Paul R. Soglin (born April 22, 1945) is an American politician and former three-time mayor of Madison, Wisconsin. A member of the Democratic Party, he was a candidate for Governor of Wisconsin in the 2018 Democratic primary.
|51st Mayor of Madison|
April 19, 2011 – April 16, 2019
|Preceded by||Dave Cieslewicz|
|Succeeded by||Satya Rhodes-Conway|
|Preceded by||F. Joseph Sensenbrenner Jr.|
|Succeeded by||Susan J. M. Bauman|
|Preceded by||William Dyke|
|Succeeded by||Joel Skornicka|
|Born||April 22, 1945|
Chicago, Illinois, U.S.
|Education||University of Wisconsin, Madison (BA, JD)|
Early life and educationEdit
Soglin was raised in the Hyde Park neighborhood of Chicago, Illinois. He attended Hyde Park High School (now Hyde Park Career Academy), and graduated from Highland Park High School in 1962. He enrolled at the University of Wisconsin-Madison (UW) in the fall of 1962 as a pre-medical student, obtaining a Bachelor of Arts with honors in history in 1966. After spending three years in the UW History graduate program, he went on to earn a Doctor of Jurisprudence (JD) degree from the University of Wisconsin Law School in 1972.
While at Hyde Park, Soglin was active in the Civil Rights Movement participating in sympathetic boycotts of the F. W. Woolworth Company five and dime store on 53rd Street in the spring of 1960.
In Highland Park, Soglin and a few classmates participated in House Un-American Activities Committee (HUAC) protests by attending showings of Operation Abolition and challenging the red-baiting assumptions of the film.
In 1962 he was elected treasurer of the UW-Madison chapter of the Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee (SNCC). In October 1963, Soglin joined 200 classmates at a rally on the steps of the Memorial Union protesting the presence of U.S. military advisers who were suspected of active participation in the Vietnam conflict.
In 1964 a group of suburban women partnered with William Moyer, Grace Mary and Hub Stern and other Chicago area activists focusing their Housing Opportunities Program through the Chicago Regional Office of the American Friends Service Committee (AFSC). The effort which was to create open housing in the Chicago suburbs was known as the North Shore Summer Project (NSSP). In the late spring of 1965 Soglin and a dozen other college students set out in suburbs such as Winnetka, Wilmette, and Kenilworth going door-to door with petitions calling for real estate agents to show and sell homes to "Negroes". Before the summer was out volunteers had contacted over 600 home sellers and over 1,500 other residents.
Soglin participated in demonstrations against the Dow Chemical Company on the University of Wisconsin–Madison campus in 1967. Dow had come to the University of Wisconsin–Madison campus to recruit engineering students as potential new employees, but students protested the company's presence because of Dow's role in the manufacture of napalm and Agent Orange used in Vietnam. Beaten by police during the demonstrations, Soglin was elected to lead the subsequent student strike.
Much of this demonstration was captured on film, and an interview of Soglin by journalist and author David Maraniss served as the basis for several chapters of the book They Marched Into Sunlight, and for the PBS documentary Two Days in October. Interview footage with Soglin also figures prominently in the documentary, The War at Home (1979), which chronicled the history of Madison in the Vietnam War era.
While a graduate student in the University of Wisconsin–Madison History Department, Soglin was elected to Madison's Common Council in 1968. He was re-elected in 1970 and 1972. In November, 1972 Soglin announced that he was a candidate for mayor of Madison and was elected on April 3, 1973.
In May 1969, Soglin, while representing the Eighth Ward, was arrested twice at the first Mifflin Street Block Party. He was tried and found guilty of failing to obey the lawful order of a police officer. The charge of unlawful assembly was dismissed by a federal court.
Soglin served as mayor of Madison for three terms, from 1973 to 1979. In 1975, Mayor Soglin gave the key to the city to Cuban Prime Minister Fidel Castro. From 1979 to 1980 he was a fellow at the Kennedy School of Government, Harvard University. After working for nearly a decade as a lawyer in Madison, Soglin returned to office in 1989, serving three additional terms as mayor until 1997. He resigned during his last term to run for the United States House of Representatives in 1996, seeking to represent Wisconsin's 2nd congressional district. His bid was unsuccessful. In 2003, he sought election again as mayor of Madison and was defeated by a narrow margin by Dave Cieslewicz.
Soglin returned to city politics in 2011 as a candidate in the 2011 mayoral election, where he defeated the then-incumbent Cieslewicz in a close race. He took the oath of office for his third stint as mayor on April 19, 2011.
On April 7, 2015 Soglin was again re-elected defeating alder Scott Resnick with a record 72% of the vote 37,790 to 14,235. Mayor Soglin jokingly said, using the rhetoric of his critics, "I'm the guy, if you can't tell the difference between us, who is identified as old, tired, gray and bland. Well, I'm going to show you old, tired, gray and bland."
Soglin joined the 2018 campaign for governor of Wisconsin, running in the Democratic primary against eight other candidates. Soglin eventually finished a distant seventh in the Democratic primary, losing to state superintendent Tony Evers, who would ultimately go on to defeat incumbent Governor Scott Walker in the general election.
Despite initially stating during his gubernatorial campaign that he would not run for reelection as mayor of Madison, Soglin announced that he would be seeking another term in October 2018. Soglin ultimately advanced to the runoff election, but he was defeated in his bid for another term by Rhodes-Conway on April 2, 2019, losing the vote by 62% to 38%. 
