C (°F)||−0.6
|Average low °C (°F)||−3.0
|Record low °C (°F)||−26.7
|Record low wind chill||−32.6||−34.0||−27.8||−9.4||−10.1||—||—||—||−6.0||−21.2||−34.0||−39.7||−39.7|
|Average precipitation mm (inches)||26.9
|Average rainfall mm (inches)||12.6
|Average snowfall cm (inches)||18.3
|Average precipitation days (≥ 0.2 mm)||12.6||9.8||9.6||9.2||10.7||10.6||7.8||6.9||7.0||9.5||12.1||13.4||119.2|
|Average rainy days (≥ 0.2 mm)||6.5||6.6||8.6||9.0||10.7||10.6||7.8||6.9||7.0||9.5||9.9||5.5||98.7|
|Average snowy days (≥ 0.2 cm)||7.7||4.1||1.6||0.43||0.0||0.0||0.0||0.0||0.0||0.03||2.9||9.6||26.4|
|Average relative humidity (%)||71.2||61.8||48.7||39.9||39.2||39.2||35.1||35.8||41.4||52.0||65.5||71.0||50.1|
|Mean monthly sunshine hours||35.0||81.4||144.3||189.7||234.3||237.3||287.9||279.7||212.3||135.0||53.0||33.7||1,923.3|
|Percent possible sunshine||13.0||28.6||39.2||46.1||49.3||48.8||58.7||62.6||56.0||40.3||19.3||13.2||39.6|
|Source: Environment Canada|
|Canada 2016 Census||Population||%of total population|
|Visible Minority Population|
|Total visible minority population||2,270|
|Visible minority, not included elsewhere||25|
|Multiple visible minorities||75|
|Aboriginal Population||First Nations (North American Indian)||920|
|Aboriginal responses not included elsewhere||15|
|Not a visible minority||30,220|
|Total population in private households||32,490|
|Sources: Statistics Canada|
|Canada 2006 Census||Population||% of total population|
|Visible minority group
|Other visible minority||20||0.1%|
|Mixed visible minority||65||0.2%|
|Total visible minority population||1,890||6%|
|Total Aboriginal population||990||3.2%|
|Not a visible minority||28,510||90.8%|
According to SkyscraperPage, there are eight notable buildings in Penticton, the largest of which are the Lakeshore buildings, which are 15 floors, with the building's construction by concrete completing in 2008. The building is associated with an engineering organization, construction company, and real estate agency, but was made for residential use. At ten stories each, The Athens Creek Tower and Alysen Place are tied for Penticton's second-tallest building. The third-largest building, Cherry Lane Towers, is eight floors, and is also residential.
Due to its warm climate, the city has a diverse array of public spaces, from parks to hiking trails. It is home to ten public parks, including Gyro Park, Lakawanna Park, Marina Way Park, Okanagan Lake Park, Penticton Youth Park, Rose Garden, Rotary Centennial Pavilion, Rotary Park, Skaha Lake Park, and Munson Mountain. There are also seven beaches situated in the city, including Okanagan Lake Beach, Skaha Lake Beach, Airport Beach, Marina Way Beach, Okanagan Lake Park Beach, Sudbury Beach, and Three Mile Beach.
The larger metropolitan area contains the Okanagan Falls Provincial Park, located in the unincorporated community Okanagan Falls. Penticton maintains a policy on dogs that are allowed at parks or beaches. Other public spaces include trails, such as part of the Trans Canada Trail, and Kettle Valley Railway; the former was formed throughout Canada, while the latter runs through Penticton and nearby city Kelowna. Rock climbing area Skaha Bluffs is located south of city centre on a hillside above the Skaha Lake in the Skaha Bluffs Provincial Park. With over 1,200 documented routes, it is the second most popular rock climbing area in British Columbia, after the Smoke Bluffs in Squamish.
Penticton is served by School District 67 Okanagan Skaha, a school district with education institutions also based in nearby communities Naramata, Kaleden, and Summerland; its head office is held in Penticton itself. The district administers children from kindergarten to grade 12 locally, those of which are between kindergarten to grade five attend elementary schools, while children in grades between grade six to eight attend middle schools; ninth to 12th graders are served by secondary schools. School District 67 Okanagan Skaha currently maintains 11 elementary schools, four middle schools, and three secondary schools. On June 30, 2016, School District 67 will be closing both McNicoll Park Middle School, and West Bench Elementary School. During the 2016/2017 school year School District 67 will operate 10 elementary schools, 3 middle schools, and 3 high schools.
The Conseil scolaire francophone de la Colombie-Britannique operates two Francophone schools: école Entre-lacs primary school and the école secondaire de Penticton.
The city is home to a Sprott Shaw College campus, and an Okanagan College campus, the latter of which, in 2010, had an enrollment of 610. It also contains the Okanagan Hockey School, which has had partnerships with professional hockey teams, such as the Vancouver Canucks.
The Penticton Public Library was founded in 1909, from 1948 to 1968 it was a part of the Okanagan Regional Library. In 1968 a successful referendum separated the library from the Okanagan Regional Library.
The city hosts games played by ice hockey teams Penticton Vees, a junior "A" team in the British Columbia Hockey League, and one of the most successful Junior A teams in Canadian history. (BCHL), The city formerly hosted the Penticton Lakers, a junior "B" team in the Kootenay International Junior Hockey League (KIJHL). The Vees play at the South Okanagan Events Centre, while the latter played in the arena of the neighboring Okanagan Hockey School. The former were founded in 1961, and have won the Doyle Cup, and Royal Bank Cup, while the latter were established in 2009. The Penticton Upperdeck Vees are also a junior ice hockey that were founded in 2008, and also play at the South Okanagan Events Centre; people who have special needs are part of the team's squad, which is in the Special Needs Hockey League (SNHL).
