Pavel Yuryevich Gubarev (Russian: Па́вел Ю́рьевич Гу́барев, pronounced [ˈpavʲɪl ˈjʉrʲɪvʲɪtɕ ˈgubərʲɪf], Ukrainian: Павло Юрійович Губарєв), born 10 February 1983 in Sievierodonetsk, is a Ukrainian pro-Russian activist who proclaimed himself the "People's Governor" of the Donetsk Region at the Regional Assembly on 3 March 2014, after separatists seized the building. Gubarev had earlier declared himself leader of the Donbas People's Militia. But since then he has been sidelined by other separatist leaders and was banned from taking part in the 2014 Donbas parliamentary elections. These elections also eliminated the post of "People's Governor". Gubarev was not a major figure in local politics prior to the beginning of the 2014 pro-Russian conflict in Ukraine.
|People's Governor of the Donetsk People's Republic|
3 March 2014 – 4 November 2014
|Prime Minister||Alexander Borodai|
|Succeeded by||Alexander Zakharchenko (as President)|
Pavel Yuryevich Gubarev
10 February 1983
Sievierodonetsk, Ukrainian SSR, Soviet Union
|Political party||New Russia Party (2014–present)|
Progressive Socialist Party (before 2014)
Russian National Unity (2002)
|Children||Two sons, one daughter|
|Alma mater||University of Donetsk|
Shortly after declaring himself "People's Governor" on March 6, Gubarev was arrested by the Security Service of Ukraine (SBU) for "advocating separatism" and "illegal seizure of power". He faced up to ten years in prison. On 7 May, Gubarev was freed in exchange for SBU officers detained earlier by the Donbas People's Militia.
Gubarev gained a degree in history from the Donetsk National University, and later became an employee of a Donetsk advertising agency. In 2007 he founded and served as the company director of the "Morozko" company, which supplied hired Ded Moroz (Santa Claus) figures in the Donetsk area.
Gubarev was a member of the Progressive Socialist Party of Ukraine, a pro-Russian party based in the southeast of the country. According to an unnamed acquaintance, Gubarev advocates Pan-Slavism. In earlier years Gubarev was a member of the neo-Nazi Russian National Unity paramilitary group. Gubarev has publicly given thanks to this group for providing him with military training. In the same interview he said he was not a radical nationalist and described himself as "centre-left".
On 1 March 2014, pro-Russian citizens at a meeting in Lenin Square in the center of Donetsk elected Gubarev as governor of the region.
From the beginning of the 2014 Crimean crisis, Gubarev led pro-Russian protesters who blockaded and occupied the Donetsk Regional State Administration building.
During a press-conference with journalists on 6 March 2014, Gubarev stated that his main goal as the self-proclaimed governor was to declare a referendum on the territorial status of Donetsk Oblast, non-recognition of the new Ukrainian government, and non-recognition of Donetsk governor Serhiy Taruta.
On 6 March 2014 the Security Service of Ukraine arrested Gubarev. Following his arrest, Gubarev was reportedly taken to Kyiv for detention. He was later charged with wanting to damage "the territorial integrity and independence of the state".
On 16 March, a crowd of protesters stormed government buildings in Donetsk demanding Gubarev's release.
In October 2014, during a failed assassination attempt on him, Gubarev lost control of his car when it came under gunfire and suffered a head injury. He later regained consciousness and was moved from intensive care to the ordinary ward of the hospital.
Following the death of Alexander Zakharchenko, there will be so-called "elections" in the Donetsk People's Republic on 11 November 2018. In September 2018, Pavel Gubarev went to Moscow and obtained permission to be a candidate for the post of head of the Donetsk People's Republic. Gubarev and supporters collected 15,000 signatures for his nomination papers (the law only requires 10,000 signatures). Gubarev's candidacy displeased Denis Pushilin, who has taken over as head of the Donetsk People's Republic, and pressure has been put on Gubarev.
On 29 September 2018, Gubarev's wife, Ekaterina, was arrested and temporarily detained to prevent her attending the Free Donbas party convention so that she was excluded from the party list for the "elections" of the People's Council of the Donetsk People's Republic on 11 November. At the convention, the Free Donbas movement was taken over by supporters of Denis Pushilin. After this incident Ekaterina Gubareva left for Rostov-on-Don. In early October 2018, the electoral commission ruled that the signatures on Gubarev's nomination papers were invalid; the authorities in Russia often use this method to exclude candidates.
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In Donetsk Gubarov was known as a neo-Nazi and as a member of the fascist organization Russian National Unity.
- Coynash, Halya (18 March 2014). "Far-Right Recruited as Crimea Poll Observers". Institute for War and Peace Reporting. Archived from the original on 8 April 2014. Retrieved 10 April 2014.
Pavel Gubarev, a former member of the neo-Nazi, Russian chauvinist Russian National Unity movement
- Oleksiy Matsuka and Vitaliy Sizov (10 April 2014). "Russia's deep ties to Donetsk's Kremlin collaborators". Kyiv Post. Archived from the original on 13 April 2014. Retrieved 13 May 2018.
In Donetsk, Pavel Gubarev, a Ukrainian citizen and former member of the Russian National Unity movement, attempted to head the protest.
- "Кремлевские неонацисты консультируют сепаратистов в Украине для расширения империи" [Kremlin-oriented neo-Nazis advise separatists in Ukraine on expanding their empire]. TSN. 10 April 2014. Archived from the original on 13 April 2014. Retrieved 13 May 2018.
It is worth noting that Gubarev was recently an activist of the Russian radical nationalist organization - Russian National Unity, which is included in the International Union of National Socialists.
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1 марта пророссийски настроенные граждане на площади Ленина в центре Донецка избрали губернатором региона Губарева, затем они захватили здание обладминистрации. [On 1 March pro-Russian-inclined citizens on Lenin Square in the center of Donetsk elected Gubarev as governor of the region; then they seized the building of the oblast administration.]
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