Penrith railway station

Penrith North Lakes (also shortened to Penrith) is a railway station on the West Coast Main Line, which runs between London Euston and Edinburgh Waverley or Glasgow Central. The station, situated 17 miles 69 chains (28.7 km) south of Carlisle, serves the market town of Penrith, Eden in Cumbria, England. It is owned by Network Rail and managed by Avanti West Coast.

Penrith

Penrith North Lakes
National Rail
2019 at Penrith station - footbridge.JPG
General information
LocationPenrith, Eden
England
Coordinates54°39′43″N 2°45′31″W / 54.6618860°N 2.7586794°W / 54.6618860; -2.7586794Coordinates: 54°39′43″N 2°45′31″W / 54.6618860°N 2.7586794°W / 54.6618860; -2.7586794
Grid referenceNY511299
Owned byNetwork Rail
Managed byAvanti West Coast
Platforms3
Tracks3
Other information
Station codePNR
ClassificationDfT category D
History
Original companyLancaster and Carlisle Railway
Pre-groupingLondon and North Western Railway
Post-grouping
Key dates
17 December 1846Opened as Penrith
1904Renamed Penrith for Ullswater Lake
6 May 1974Renamed Penrith
18 May 2003Renamed Penrith North Lakes
Passengers
2016/17Increase 0.547 million
2017/18Increase 0.566 million
2018/19Increase 0.592 million
 Interchange  0.223 million
2019/20Increase 0.610 million
 Interchange Decrease 0.222 million
2020/21Decrease 0.147 million
 Interchange Decrease 19,295
Listed Building – Grade II
FeatureOriginal Lancaster and Carlisle Railway station buildings
Designated9 February 1983
Reference no.1326905[1]
Location
Penrith is located in Eden
Penrith
Penrith
Location in Eden, Cumbria
Penrith is located in Cumbria
Penrith
Penrith
Location in Cumbria, England
Notes
Passenger statistics from the Office of Rail and Road

BackgroundEdit

 
A 1903 Railway Clearing House map, showing railway lines in the vicinity of Penrith.
 
A British Rail Class 87 passing through the station, heading south towards London Euston in August 1974.

The station was built by the Lancaster and Carlisle Railway, and opened on 17 December 1846.[2] The station was designed by Sir William Tite, designer of a number of early railway stations in Britain, including neighbouring Carlisle (Citadel), as well as Carnforth and Lancaster (Castle). It is recorded in the National Heritage List for England as a designated Grade II listed building.[3]

An 1863 Ordnance Survey plan shows refreshment facilities in the large room seen to the right on entering the building, but this is now used for storage.[4]

Although the station is now relatively quiet, at one time it served as the terminus of the Cockermouth, Keswick and Penrith Railway and the North Eastern Railway's Eden Valley branch. The latter joined with the South Durham and Lancashire Union Railway at Kirkby Stephen, providing connections to the East Coast Main Line at Darlington. In the mid-nineteenth century, there was a plan to connect Penrith to the lead mines at Caldbeck by rail, eventually joining up with the Cumbrian Coast Line near Wigton.

Passenger services to Darlington and Kirkby Stephen were withdrawn on 22 January 1962, whilst those to Workington via Cockermouth fell victim to the Beeching Axe around four years later. The surviving section of the of the Cockermouth, Keswick and Penrith Railway as far as Keswick survived until 6 March 1972. There have recently been plans to re-open the line as far as Keswick, but there have been no further developments to progress this at present.[5][6][7]

The station was the last in the United Kingdom where mail was collected by a moving train, the practice finally coming to an end on 3 October 1971.[8][9]

Opened as Penrith, the station was renamed Penrith for Ullswater Lake in 1904.[2] The station's name reverted to the original Penrith on 6 May 1974.[2][10] It has since been renamed Penrith North Lakes on 18 May 2003.

FacilitiesEdit

 
A TransPennine Express Class 350 Desiro, seen operating a service to Manchester Airport in September 2019.

