Pauravas (Sanskrit: पौरव) was an ancient kingdom in the northwest Indian subcontinent, dating from at least 890 BC to 322 BC. The history of the Pauravas is contained in Hindu historical and religious texts. Dating back to 820 BC.
The origin of the Pauravas royals is quite ancient and pre-dates the Hindu epic, Mahabharata, which documents and is a main source of much of its history. The Hindu kings who descended from the Hindu God Chandra ("moon") were called Chandravanshi (Somavanshi, or "of the Lunar dynasty"). Yayati was a Chandravanshi king, with Puru and Yadu as two of his many sons. They were the founders of two main branches of the Chandravamsha; the Yadus were descendants of Yadu, and Pauravas were descendants of Puru.
The Pauravas had also existed earlier in the Vedic Ages. They were led by King Sudas, who fought off Persian invaders at the Battle of the Ten Kings. The Persian kings Darius and Xerxes claimed suzerainty over many of the Pauravas, but this claim was loose at best.
In the 8th century BCE, the capital Hastinapur, was destroyed by a severe flood and King Nikasu built a new capital, Kosambi. With the rise of the Mahajanapada powers, the state fell into a steady decline during 5th and 4th centuries BCE.
Conquest by foreign powersEdit
Porus was defeated by Alexander at the Battle of the Hydaspes, where the latter reappointed the former as a vassal king. By 322 BCE, the region had been conquered by Chandragupta Maurya, a young adventurer, who later conquered the Nanda Empire and founded the Indian Maurya Empire which was thus far the largest empire that had existed at Indian subcontinent.
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