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Pecheneg is an extinct Turkic language spoken by the Pechenegs in Eastern Europe (parts of Southern Ukraine, southern Russia, Moldova, Romania and Hungary) in the 7th–12th centuries. It is also possible that the language was spoken by the Cumans, per Byzantine princess Anna Komnene.[3]

Pecheneg
Peçenek
RegionCrimea
Era7th–12th century[1]
Language codes
ISO 639-3xpc
xpc
Glottologpech1242[2]

It was most likely a member of the Oghuz branch of the Turkic family,[4] but poor documentation and the absence of any descendant languages have prevented linguists from making an accurate classification; most experts would be fairly confident in placing it among the Oghuz languages, but would refuse to classify it further.

Comparison of Pecheneg with Modern TurkishEdit

Pecheneg word Modern Turkish word Meaning in English
somor sıçan rat
şegor sığır cattle
tavışgan tavşan rabbit
dohs domuz pig
çotka fırça brush

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Pecheneg at MultiTree on the Linguist List
  2. ^ Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin, eds. (2017). "Pecheneg". Glottolog 3.0. Jena, Germany: Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History.
  3. ^ Howorth, Henry Hoyle. "History of the Mongols". Google Books. Retrieved 15 May 2016.
  4. ^ Баскаков, Н. А. Тюркские языки, Москва 1960, с. 126-131.

See alsoEdit