Pedro Vélez

José Pedro Antonio Vélez de Zúñiga (28 July 1787 – 5 August 1848) was a Mexican politician and lawyer. In the aftermath of a successful coup against president Vicente Guerrero, he was placed at the head of a triumverate that led the Mexican government during the last days of 1829.

Pedro Vélez
Pedro Velez.PNG
Portrait of Pedro Vélez
Member of Governing Board of Mexico
In office
23 December 1829 – 31 December 1829
Serving with Lucas Alamán and Luis Quintanar
Preceded byJosé María Bocanegra
Succeeded byAnastasio Bustamante
Personal details
Born28 July 1787
Zacatecas, Zacatecas
Died5 August 1848 (aged 61)
Mexico City
Nationality Mexican
New Spanish (prior to 1821)


Government of Pedro Vélez[1]
Foreign and Interior RelationsManuel Ortiz de la Torre23 Dec. 1829 - 31 Dec. 1829
Justice and Ecclesiastical AffairsJoaquín de Iturbide23 Dec. 1829 - 31 Dec. 1829
TreasuryIldefonso Maniau23 Dec. 1829 - 31 Dec. 1829
War and MarineFrancisco Moctezuma23 Dec. 1829 - 31 Dec. 1829

Vélez was born into a well-to-do family. He studied in Zacatecas and Mexico City, becoming a lawyer.

He occupied the post of justice minister and minister of religious affairs. He also became head of the Supreme Court (in succession to Miguel Domínguez) during the presidency of Vicente Guerrero. Guerrero temporarily left the presidency to José María Bocanegra in 1829 to combat a rebellion in Jalapa, Veracruz, but Bocanegra was overthrown within a week . The Council of Government named a Supreme Executive Authority to occupy the presidency temporarily. As president of the Supreme Court, Vélez was named to lead this triumvirate, which also included General Luis de Quintanar and historian Lucas Alamán, leaders of the rebellion against Bocanegra. Quintanar was a strong supporter of Anastasio Bustamante, leader of the Plan de Jalapa against Guerrero and Guerrero's former vice-president.

Vélez was president between 23 and 31 December 1829, after which Bustamante assumed the presidency.

Thereafter Vélez retired to private life and the exercise of the legal profession. He again presided in the Supreme Court of Justice in 1844 and in January to April 1846. He died in Mexico City on 5 August 1848.

There is a city called Pedro Vélez in the Mexican state of Durango.

See alsoEdit


  • (in Spanish) "Vélez, Pedro", Enciclopedia de México, v. 14. Mexico City, 1996, ISBN 1-56409-016-7.
  • (in Spanish) Cosío Villegas, Daniel. Historia General de México, El Colegio de México, México, 1976, ISBN 968-12-0969-9 [1].
  • (in Spanish) García Puron, Manuel, México y sus gobernantes, v. 2. Mexico City: Joaquín Porrúa, 1984.
  • (in Spanish) Orozco Linares, Fernando, Gobernantes de México. Mexico City: Panorama Editorial, 1985, ISBN 968-38-0260-5.


  1. ^ Memoria de hacienda y credito publico. Mexico City: Mexican Government. 1870. p. 1029.

External linksEdit

Political offices
Preceded by
José María Bocanegra
Member of the Executive Triumvirate of Mexico
23–31 December 1829
Succeeded by
Anastasio Bustamante