Peko Dapčević

Petar "Peko" Dapčević (Serbo-Croatian Cyrillic: Петар Пеко Дапчевић; 25 June 1913 – 10 February 1999) was a Yugoslav communist who fought as a volunteer in the Spanish Civil War, joined the Partisan uprising in Montenegro, and became commander of the Yugoslav 1st Proletarian Corps, 1st and 4th Armies.

Peko Dapčević
Peko Dapčević1.jpg
Dapčević in 1953
Birth namePetar Dapčević
Nickname(s)Peko
Born(1913-06-25)25 June 1913
Cetinje, Montenegro
Died10 February 1999(1999-02-10) (aged 85)
Belgrade, Serbia, FR Yugoslavia
AllegianceInternational Brigades
Yugoslav Partisans
Yugoslav People's Army
Years of service1937–1939
1941–1955
RankColonel general
UnitXV International Brigade
1st Proletarian Corps
First Yugoslav Army
Battles/warsSpanish Civil War
World War II
AwardsOrder of Freedom
Order of the People's Hero
Order of the Hero of Socialist Labour
Order of National Liberation
Order of the War Banner
Order of Kutuzov, 1st class
Order of Suvorov,1st class
Spouse(s)Milena Dapčević

Dapčević led the Partisan troops that, along with Soviet Red Army under General Vladimir Zhdanov, liberated Belgrade on October 20, 1944. He was the first person to be proclaimed as honorary citizen of Belgrade. He was also among the founders of FK Partizan, the football section of the Partizan Sports Society.[1]

In 1953, Dapčević was named Chief of the Yugoslav General Staff, but was demoted as a result of being indirectly involved in the Milovan Đilas troubles with the party.

BiographyEdit

Born in the area of Cetinje known as Ljubotinj, his father Jovan was an Orthodox deacon. He had one sister named Danica who was a public school teacher, and brothers Milutin (an officer in the Royal Yugoslav Army), Dragutin (Major of Yugoslav Armies) and Vlado who was a revolutionary, dissident and anti-revisionist.

Dapčević died at the age of 85 in Belgrade.

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ cbnostalgija (2019-05-09). "Osnivači Partizana". Crno-bela Nostalgija (in Serbian). Retrieved 2019-08-03.
Military offices
Preceded by Chief of the General Staff of the Yugoslav People's Army
27 January 1953 – 29 April 1955
Succeeded by
Sporting positions
Preceded by
Position established
President of KK Partizan
1945–1947
Succeeded by