The Penticton Pinnacles are a soccer team that were established in 1997 that play at the Kings Park for the Pacific Coast Soccer League (PCSL), the Penticton Pistoleras, a local roller derby team part of the South Okanagan Roller Derby Association, and Penticton Harlequins, a local rugby team in the British Columbia Rugby Union, also play tournaments for the city; the South Okanagan Event Centre serves as both of their venues.
Beside team sports, the city hosted the 2010 British Columbia Scotties Tournament of Hearts, 2010 World Junior A Challenge, 2013 Continental Cup of Curling., the 2016 BC Winter Games, the 2017 International Triathlon Union Multisport World Championships and the 2018 Curling Canada's Scotties Tournament of Hearts.
Mass local transit in Penticton and Okanagan-Similkameen is offered by the Penticton Transit System under the BC Transit label, operating on six routes. There is also a service for people who are unable to use regular transit, HandyDART. The bus transportation system is funded by Penticton, Okanagan-Similkameen, and BC Transit. Its services are provided to points of interest, such as the Cherry Lane Shopping Centre Downtown Penticton. as well as traversing the distance lake to lake.
A number of parks and recreation transportation services are offered in the city, including trails, such as part of the Trans Canada Trail, and Kettle Valley Railway; the former runs through Canada, while the latter runs through Penticton, and Kelowna. Headquarters for the trail was chosen to be in Penticton in 1910, but the location burnt down in 1964. The city has access to transportation corridors running north, south, east, and west, while the Highway 97 can also be accessed.
It is served by the Penticton Airport, a regional airport located 1.8 nautical miles (3.3 km; 2.1 mi) southwest of city centre. In 2018 a $6million upgrade to the facility was initiated to expand the departure and arrivals lounges as well as increase capacity for managing passenger flow. Although it has historically provided flights to several destinations, the airport currently offers flights to the Vancouver International Airport, which are provided by Air Canada Express; these services are provided three to four times daily, while the exception of Sunday, when two flights are available. WestJet Encore flies twice daily to its Calgary hub. The city is also home to the Penticton Water Aerodrome (TC LID: CAH8), a water aerodrome situated adjacent to the Penticton Airport and is home base to HNZ Topflight, an advanced helicopter flight training school operated by HNZ.
- Andy Bell, pro freestyle motocross champion, host of MTV's Nitro Circus
- George Bowering, poet, first ever Canadian Parliamentary Poet Laureate
- Tyler Breeze, professional wrestler
- Layla Claire, soprano
- Thomas Ellis, the first European settler in the area in 1866
- Brett Hull, NHL hockey player, graduate of Penticton High School
- Paul Kariya, retired NHL player, graduate of Penticton Secondary School
- Duncan Keith, NHL hockey player, graduate of Penticton Secondary School
- Alan Kerr, hockey player
- Shane Koyczan, spoken word poet
- Spencer Krug, musician from the band Wolf Parade
- Richard H. Leir, chief of maritime operations for the Canadian navy.
- Ivan McLelland, Penticton Vees player and 1955 IIHF World Hockey Champion
- Andy Moog, hockey player
- Brendan Morrison, NHL hockey player, graduate of Penticton High School
- Terry David Mulligan, actor and television personality
- Michael Musclow, musician
- Bob Nicholson, CEO of the Edmonton Oilers
- Cameron Phillips, radio broadcaster
- Justin Pogge, hockey player
- Mike Reno, musician from the band Loverboy
- Mark Allan Robinson, political activist
- Alexis Smith, actress
- Blake Wesley, hockey player
In early 1975, residents of the Penticton area traveled to Japan, in order to search for business opportunities. They met Kaneyasa Marutani, the mayor of Ikeda, Hokkaido, a town in the Nakagawa regional district of Japan. He claimed that the town was proposing a sister city relationship, and stated that Penticton was a reasonable option, due to its similarities with winery production, cattle industry, and geographic features. Later that year, residents of the Ikeda area toured Penticton and met with the government of Penticton, reaching a decision to become a sister city in 1977.
Since 1977, Penticton has served as a sister city of Ikeda. The relationship is one of the oldest in Canada, with a number of residents having exchanged visits to the respective locations annually. In 1993, there was consideration for building a Japanese garden in Penticton, in order to honor their agreement, with the garden's construction beginning in 1997. It is known as the Penticton–Ikeda Japanese Garden.
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- Kidd, Steve (November 1, 2012). "Penticton lobbies Air Canada for Calgary service". Penticton Western News. Retrieved January 2, 2012.
- "Penticton Regional Airport". Penticton Regional Airport. Retrieved November 22, 2012. Note: Information is listed under the arrivals and departures headings.
- Nav Canada's Water Aerodrome Supplement. Effective 0901Z 7 March 2013 to 0901Z 3 April 2014
- "About Us". Penticton–Ikeda Sister City Society. Retrieved January 7, 2012.
- "Ikeda – Our Sister City". Penticton. Retrieved January 7, 2012.
- Climate data was recorded at Penticton from April 1907 to March 1941 and at Penticton Airport from April 1941 to present.
- Breese-Biagioni, Janelle (June 1, 1998). Penticton, British Columbia: Silhouette of Four Seasons. Penticton: Penticton. ISBN 9780969844952.
- McGrath, T.M. (1992). History of Canadian Airports. Toronto: Transport Canada, Government of Canada. ISBN 9780921633112.
- Langford, Dan; Langford, Sandra (March 1, 2002). Cycling Kettle Valley. Penticton: Rocky Mountain Books. ISBN 978-0921102885.