|Minister of Social Security|
Minister of Pensions and National Insurance
18 October 1964 – 26 July 1967
|Prime Minister||Harold Wilson|
|Preceded by||Richard Wood|
|Succeeded by||Judith Hart|
|Member of Parliament|
for North Lanarkshire
5 July 1945 – 29 May 1970
|Preceded by||William Anstruther-Gray|
|Succeeded by||John Smith|
Margaret McCrorie Herbison
11 March 1907
Shotts, Lanarkshire, Scotland
|Died||29 December 1996 (aged 89)|
|Alma mater||University of Glasgow|
Herbison was born on 11 March 1907 in Shotts, Lanarkshire to Maria Jane McCrorie and John Herbison, a coal miner. She was schooled at Dykehead primary school and Bellshill Academy. She attended the University of Glasgow graduating with an MA in English in 1928. While at university she chaired its Labour Party branch. From 1930 to 1945 Herbison worked as a teacher of English and history at Maryhill primary school and Alan Glen's secondary school, both in Glasgow. She also worked as an economics tutor at the National Council of Labour Colleges, and served on the Miners' Welfare Commission. During this time she was active in local Labour politics.
After the death of her father in the coalmine in which he worked, his miners' lodge nominated her as a candidate for the North Lanarkshire constituency. She won the nomination, and subsequently took the seat at the General Election of 1945 from the Conservative Sir William Anstruther Grey.
In government, she held office as Joint Parliamentary Under-Secretary of State for Scotland from 1950 to 1951, as Minister of Pensions and National Insurance from 1964 to 1966, and as Minister of Social Security from 1966 to 1967. She was opposition spokesperson on Scotland (1951–1956, 1959–1962), Education (1956–1959), and Pensions (1958–1959 and 1962–1964).
She was a Member of Labour National Executive Committee, and Labour Party Chairman in 1957. In the House of Commons, she was Chairman of Select Committee on Overseas Aid in 1969–70. She was a British delegate to the Council of Europe, and is believed to be the only woman - among 101 members - to attend the very first sitting of the Council's Parliamentary Assembly in Strasbourg in August 1949.
A lifelong member of the Church of Scotland, from 1970 to 1971 she became the first woman to serve as Lord High Commissioner to the General Assembly of the Church of Scotland.
In 1970 the University of Glasgow awarded her an honorary degree.
She died of cancer on 29 December 1996 at St Mary's Hospital, Lanark.
- "Herbison, Margaret McCrorie [Peggy] (1907–1996), politician | Oxford Dictionary of National Biography". Oxford Dictionary of National Biography (online ed.). Oxford University Press. 2004. doi:10.1093/ref:odnb/64016. Retrieved 21 July 2018. (Subscription or UK public library membership required.)
- "Biography of Peggy Herbison". The University of Glasgow Story. Retrieved 21 July 2018.
- "1970 – 1979 | Scotswoman of the Year". www.eveningtimesevents.com. Retrieved 21 July 2018.
- Lane, A. T. (1995). Biographical Dictionary of European Labor Leaders. Greenwood Publishing Group. ISBN 9780313298998.
- The Times House of Commons 1945. 1945.
- The Times House of Commons 1950. 1950.
- The Times House of Commons 1955. 1955.
- Leigh Rayment's Historical List of MPs
- Hansard 1803–2005: contributions in Parliament by Margaret Herbison
- Parliamentary Archives, Papers of Margaret Herbison MP
|Parliament of the United Kingdom|
| Member of Parliament for North Lanarkshire
|Party political offices|
| Chair of the Labour Party
| Minister of Pensions and National Insurance
as Minister of Social Security
as Minister of Pensions and National Insurance
| Minister of Social Security