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LocationEdit

The city is located on the banks of Uruguay River, which forms the border with Argentina. It lies 378 kilometres (235 mi) northwest of Montevideo via Route 1 and Route 3, on the junction of the latter with Route 90. As of the census of 2011, it is the fourth most populated city of the country.

A small distance north of the city is the General Artigas Bridge that links Uruguay with the Entre Ríos Province of Argentina, south of the city Colón.[1]

HistoryEdit

It was founded on October 1756 and had acquired the status of "Villa" (town) before the Independence of Uruguay. On 8 June 1863, its status was elevated to "Ciudad" (city) by the Act of Ley Nº 780.[2]

General Leandro Gomez led Uruguayan forces to save the town from an invasion by Brazilian forces in 1864-5. A battle took place on 2 December 1864.[3]

PopulationEdit

In 2011 Paysandú had a population of 76,412.[4] It is the fourth largest city in Uruguay, after Montevideo, Salto and Ciudad de la Costa.

Year Population
1908 20,953
1963 51,645
1975 62,199
1985 68,466
1996 74,568
2004 73,292
2011 76,412

Source: Instituto Nacional de Estadística de Uruguay[2]

Paysandú is more cosmopolitan than most Uruguayan cities,[citation needed] with many settlers from Italy, Switzerland, Poland, Germany, Russia, Ukraine, Belgium and various African nations.

ClimateEdit

Paysandú has a humid subtropical climate, described by the Köppen climate classification as Cfa. Summers are warm to hot and winters are cool, with the occurrence of frosts and fog. The precipitation is evenly distributed throughout the year, with an average of 1,181 mm (46.5 in), and the annual average temperature is around 19 °C (66 °F).

Climate data for Paysandú, Uruguay (1980–2009)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 44.0
(111.2)
42.4
(108.3)
39.4
(102.9)
36.0
(96.8)
33.0
(91.4)
29.2
(84.6)
30.6
(87.1)
32.8
(91.0)
36.4
(97.5)
38.0
(100.4)
41.5
(106.7)
41.9
(107.4)
44.0
(111.2)
Average high °C (°F) 32.0
(89.6)
30.1
(86.2)
28.5
(83.3)
24.1
(75.4)
20.2
(68.4)
17.1
(62.8)
17.0
(62.6)
19.2
(66.6)
20.7
(69.3)
24.1
(75.4)
27.0
(80.6)
30.0
(86.0)
24.2
(75.6)
Daily mean °C (°F) 25.2
(77.4)
24.0
(75.2)
22.6
(72.7)
18.7
(65.7)
15.1
(59.2)
12.4
(54.3)
11.9
(53.4)
13.6
(56.5)
15.0
(59.0)
18.2
(64.8)
20.8
(69.4)
23.4
(74.1)
18.4
(65.1)
Average low °C (°F) 18.4
(65.1)
17.8
(64.0)
16.6
(61.9)
13.4
(56.1)
10.1
(50.2)
7.6
(45.7)
6.9
(44.4)
8.1
(46.6)
9.3
(48.7)
12.3
(54.1)
14.5
(58.1)
16.8
(62.2)
12.6
(54.7)
Record low °C (°F) 7.8
(46.0)
3.2
(37.8)
3.2
(37.8)
0.0
(32.0)
−2.6
(27.3)
−7.4
(18.7)
−6.6
(20.1)
−4.0
(24.8)
−3.4
(25.9)
0.6
(33.1)
2.3
(36.1)
4.8
(40.6)
−7.4
(18.7)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 106.1
(4.18)
125.5
(4.94)
137.8
(5.43)
158.8
(6.25)
102.0
(4.02)
68.3
(2.69)
56.1
(2.21)
55.3
(2.18)
71.5
(2.81)
121.3
(4.78)
123.1
(4.85)
112.9
(4.44)
1,238.6
(48.76)
Average precipitation days (≥ 1.0 mm) 6 6 7 6 6 5 6 5 6 7 6 6 72
Average relative humidity (%) 62 67 70 75 77 78 74 72 71 70 67 63 71
Mean monthly sunshine hours 285.2 226.0 232.5 198.0 186.0 153.0 173.6 192.2 201.0 229.4 255.0 279.0 2,610.9
Mean daily sunshine hours 9.2 8.0 7.5 6.6 6.0 5.1 5.6 6.2 6.7 7.4 8.5 9.0 7.2
Source #1: Instituto Nacional de Investigación Agropecuaria[5]
Source #2: Dirección Nacional de Meteorología (precipitation days 1961–1990, extremes 1937–1994)[6][7]

EconomyEdit

The main industries in the city are Norteña brewery, Azucarlito (sugar), Paylana (which is a producer of world-class woolen fabrics), and Paycuero (leather). Paysandú is also the centre of plantation forest industry in Uruguay, with many companies involved in the planting and harvesting of Eucalyptus plantations.[8]

 
A welcome sign in the old port of Paysandú

TransportationEdit

RecreationEdit

Paysandú has some fine recreational beaches on the Uruguay River which have lifeguards during the summer. It is also home to many sporting clubs, including a rowing club, yacht club, and numerous others for football, rugby, hockey, tennis and polo.

EducationEdit

Previously the area had a German school, Deutsche Schule Paysandú.[9]

Also the city has a Center of the University of the Republic (Centro Universitario de Paysandú).

Places of worshipEdit

Notable peopleEdit

PoliticiansEdit

Football playersEdit

MusiciansEdit

OtherEdit

Twinned citiesEdit

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Leitner, Gerry (January 2001). Argentina Travel Companion. Hunter Publishing, Inc. p. 936. ISBN 978-0-9587498-1-7. Retrieved 30 May 2011.
  2. ^ a b "Statistics of urban localities (1908–2004)" (PDF). INE. 2012. Retrieved 4 September 2012.
  3. ^ Marley, David (February 2008). Wars of the Americas: a chronology of armed conflict in the Western Hemisphere, 1492 to the present. ABC-CLIO. p. 855. ISBN 978-1-59884-100-8. Retrieved 30 May 2011.
  4. ^ "Censos 2011 Cuadros Paysandú". INE. 2012. Retrieved 25 August 2012.
  5. ^ Castaño, José; Giménez, Agustín; Ceroni, Mauricio; Furest, José; Aunchayna, Rossina. "Caracterización Agroclimática del Uruguay 1980–2009" (PDF) (in Spanish). Instituto Nacional de Investigación Agropecuaria. Archived from the original (PDF) on 12 December 2018. Retrieved 13 December 2018.
  6. ^ "Estadísticas climatológicas" (in Spanish). Dirección Nacional de Meteorología. Retrieved 22 October 2012.
  7. ^ "RECORDS METEOROLOGICOS EN EL URUGUAY" (in Spanish). Dirección Nacional de Meteorología. Retrieved April 30, 2014.
  8. ^ Bouton, Lawrence (1998). The private sector and development: five case studies. World Bank Publications. p. 42. ISBN 978-0-8213-4199-5. Retrieved 30 May 2011.
  9. ^ "Deutscher Bundestag 4. Wahlperiode Drucksache IV/3672" (Archive). Bundestag (West Germany). 23 June 1965. Retrieved on 12 March 2016. p. 29/51.
  10. ^ "Sign of twining agreement between Wilaya of Smara and city of Paysandú". Sahara Press Service. 2011-10-24. Archived from the original on 2012-05-01. Retrieved 2011-10-27.

External linksEdit