- Pelagon, king of Phocis and son of Amphidamas. He gave Cadmus the cow that was to guide him to Boeotia.
- Pelagon or Pelasgus, son of the river-god Asopus by Metope.
- Pelagon, one of the suitors of Hippodamia before Pelops.
- Pelagon, one of the Calydonian hunters.
- Pelagon or Pelegon, who is given in the Iliad as the father of the Paeonian warrior Asteropaeus, son of the river-god Axius and Periboea, the daughter of Acessamenus. Presumably this Pelagon was the eponymous founder of Pelagonia.
- Pelagon, a native of Pylos who fought under Nestor in the Trojan War.
- Pelagon, an "illustrious" companion of the hero Sarpedon during the Trojan War, who removes Tlepolemus' spear from Sarpedon's thigh.
- Pausanias, Graeciae Descriptio 9.12.1
- Scholia on Euripides, Phoenician Women 638
- Pseudo-Apollodorus, Bibliotheca 3.4.1
- Pseudo-Apollodorus, Bibliotheca 3.12.6
- Diodorus Siculus, Bibliotheca historica 4.72.1
- Pausanias, Graeciae Descriptio 6.21.11
- Ovid, Metamorphoses 8.360
- Homer, Iliad 21.142
- Homer, Iliad 4.295
- Homer, Iliad 5.695; scholia on this line inform that he was also referred to as "Selagon"
- Diodorus Siculus, The Library of History translated by Charles Henry Oldfather. Twelve volumes. Loeb Classical Library. Cambridge, Massachusetts: Harvard University Press; London: William Heinemann, Ltd. 1989. Vol. 3. Books 4.59–8. Online version at Bill Thayer's Web Site
- Diodorus Siculus, Bibliotheca Historica. Vol 1-2. Immanel Bekker. Ludwig Dindorf. Friedrich Vogel. in aedibus B. G. Teubneri. Leipzig. 1888-1890. Greek text available at the Perseus Digital Library.
- Pausanias, Description of Greece with an English Translation by W.H.S. Jones, Litt.D., and H.A. Ormerod, M.A., in 4 Volumes. Cambridge, MA, Harvard University Press; London, William Heinemann Ltd. 1918. Online version at the Perseus Digital Library
- Pausanias, Graeciae Descriptio. 3 vols. Leipzig, Teubner. 1903. Greek text available at the Perseus Digital Library.
- Pseudo-Apollodorus, The Library with an English Translation by Sir James George Frazer, F.B.A., F.R.S. in 2 Volumes, Cambridge, MA, Harvard University Press; London, William Heinemann Ltd. 1921. Online version at the Perseus Digital Library. Greek text available from the same website.
- Publius Ovidius Naso, Metamorphoses translated by Brookes More (1859-1942). Boston, Cornhill Publishing Co. 1922. Online version at the Perseus Digital Library.
- Publius Ovidius Naso, Metamorphoses. Hugo Magnus. Gotha (Germany). Friedr. Andr. Perthes. 1892. Latin text available at the Perseus Digital Library.
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