The station is staffed throughout the day, with the ticket office open from 05:30–19:00 Monday to Saturday and 11:30–19:00 on Sunday. A self-service ticket machine is also available. Each platform has next train audio-visual displays, with customer help points on platforms 1 and 2 (platform 3 is rarely used). Waiting rooms are provided on platforms 1 and 2, along with toilets, a post box and a payphone. Step-free access is available to all platforms via lifts, with a footbridge and subway also available.[11]

ServicesEdit

Avanti West CoastEdit

Following the December 2021 timetable change, Avanti West Coast operate 11 trains per day heading south towards London Euston via Birmingham New Street (nine trains per day on Saturday and six trains per day on Sunday). A single evening service operates to Crewe on weekdays, with two trains to Birmingham New Street on Saturday, and a once-daily service on Sunday. Heading north, there are 11 trains per day (nine trains per day on Saturday and eight on Sunday) towards Glasgow Central via Carlisle, as well as four trains per day (three trains per day on Saturday) towards Edinburgh Waverley via Carlisle.[12]

Rolling stock used: Class 390 Pendolino

TransPennine ExpressEdit

Following the December 2021 timetable change, TransPennine Express operate nine trains per day heading north towards Glasgow Central via Carlisle (seven trains per day on Sunday), as well as three trains per day to Edinburgh Waverley via Carlisle. Heading south, there are 15 trains per day to Manchester Airport (11 trains per day on Sunday), with a once-daily service to Liverpool Lime Street.[13]

Rolling stock used: Class 397 Civity

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Historic England. "Penrith railway station (Grade II) (1326905)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 27 November 2021.
  2. ^ a b c Butt, R.V.J. (1995). The Directory of Railway Stations. Yeovil: Patrick Stephens Ltd. p. 183. ISBN 1-85260-508-1. R508.
  3. ^ Historic England. "Penrith railway station (Grade II) (1326905)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 27 November 2021.
  4. ^ Ordnance Plan of the town of Penrith (10.56 feet to one mile), 1863, British Library shelfmark O.S.T.(11)
  5. ^ Parsons, Emily (1 June 2020). "Plans to reinstate railways take step forward". In Cumbria. Retrieved 27 November 2021.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: url-status (link)
  6. ^ Lytollis, Roger (24 February 2019). "Penrith to Keswick rail line should reopen, says Lake District National Park chairman". News and Star. Retrieved 27 November 2021.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: url-status (link)
  7. ^ "Trains back on track to return to Keswick after 48 years says railway campaigner". Keswick Reminder. 11 June 2020. Retrieved 27 November 2021.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: url-status (link)
  8. ^ "End of the line for mail trains". BBC. January 2004. Retrieved 27 November 2021.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: url-status (link)
  9. ^ "News of the Month". Railway World. Vol. 32, no. 379. Shepperton: Ian Allan. December 1971. p. 514.
  10. ^ Slater, J.N., ed. (July 1974). "Notes and News: Stations renamed by LMR". Railway Magazine. London: IPC Transport Press Ltd. 120 (879): 363. ISSN 0033-8923.
  11. ^ "Station facilities for Penrith (North Lakes)". National Rail. Retrieved 27 November 2021.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: url-status (link)
  12. ^ "Train times: All Avanti West Coast routes to and from London Euston" (PDF). Avanti West Coast. 12 December 2021. Retrieved 27 November 2020.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: url-status (link)
  13. ^ "Train times: Manchester and Liverpool to Carlisle, Glasgow and Edinburgh". TransPennine Express. 12 December 2021. Retrieved 27 November 2021.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: url-status (link)

External linksEdit

Preceding station   National Rail Following station
Lancaster   Avanti West Coast
West Coast Main Line
  Carlisle
Oxenholme Lake District    
Preston    
Lancaster   TransPennine Express
West Coast Main Line
  Carlisle
Oxenholme Lake District    
Preston    
Disused railways
Blencow   Cockermouth, Keswick and Penrith Railway   Terminus
Terminus   Eden Valley Railway   Clifton Moor
  Historical railways  
Clifton and Lowther   London and North Western Railway
Lancaster and Carlisle Railway
  Plumpton