Penistone and Stocksbridge (UK Parliament constituency)
|Penistone and Stocksbridge|
for the House of Commons
Boundary of Penistone and Stocksbridge in South Yorkshire.
Location of South Yorkshire within England.
|Electorate||69,133 (December 2010)|
|Major settlements||Stocksbridge, Penistone|
|Member of Parliament||Angela Smith (The Independents)|
|Number of members||One|
|Created from||Sheffield Hillsborough (part) (still extant)|
Barnsley West and Penistone (part)
|European Parliament constituency||Yorkshire and the Humber|
Penistone and Stocksbridge is a constituency[n 1] in the House of Commons of the UK Parliament represented since its creation in 2010 by Angela Smith. As with all constituencies, adults qualifying to vote in the seat (its electorate) elect one Member of Parliament (MP) by the first past the post system of election at least every five years.
The seat largely resembles the old Penistone Constituency, which, following the election of a Conservative in the Conservative landslide in 1931, returned MPs representing the Labour Party through to its abolition in 1983.
The 2010 result was that of a marginal Labour majority. In 2015, the Labour majority increased, partly due to a split right-wing vote between the Conservatives and UKIP, while the Liberal Democrats vote decline largely benefited Labour in the seat.
When the UKIP vote declined in 2017, with a large amount of those voters going to the Conservatives causing a swing of almost 6% against Labour, the seat became extremely marginal. It would take a swing of less than 2% for the Conservatives to take it in the future and would give them their first seat in South Yorkshire since before the 1997 general election.
The seat is most heavily populated on its eastern fringe, with communities built largely on the coal and steel industries, such as the ex-mining village of Dodworth and the steelworking town of Stocksbridge. Penistone too has a history of steelworking at the David Brown and high-tech foundries although many local people are or have been employed at the Hepworth pipeworks (formerly Hepworth Iron Co./Hepworth Building Products) which specialises in the manufacture of pipes, mains and domestic and whose fortunes vary with demand in construction. Between these urban areas are rural villages including Oxspring, Wortley, Green Moor and Thurgoland occupied mostly by commuters to Sheffield (as well as those for Leeds and Manchester). The western area of the constituency is in the Peak District National Park.
The seat contains three significant stately homes: Cannon Hall (home of the Spencer-Stanhope family of Pre-Raphaelites) is open to the public as the 13th/18th Royal Hussars Museum, while Wortley Hall (ancestral home of the Wortley-Montagu family) is largely used by trade unions and their families; the third is Wentworth Castle, where an adult educational establishment, Northern College, is based.[n 2]
Members of ParliamentEdit
Elections in the 2010sEdit
|Liberal Democrat||Penny Baker||2,042||4.1||- 2.2|
|Liberal Democrat||Rosalyn Gordon||2,957||6.3||-14.8|
|English Democrat||Colin Porter||500||1.1||0.0|
|Liberal Democrat||Ian Cuthbertson||9,800||21.1||-3.7|
|English Democrat||Paul McEnhill||492||1.1||+1.1|
- * Served as an MP in the 2005–2010 Parliament
Notes and referencesEdit
- A county constituency (for the purposes of election expenses and type of returning officer)
- These are open for most of the year, the former as a regimental museum and the latter for special events, thus providing recreational and tourism income alongside the Peak District.
- "Electorate Figures - Boundary Commission for England". 2011 Electorate Figures. Boundary Commission for England. 4 March 2011. Archived from the original on 6 November 2010. Retrieved 13 March 2011.
- Leigh Rayment's Historical List of MPs – Constituencies beginning with "P" (part 1)
- "Penistone and Stocksbridge". Sheffield City Council. Retrieved 12 May 2017.
- "Election Data 2015". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 17 October 2015. Retrieved 17 October 2015.
- "Penistone & Stocksbridge". BBC News. Retrieved 14 May 2015.
- "Election Data 2010". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 26 July 2013. Retrieved 17 October 2015.