Penis reduction or penis reduction surgery refers to efforts or an assortment of techniques intended to decrease the girth or length of the human penis, especially when erect. The motive behind such a procedure can range from complications such as macropenis,[1][2] genital lymphedema,[3] or sex reassignment.[4] It may also be motivated by the shape or size of the extant penis being unviable for intercourse and the associated social liabilities of having macrophallic penile dimensions.[5] The causes of macrophallism can range from sickle cell disease to priapism.[6] The age range of individuals who have undergone treatment or are purported to have considered it vary including a 17 year old,[7] a 52 year old,[8] a 20 year old[9][10] and a 39 year old.[11] The procedure may involve the removal of tissue beneath the skin of the penis,[12] amelioration through simple excision procedures,[13] or antihypertensive medication.[14] Such procedures have been considered by men with partners who have complained about discomfort of thrusts against the cervix[15] as well as those seeking additional stimulation of the clitoris.[16] In some ancient periods of history, the diminution of penile size was a desired appearance aesthetically, including those observable in surviving works of art, due to an association with unpretentiousness, reticence and timidity;[17] artists also wanted to distance themselves from erotic art's obsession with over-sized genitals.

Penis reduction

References edit

  1. ^ University of California (1970). Medical Aspects of Human Sexuality - Volume 4, Issues 7-12. p. 128.
  2. ^ Liechty, Richard (1989). Fundamentals of surgery. p. 492.
  3. ^ Torio-Padron, Nestor G.; Stark, Björn; Földi, Etelka; Simunovic, Filip (2015) [published online 22 October 2014]. "Treatment of male genital lymphedema: An integrated concept". Journal of Plastic, Reconstructive & Aesthetic Surgery. 68 (2): 262–8. doi:10.1016/j.bjps.2014.10.003. PMID 25456280.
  4. ^ Jingde, Zhang; Xin, Xing; Entan, Guo; Junhui, Li; Chunyu, Xue; Xiaoyun, Wang (2009). "Surgical Treatment of Hermaphroditism: Experience With 25 Cases". Annals of Plastic Surgery. 63 (5): 543–551. doi:10.1097/SAP.0b013e3181955cf5. PMID 19806042.
  5. ^ Goldwyn, Robert (1990). Reduction Mammaplasty. Little, Brown. p. 49. ISBN 0316319775.
  6. ^ Hanson, Hilary (14 February 2015). "Penis Reduction Surgery Performed On Teen With Phallus Measuring 10 Inches Around (GRAPHIC)". Archived from the original on 2015-02-15. Retrieved 31 October 2018 – via Huff Post.
  7. ^ "Size Matters: Teen Undergoes 'World's First' Penis Reduction Surgery To Have Sex". 12 February 2015. Retrieved 31 October 2018.
  8. ^ "Man's 19-Inch Penis to Be Reduced". Female First. 2015-09-14. Archived from the original on 2016-11-09.
  9. ^ "A Kenyan man cannot have sex because his penis is 'too big'". 4 September 2016. Retrieved 31 October 2018.
  10. ^ "I can't have sex because my penis is the size of a baby". 3 September 2016. Retrieved 31 October 2018.
  11. ^ "Man with 10.5-inch penis says he's often thought about getting reduction surgery". LADbible. 25 October 2022. Retrieved 2022-10-28.
  12. ^ "USF performs first penis reduction". The Oracle. 2015-02-17. Retrieved 31 October 2018.
  13. ^ Hallett, John (2009). Comprehensive Vascular and Endovascular Surgery. Elsevier Health Sciences. p. 871. ISBN 978-0-323-05726-4. Archived from the original on 2021-11-29. Retrieved 2021-12-21.
  14. ^ Mostafa, Taymour. "Precocious puberty: a question to be answered". Human Andrology 6.2 (2016): 31-37, APA. doi: 10.1097/01.XHA.0000473646.90564.16 Archived 2021-11-29 at the Wayback Machine
  15. ^ Fisher, William A., Nyla R. Branscombe, and Charles R. Lemery. "The bigger the better? Arousal and attributional responses to erotic stimuli that depict different size penises." Journal of Sex Research 19.4 (1983): 377-396. JSTOR:3812063; doi:10.1080/00224498309551199
  16. ^ Wallen, Kim, and Elisabeth A. Lloyd. "Female sexual arousal: Genital anatomy and orgasm in intercourse". Hormones and behavior 59.5 (2011): 780-792. doi:10.1016%2Fj.yhbeh.2010.12.004 Archived 2021-11-29 at
  17. ^ Reid, Heather (2012). "Athletic beauty in classical Greece: A philosophical view". Journal of the Philosophy of Sport. 39 (2): 281. doi:10.1080/00948705.2012.725900. S2CID 191475516.