Pays de Buch

Pays de Buch (French pronunciation: ​[pe.i də byʃ], literally Land of Buch) is one of several areas that make up the Landes forest in France. It extends across seventeen towns around the Arcachon Bay and the valley of the Eyre River. The village of Porge is at the north end and La Teste de Buch at the south, with Belin-Béliet to the east.


Located in the southwest of the department of Gironde, Pays de Buch is bounded by Médoc to the north, Bordeaux to the east, the Atlantic Ocean to the west into which the Arcachon Bay opens, and Pays de Born to the south.

Carte du Pays de Buch et du Bassin d'Arcachon

Tourist destinationsEdit

The channels of Arcachon Bay


The Pays de Buch is part of the Landes Forest and the landscape is composed principally of maritime pines. Most of these pine trees were planted in the nineteenth century, except for the working forest of La Teste-de-Buch, which is natural. In the humid areas and near bodies of water like the shores of the Eyre River, the pines form a rich substrate for vegetation.[citation needed]

The lands near the ocean are marked by active dunes, fixed in part by people at the end of the nineteenth century. Further inland, old dunes are oriented in a north–south line and the forest is slowly recovering them, extending a dozen kilometers west–east. Across this dune corridor is the sandy plain of Landes.[citation needed]

The Arcachon Bay is, a large gap in the forested plain, offers a great variety of landscapes: salty marches at the bank of Arguin, the Dune of Pyla, and the Isle of Birds. The bay is the mouth of the Eyre River and receives the fresh water of the area.[citation needed]