José Pedro Antonio Vélez de Zúñiga (28 July 1787 – 5 August 1848) was a Mexican politician and lawyer. In the aftermath of a successful coup against president Vicente Guerrero, he was placed at the head of a triumverate that led the Mexican government during the last days of 1829.
Portrait of Pedro Vélez
|Member of Governing Board of Mexico|
23 December 1829 – 31 December 1829
|Preceded by||José María Bocanegra|
|Succeeded by||Anastasio Bustamante|
|Born||28 July 1787|
|Died||5 August 1848 (aged 61)|
New Spanish (prior to 1821)
|Government of Pedro Vélez|
|Foreign and Interior Relations||Manuel Ortiz de la Torre||23 Dec. 1829 - 31 Dec. 1829|
|Justice and Ecclesiastical Affairs||Joaquín de Iturbide||23 Dec. 1829 - 31 Dec. 1829|
|Treasury||Ildefonso Maniau||23 Dec. 1829 - 31 Dec. 1829|
|War and Marine||Francisco Moctezuma||23 Dec. 1829 - 31 Dec. 1829|
He occupied the post of justice minister and minister of religious affairs. He also became head of the Supreme Court (in succession to Miguel Domínguez) during the presidency of Vicente Guerrero. Guerrero temporarily left the presidency to José María Bocanegra in 1829 to combat a rebellion in Jalapa, Veracruz, but Bocanegra was overthrown within a week . The Council of Government named a Supreme Executive Authority to occupy the presidency temporarily. As president of the Supreme Court, Vélez was named to lead this triumvirate, which also included General Luis de Quintanar and historian Lucas Alamán, leaders of the rebellion against Bocanegra. Quintanar was a strong supporter of Anastasio Bustamante, leader of the Plan de Jalapa against Guerrero and Guerrero's former vice-president.
Vélez was president between 23 and 31 December 1829, after which Bustamante assumed the presidency.
Thereafter Vélez retired to private life and the exercise of the legal profession. He again presided in the Supreme Court of Justice in 1844 and in January to April 1846. He died in Mexico City on 5 August 1848.
- (in Spanish) "Vélez, Pedro", Enciclopedia de México, v. 14. Mexico City, 1996, ISBN 1-56409-016-7.
- (in Spanish) Cosío Villegas, Daniel. Historia General de México, El Colegio de México, México, 1976, ISBN 968-12-0969-9 .
- (in Spanish) García Puron, Manuel, México y sus gobernantes, v. 2. Mexico City: Joaquín Porrúa, 1984.
- (in Spanish) Orozco Linares, Fernando, Gobernantes de México. Mexico City: Panorama Editorial, 1985, ISBN 968-38-0260-5.
- Memoria de hacienda y credito publico. Mexico City: Mexican Government. 1870. p. 1029.
- (in Spanish) Brief biography
- (in Spanish) Brief account of the Supreme Executive Authority
- Brief biography
- (in Spanish) Presidents of the Mexican Supreme Court of Justice
José María Bocanegra
| Member of the Executive Triumvirate of Mexico
23–31 December 1829