The Pennsylvania Company, later known publicly as the Pennsylvania Lines (west of Pittsburgh) was a major holding company. It included the Pittsburgh, Fort Wayne and Chicago Railway, the PRR's main route to Chicago. It also owned but did not operate the Pittsburgh, Cincinnati, Chicago and St. Louis Railroad (Pan Handle Route), another line to Chicago. It merged back into the Pennsylvania Railroad in 1918.

Pennsylvania Company
Lines operated by the Pennsylvania Company just before its demise in 1918
Reporting markPRR
LocalePittsburgh, PA to Chicago, IL
Dates of operationApril 1, 1871–January 1, 1918
SuccessorPennsylvania Railroad
Track gauge4 ft 8+12 in (1,435 mm) standard gauge

History edit

The Pennsylvania Company was incorporated April 7, 1870 in Pennsylvania as a holding company with a broad charter.[1] It was organized June 1, with president William Thaw of the PRR. Tom Scott replaced Thaw as the president January 20, 1871. On April 1 of that year the company began operating several railroads; others were acquired later.

The Pennsylvania Company operated the Erie Canal of Pennsylvania from September 16, 1870, to February 4, 1871.

On January 1, 1918, soon after the United States Railroad Administration took over all U.S. railroads, all Pennsylvania Company leases were transferred to the PRR. On March 1, 1920, when the lines were returned to the PRR, they were separated into four regions - the Eastern Region, Central Region, Northwestern Region and Southwestern Region.

The Pennsylvania Company, however, stayed around as a holding company, and was reincorporated in Delaware on December 12, 1958, and reorganized on December 16. Its new purpose was to diversify into real estate and other fields, and the company lasted through the 1968 PRR merger into Penn Central Transportation.

In 1973 or 1974 several subsidiaries were created - the Pennrec Company for theme park investments (including Six Flags Great Adventure and Stars Hall of Fame), the Penn Orlando Company, and Penn Arlington, Inc. (which bought Six Flags Over Texas from the Great Southwest Corporation).

References edit

  1. ^ Montague, Gilbert Holland (1902). "The Ride and Supremacy of the Standard Oil Company". The Quarterly Journal of Economics. 16 (2): 262–292 – via JSTOR.

External links edit