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Peine is a district in Lower Saxony, Germany. It is bounded by (from the south and clockwise) the districts of Hildesheim, Hanover and Gifhorn, and the cities of Brunswick and Salzgitter.

Peine
Coat of arms of Peine
Coat of arms
CountryGermany
StateLower Saxony
CapitalPeine
Area
 • Total535 km2 (207 sq mi)
Population
 (31 December 2017)[1]
 • Total133,368
 • Density250/km2 (650/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+01:00 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+02:00 (CEST)
Vehicle registrationPE
Websitelandkreis-peine.de

Contents

HistoryEdit

Until the early 19th century, the territory of the district belonged to Brunswick-Celle, Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel, and the Bishopric of Hildesheim. After 1815, both Brunswick-Celle and Hildesheim belonged to the Kingdom of Hanover. In 1866, Hanover fell to Prussia. The Prussian administration established districts (Kreise) in 1885, among them Peine.

The region has a smelting tradition, the associated mining tradition lasted until 1976 when the last existing mine was closed. One of the best known events in local history was the mining disaster of Lengede in 1963, when 29 miners died and 11 miners were rescued two weeks after the incident.

GeographyEdit

The district comprises the space between the cities of Hanover and Braunschweig. The Fuhse river enters the district in the south, runs through the town of Peine and leaves northwards to Celle.

Coat of armsEdit

The coat of arms is derived from the arms of the County of Wolfenbüttel-Assenburg. This county existed only until 1260, but its rulers were responsible for the foundation of Peine.

Cities and municipalitiesEdit

 
Towns and municipalities in Landkreis Peine
Cities Municipalities
  1. Peine
  1. Edemissen
  2. Hohenhameln
  3. Ilsede
  4. Lengede
  5. Vechelde
  6. Wendeburg

Notable people from PeineEdit

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

External linksEdit