The pearl onion (Allium ampeloprasum var. sectivum or A. ampeloprasum 'Pearl-Onion Group'), also known as button or baby onions in the UK, or creamers in the US, is a close relative of the leek (A. ampeloprasum var. porrum), and may be distinguished from common onions by having only a single storage leaf, similar to cloves of garlic. In French they are known as petit poireau antillais.
Pearl onions and peas topping a crockpot dish
|Species||Allium ampeloprasum var. sectivum or A. ampeloprasum 'Pearl-Onion Group'|
Cultivation and storageEdit
Known small white varieties include Crystal Wax, or White Bermuda. Red varieties are milder in flavour. Pearl onions are ready to harvest from seed in 90 days. They can be stored for up to a month in a cool, dry, dark place.
Because of its uniquely small size and a taste sweeter than that of a common onion, it has also been used in dishes ranging from mid-20th-century American casserole dishes such as succotash to sweetly flavored onion relishes in Indian cuisine. It can also be used in stews soups or sautéed (fried) with other vegetables. It can also be used in cocktails such as "martini standing".
Larry Wall's yearly serious State of the Onion speeches about advancements in Perl programming, an allusion to the many layers of the language, are named as a pun both on the pearl onion and the US presidents' State of the Union addresses.
- Fritsch, R.M.; N. Friesen (2002). "Chapter 1: Evolution, Domestication, and Taxonomy". In H.D. Rabinowitch and L. Currah (ed.). Allium Crop Science: Recent Advances. Wallingford, UK: CABI Publishing. p. 9. ISBN 0-85199-510-1.
- "Onion". waitrose.com. Retrieved 23 January 2017.
- Pearson, Liz (21 December 2007). "SKINNING A PEARL ONION". saveur.com. Retrieved 23 January 2017.
- AVRDC - The World Vegetable Center. "Onion cultivation". Retrieved 25 April 2011.
- "Parisian Onions". traveltoeat.com. 17 June 2012. Retrieved 23 January 2017.
- Linda Griffith and Fred Griffith Onions, Onions, Onions: Delicious Recipes for the World's Favorite Secret ..., p. 126, at Google Books
- Hanelt, Peter (2001). "Alliaceae". In P. Hanelt (ed.). Mansfeld's Encyclopedia of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops (except ornamentals). Berlin: Spring-Verlag. p. 2266. ISBN 3-540-41017-1.
- Fritsch, R.M.; N. Friesen (2002). "Chapter 1: Evolution, Domestication, and Taxonomy". In H.D. Rabinowitch and L. Currah (ed.). Allium Crop Science: Recent Advances. Wallingford, UK: CABI Publishing. p. 20. ISBN 0-85199-510-1.
- Brewster, James L. (1994). Onions and other vegetable alliums (1st ed.). Wallingford, UK: CAB International. p. 212. ISBN 0-85198-753-2.
- "Pearl Onions". cooksinfo.com. Retrieved 23 January 2017.
- "Pearl Onions". bonappetit.com. 6 February 2008. Retrieved 23 January 2017.
- "Pearl onion nutrition selection storage". fruitsandveggiesmorematters.org. Retrieved 23 January 2017.
- Maister, Kathy. "How to Peel Pearl Onions". startcooking.com/. Retrieved 23 January 2017.
|This Asparagales article is a stub. You can help Wikipedia by expanding it.|
|This vegetable-related article is a stub. You can help Wikipedia by expanding it.|