Pehowa is a town and a municipal committee in Kurukshetra district in the Indian state of Haryana. The Hindu genealogy registers at Peohwa, Haryana are kept here at the Pruthudak Tirath on the banks of Sarasvati river.

Pehowa

Prithudak
Town
Sarasvati River and temple, Pehowa
Sarasvati River and temple, Pehowa
Pehowa is located in Haryana
Pehowa
Pehowa
Location in Haryana, India
Pehowa is located in India
Pehowa
Pehowa
Pehowa (India)
Coordinates: 29°59′N 76°35′E / 29.98°N 76.58°E / 29.98; 76.58Coordinates: 29°59′N 76°35′E / 29.98°N 76.58°E / 29.98; 76.58
Country India
StateHaryana
DistrictKurukshetra
Government
 • Typedemocratic
Elevation
224 m (735 ft)
Population
 (2011)[1]
 • Total38,853
Time zoneUTC+5:30 (IST)
ISO 3166 codeIN-HR
Vehicle registrationHR 41
Websiteharyana.gov.in

HistoryEdit

Pehowa is an ancient city and its religious significance is mentioned in several puranas, such as Skanda Purana (1st to 5th century CE), Markandeya Purana (4th to 6th century CE) and Vamana Purana (5th to 11th century CE).[2]

Two inscriptions dated ninth Century CE found at Pehowa mention that the place was controlled by Mahendrapala, of Kanauj and a Vishnu temple was constructed at this place by Tomara family, but such historic temple is not found in present day Pehowa.[3] The earliest extant historical reference to the Tomara dynasty occurs in the Pehowa inscription issued during the reign of the Pratihara king Mahendrapala I (r. c. 885-910 CE) [Tomars of Delhi were vassals of Partiharas of Kannauj].[4] This undated inscription states that Jaula of the Tomara family became prosperous by serving an unnamed king. His descendants included Vajrata, Jajjuka, and Gogga. The inscription suggests that Gogga was a vassal of Mahendrapala I. It records the construction of three Vishnu temples by Gogga and his step-brothers Purna-raja and Deva-raja. The temples were located at Prithudaka (IAST: Pṛthūdaka; Pehowa), on the banks of the river Sarasvati.[5] No information is available about the immediate successors of Gogga.[6] The Pehowa inscription suggests that this particular Tomara family was settled around the Karnal area. However, F. Kielhorn suggested that this Tomara family actually resided in Delhi: they may have visited Pehowa on pilgrimage, and built a temple there.[7]

GeographyEdit

Pehowa is located at 29°59′N 76°35′E / 29.98°N 76.58°E / 29.98; 76.58.[8] It has an average elevation of 224 metres (734 feet). The Tehsil Pehowa was created on 1 November 1979 and is situated at a distance of 27 km in west from Kurukshetra.[9] and 26 km North-west from Pundri

DemographicsEdit

As of 2011 India census,[10] Pehowa had a population of 38,853. Males constitute 52% of the population and females 48%. Pehowa has a literacy rate of 82.12%, higher than the Haryana average of 75.55%, with male literacy at 87%, and female literacy it 77%. In Pehowa, 11.72% of the population is under 6 years of age. Punjabi and Haryanvi dialects are spoken in the countryside, while Hindi is the most commonly spoken language.

Religious significanceEdit

Pehowa is considered a religious place of high importance and to highlight the sanctity of the place, Haryana State Government has banned sale, possession, consumption and purchase of non-vegetarian food in the town limits.[11] Slaughtering of animals is also banned in the town through the court orders.[11] During Mahabharta, the Ahirs in particular that the Ahir soldiers of Lord Krishn's army who laid down their lives in the battle of Kurukshetra were all cremated at Pehowa. Pehowa is considered a sacred place of pilgrimage for Ahirs, and indeed for all Hindus and Sikhs too.[12]

Places of significanceEdit

 
Sarawati River and Temple - Pitrudhak Teerth - Pehowa

Prithudak TeerthEdit

Pehowa is a very ancient town, believed to pre-date the Mahabharat War by many centuries as it flourished on the banks of now dried up Saraswati River in those days. By the time of the Mahabharata war, the river had long dried up, yet was still a very holy place where people offered "Pinda Pradhan" to their ancestors. It is still called as "Pitrudhak Teerth" and was the holiest place for these oblations to be done much before Prayag or Gaya as the local legend goes. Lord Krishna is believed to have taken the Pandavas to this place before the war started and made them take the blessings of Sarasawati Mata and of their ancestors. Presently, the river does not have any inflows nor outflows and is stagnant. The Pillars on the entrance to the Saraswati Temple date many centuries.[citation needed] Saraswati Sarovar is located in this town, where people perform pooja and religious rituals.[12]

Prithudak is one of the important point in the 48 kos parikrama of Kurukshetra.

