Pengzhou (Chinese: 彭州; pinyin: Péngzhōu), formerly Peng County or Pengxian, is a county-level city of Sichuan Province, Southwest China, it is under the administration of the prefecture-level city of Chengdu. There is an expressway that connects Pengzhou to Chengdu. It is bordered by the prefecture-level divisions of Deyang to the northeast and the Ngawa Tibetan and Qiang Autonomous Prefecture to the north.

Pengzhou
彭州市
镇国寺白塔.JPG
Nickname(s): 
The Peony City (丹城)
Location of Pengzhou in Sichuan
Location of Pengzhou in Sichuan
Pengzhou is located in Sichuan
Pengzhou
Pengzhou
Location in Sichuan
Coordinates: 30°59′28″N 103°56′35″E / 30.991°N 103.943°E / 30.991; 103.943Coordinates: 30°59′28″N 103°56′35″E / 30.991°N 103.943°E / 30.991; 103.943[1]
CountryPeople's Republic of China
ProvinceSichuan
Sub-provincial cityChengdu
Municipal seatTianpeng (天彭镇)
Government
 • CPC Party SecretaryMen Sheng (门生)
 • MayorHan Yi (韩轶)
Area
 • Total1,420 km2 (550 sq mi)
Highest elevation
4,812 m (15,787 ft)
Population
 (2010)[2]
 • Total762,887
 • Density537/km2 (1,390/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+8 (China Standard)
Postal code
6119XX
Area code(s)028
Chengdu district map
Subdivisions of Chengdu, Sichuan
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
Airplane silhouette.svg
20
Core districts
1 Jinjiang
2 Qingyang
3 Jinniu
4 Wuhou
5 Chenghua
Suburbs
6 Longquanyi
7 Qingbaijiang
8 Xindu
9 Wenjiang
11 Shuangliu
12 Pidu
15 Xinjin
Satellite cities
16 Dujiangyan
17 Pengzhou
18 Qionglai
19 Chongzhou
20 Jianyang
Rural
10 Jintang Co.
13 Dayi Co.
14 Pujiang Co.
GDP (nominal) Total (2009)¥ 12.54 billion (US$1.838 billion)
GDP (nominal) Per Capita (2009)¥ 16,087 (US$2,357)
Websitewww.pengzhou.gov.cn

It has an area of 1420 square kilometers and a population of 803,400 in 2009.[3] Pengzhou is famous for being one of the three national bases of peony plantation and one of the five national bases of vegetable plantation and merchandise. Pengzhou's industry varies from pharmaceutical to petrochemical. The newly built oil refinery attracts a total investment of 38 billion yuan, considered to be the biggest single investment of Sichuan Province since 1949.[4] Like other regions around the area, Pengzhou was badly affected by the 2008 Sichuan earthquake.

Administrative divisionsEdit

Pengzhou has 20 towns:

  • Tianpeng (天彭镇)
  • Longmenshan (龙门山镇)
  • Xinxing (新兴镇)
  • Lichun (丽春镇)
  • Jiuchi (九尺镇)
  • Mengyang (濛阳镇)
  • Tongji (通济镇)
  • Danjingshan (丹景山镇)
  • Longfeng (隆丰镇)
  • Aoping (敖平镇)
  • Cifeng (磁峰镇)
  • Guihua (桂花镇)
  • Junle (军乐镇)
  • Sanjie (三界镇)
  • Xiaoyudong (小鱼洞镇)
  • Hongyan (红岩镇)
  • Shengping (升平镇)
  • Bailu (白鹿镇)
  • Gexianshan (葛仙山镇)
  • Zhihe (致和镇)

HistoryEdit

Pengzhou area is believed to have been habituated since Western Zhou. Empress dowager Wu Zetian first set up Pengzhou in 686 AD (Tang Dynasty). In 1337 AD, Hongwu Emperor (Ming Dynasty) reduced Pengzhou to Pengxian, or Peng County (彭县; Péngxiàn). Peng County later became Pengzhou City in 1993.[5]

As of late, Pengzhou is still occasionally referred to as Pengxian, or Peng County, even in official publications.[6]

EducationEdit

Xihua University Pengzhou Campus is located at the south part of the city.

Sister citiesEdit

ClimateEdit

Climate data for Pengzhou (1981−2010)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 18.1
(64.6)
22.9
(73.2)
30.7
(87.3)
31.5
(88.7)
34.3
(93.7)
35.5
(95.9)
36.2
(97.2)
36.2
(97.2)
35.2
(95.4)
29.5
(85.1)
25.4
(77.7)
17.6
(63.7)
36.2
(97.2)
Average high °C (°F) 8.9
(48.0)
11.1
(52.0)
15.5
(59.9)
21.1
(70.0)
25.7
(78.3)
27.4
(81.3)
29.2
(84.6)
29.0
(84.2)
25.2
(77.4)
20.1
(68.2)
15.5
(59.9)
10.1
(50.2)
19.9
(67.8)
Daily mean °C (°F) 5.3
(41.5)
7.5
(45.5)
11.2
(52.2)
16.3
(61.3)
20.8
(69.4)
23.3
(73.9)
25.1
(77.2)
24.5
(76.1)
21.2
(70.2)
16.6
(61.9)
11.9
(53.4)
6.6
(43.9)
15.9
(60.5)
Average low °C (°F) 2.6
(36.7)
4.8
(40.6)
7.9
(46.2)
12.4
(54.3)
16.9
(62.4)
20.0
(68.0)
21.7
(71.1)
21.2
(70.2)
18.5
(65.3)
14.2
(57.6)
11.9
(53.4)
3.9
(39.0)
13.0
(55.4)
Record low °C (°F) −4.5
(23.9)
−3.5
(25.7)
−2.3
(27.9)
3.2
(37.8)
6.3
(43.3)
13.9
(57.0)
15.7
(60.3)
15.9
(60.6)
12.4
(54.3)
2.8
(37.0)
0.0
(32.0)
−4.6
(23.7)
−4.6
(23.7)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 7.7
(0.30)
11.2
(0.44)
21.8
(0.86)
48.1
(1.89)
68.8
(2.71)
103.7
(4.08)
200.6
(7.90)
216.2
(8.51)
126.5
(4.98)
42.1
(1.66)
15.2
(0.60)
5.1
(0.20)
867
(34.13)
Average relative humidity (%) 80 79 78 77 74 80 84 84 83 84 81 81 80
Source: China Meteorological Data Service Center[7]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Google (2014-07-02). "Pengzhou" (Map). Google Maps. Google. Retrieved 2014-07-02.
  2. ^ 我市2010年第六次全国人口普查数据公报 (in Simplified Chinese). Government of Chengdu. 2011-05-13. Retrieved 2011-08-04.
  3. ^ (in Chinese) City Statistics Bulletin of Pengzhou(March, 2010).
  4. ^ (in Chinese)Pengzhou Official Website.
  5. ^ 牡丹花城市——彭州市. china.com.cn (in Simplified Chinese). 2008-05-17.
  6. ^ 2008年5月12日四川汶川8.0级地震4级以上余震目录 (in Simplified Chinese). 中国地震信息网. 2008-06-21. Archived from the original on 2008-06-21. Retrieved 2008-06-21.
  7. ^ 中国地面气候标准值月值(1981-2010) (in Simplified Chinese). China Meteorological Data Service Center. Retrieved 20 October 2018.

External linksEdit