Peine is a district in Lower Saxony, Germany. It is bounded by (from the south and clockwise) the districts of Hildesheim, Hanover and Gifhorn, and the cities of Brunswick and Salzgitter.

Flag of Peine
Coat of arms of Peine
StateLower Saxony
 • Total535 km2 (207 sq mi)
 (31 December 2021)[1]
 • Total136,960
 • Density260/km2 (660/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+01:00 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+02:00 (CEST)
Vehicle registrationPE

History edit

Until the early 19th century, the territory of the district belonged to Brunswick-Celle, Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel, and the Bishopric of Hildesheim. After 1815, both Brunswick-Celle and Hildesheim belonged to the Kingdom of Hanover. In 1866, Hanover fell to Prussia. The Prussian administration established districts (Kreise) in 1885, among them Peine.

The region has a smelting tradition, the associated mining tradition lasted until 1976 when the last existing mine was closed. One of the best known events in local history was the mining disaster of Lengede in 1963, when 29 miners died and 11 miners were rescued two weeks after the incident.

Geography edit

The district comprises the space between the cities of Hanover and Brunswick. The Fuhse river enters the district in the south, runs through the town of Peine and leaves northwards to Celle.

Coat of arms edit

The coat of arms is derived from the arms of the County of Wolfenbüttel-Asseburg. This county existed only until 1260, but its rulers were responsible for the foundation of Peine.

Cities and municipalities edit

 HohenhamelnLengedeVecheldeIlsedePeineWendeburgEdemissenPeine (district)Lower SaxonyBraunschweigGifhorn (district)Wolfenbüttel (district)SalzgitterHildesheim (district)Hanover (district)
Clickable map of towns and municipalities in the district
Cities Municipalities
  1. Peine
  1. Edemissen
  2. Hohenhameln
  3. Ilsede
  4. Lengede
  5. Vechelde
  6. Wendeburg

Notable people from Peine edit

See also edit

References edit

  1. ^ "LSN-Online Regionaldatenbank, Tabelle A100001G: Fortschreibung des Bevölkerungsstandes, Stand 31. Dezember 2021" (in German). Landesamt für Statistik Niedersachsen.

External links edit

  Media related to Landkreis Peine at Wikimedia Commons

52°20′N 10°15′E / 52.33°N 10.25°E / 52.33; 10.25