Genealogy registersEdit

Hindu genealogy registers at Pehowa are the genealogy registers of pilgrims maintained here by pandas.[13][14][15]

Sarasvati TempleEdit

Pehowa is known to be an important place and pilgrimage on the banks of mythical and revered Sarasvati River. There is an ancient temple dedicated to Goddess/River Saraswati.[9] This is another temple of this city forming a part of 48 kos parikrama of Kurukshetra.

Kartikeya TempleEdit

 
Kartikeya temple, Pehowa

Kartikeya Temple, Pehowa is a 5th century temple.[9]

Other TemplesEdit

  • Pashupathinath Mahadev Temple[9]
  • Shri Guru Ravidaas Temple and Ashram. (Managed by Sham Lal Attri)
  • Prachi Tirtha [16] (Part of 48 kos Parikrama)
  • Brahmayoni tirtha (Part of 48 kos Parikrama)[16]
  • Arunai Temple, Arunay (Part of 48 kos Parikrama)[16]
  • Shri Dakshinmukhi Hanuman Temple[9]
  • Raghunath ram temple

Shiv puri road

Commercial ImportanceEdit

Pehowa is a place of significant commercial importance and continues to sustain a lot of diverse industries.[17]

AgricultureEdit

Until about the mid-20th century, the Pehowa area was covered with dhak trees (Butea frondosa). With the introduction of irrigation, it has become one of the state’s granaries for wheat and rice.[18]

BricksEdit

The city has many brick kilns and is considered as a hub of brick production. Main brick kilns of the city include Mahabir Bhatta Company situated at Arnaicha Pehowa.[19]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Census of India Search details". censusindia.gov.in. Retrieved 10 May 2015. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  2. ^ Kurukshetra Development Board can get the responsibility of Saraswati Tirtha, Dainik Jagran, 4 Feb 2019.
  3. ^ Sharma, S.K. (2005). Haryana : Past & Present. New Delhi, India: Mittal Publications. p. 128. ISBN 9788183240468. Retrieved 25 October 2014. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  4. ^ Sailendra Nath Sen 1999, p. 339.
  5. ^ Dilip Kumar Ganguly 1984, pp. 116-117.
  6. ^ D. C. Ganguly 1981, p. 705.
  7. ^ Dilip Kumar Ganguly 1984, p. 117.
  8. ^ Falling Rain Genomics, Inc - Pehowa
  9. ^ a b c d e "Sub-Division Pehowa". National Information Centre NIC. NIC Govt owned. Retrieved 24 October 2014. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  10. ^ "Census of India 2011: Data from the 2011 Census, including cities, villages and towns". Census Commission of India. Archived from the original on 16 June 2004. Retrieved 10 April 2020. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  11. ^ a b "Haryana bans meat in holy towns of Kurukshetra, Pehowa". The Indian Express. 25 August 2012. Retrieved 24 October 2014. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  12. ^ a b Yadava, S.D.S. (2006). Followers of Krishna : Yadavas of India. New Delhi: Lancers Publishers & Distributors. p. 2. ISBN 9788170622161. Retrieved 25 October 2014. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  13. ^ Tracing your Asian roots Archived 26 April 2017 at the Wayback Machine www.overseasindian.in.
  14. ^ Hindu Pilgrimage Marriage Records www.movinghere.org.uk.
  15. ^ 10 Places Across The World That Help You Trace Your Ancestors, India Times, 29 Jan 2016.
  16. ^ a b c "Archived copy" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 5 March 2017. Retrieved 30 May 2016.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  17. ^ (PDF) http://dcmsme.gov.in/dips/kurushetra.pdf. Missing or empty |title= (help)
  18. ^ https://www.britannica.com/place/Pehowa. Missing or empty |title= (help)
  19. ^ http://cisharyana.in/home/industries_list?distt_id=11&dept_id=&per_page=450. Missing or empty |title= (help)