Accomplishments as mayorEdit
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Among the changes and accomplishments on Soglin's watch:
- Soglin led the project to construct the State Street Mall and the Concourse around the Capitol Square.
- Under his guidance, the city started its first day care program, providing certification for independent day care centers.
- During his first administration, the city coordinated renovation of several buildings on State Street to build the Madison Civic Center. (That center was later renovated and is now the Overture Center.)
- Soglin led reforms in the city's hiring of women and minorities.
- Soglin was part of a team that supported the construction in the 1990s of Monona Terrace, a building conceived by architect Frank Lloyd Wright in the 1930s.
- In 1975, Soglin became the first U.S. mayor and only the fourth politician from the United States to meet Fidel Castro.
Madison's bond rating (per Moody's Investment Services) was upgraded from AA to AAA status in Soglin's first term in office after he made a personal visit to the New York offices of the rating company. Madison was also named to the most livable cities list several times during Soglin's second tenure as mayor, capturing the number one spot in 1996  and again in 1998.
In 2018 the Brookings Institution found that of the one hundred largest U.S. cities, "...only 11 metro areas achieved inclusive economic growth and prosperity by posting improvements across every measure: Cincinnati, Des Moines, Detroit, Greenville, Madison, Minneapolis-St. Paul, Portland, Providence, San Francisco, Spokane, and Washington, D.C."
- David V. Mollenhoff, Mary Jane Hamilton, Frank Lloyd Wright's Monona Terrace: The Enduring Power of a Civic Vision, University of Wisconsin Press
- "American Experience | Two Days in October | People & Events". PBS. 1967-10-18. Retrieved 2014-03-18.
- Daily Cardinal, October 15, 1963.
- "North Shore Summer Project collection 1965-1966". Chicago Collections Consortium. Retrieved 2014-03-18.
- "North Shore Summer Project Collection An inventory of its records at the University of Illinois at Chicago". Uic.edu. Retrieved 2014-03-18.
- The Capital Times, October 17, 1967.
- "Agent Orange". Dow.com. 2012-08-23. Retrieved 2014-03-18.
- Maraniss, David (2003). They Marched Into Sunlight: War and Peace Vietnam and America. New York: Simon & Schuster.
- The Capital Times, April 5, 1968.
- The Capital Times, April 4, 1973.
- The Capital Times, May 5–6, 1969.
- Mayor Paul Soglin remembers Fidel Castro as 'a popular leader who inspired generations of Cubans' LaCrosse Tribune. November 27, 2016. Retrieved December 29, 2016.
- "Soglin, Paul, 1945". Wisconsinhistory.org. 2005-12-30. Retrieved 2014-03-18.
- Wisconsin State Journal, April 2, 2003.
- "Paul Soglin is Madison's New Mayor". WMTV, NBC 15, Madison. April 6, 2011. Retrieved April 6, 2011.
- Wisconsin State Journal, April 8, 2015.
- The Capital Times, March 8, 2015.
- Sommerhauser, Mark. He's running: Madison Mayor Paul Soglin joins Democratic field to challenge Gov. Scott Walker. Wisconsin State Journal, 11 January 2018 https://madison.com/wsj/news/local/govt-and-politics/he-s-running-madison-mayor-paul-soglin-joins-democratic-field/article_a2bd0c55-e8a8-5d84-95bc-9156ab6751e1.html
- Wisconsin Primary Election Results. The New York Times, 16 August 2018 https://www.nytimes.com/interactive/2018/08/14/us/elections/results-wisconsin-primary-elections.html
- White, Laurel and Bridgit Bowden. In Dead Heat, Tony Evers Wins Governor's Race. Wisconsin Public Radio, 7 November 2018 https://www.wpr.org/dead-heat-tony-evers-wins-governors-race
- Brockman, Jon. Soglin reverses course, announces re-election campaign. The Daily Cardinal, 20 October 2018 https://www.dailycardinal.com/article/2018/10/soglin-reverses-course-announces-re-election-campaign
- Brockman, Jon. Rhodes-Conway won big in nearly every part of Madison, voting records show. The Daily Cardinal, 5 April 2019. https://www.dailycardinal.com/article/2019/04/rhodes-conway-won-big-in-nearly-every-part-of-madison-voting-records-show
- David V. Mollenhoff, Mary Jane Hamilton, Frank Lloyd Wright's Monona Terrace: The Enduring Power of a Civic Vision, University of Wisconsin Press p 187
- Clara Penniman and Paula A. White Madison: an administrative history of Wisconsin's capital city, 1929-1979, Robert M. La Follette School of Public Affairs, 1999, pp. 173-175
- Erika Janik Madison: History of a Model City, The History Press
- Mother Jones Magazine Nov 1978
- The Capital Times, July 24, 1973
- Money Magazine July, 1996
- Money Magazine July, 1998
- Kenner, Robert, director (2005). Two Days in October. Documentary film. PBS Direct. DVD Release, November 8, 2005. ASIN B000BKSITY
- Maraniss, David (2003). They Marched Into Sunlight: War and Peace Vietnam and America, October 1967. Simon & Schuster. ISBN 0-7432-1780-2
- Silber, Glenn and Barry Alexander Brown, directors (1979). The War at Home. Documentary film. Buena Vista Home Entertainment. DVD Release, September 3, 2002. ASIN B000065V3U
- Waxing America, Paul Soglin's blog
- Paul Soglin bio at University of Wisconsin-Madison La Follette School of Public Affairs
- Appearances on C-SPAN
- Paul Soglin named to lead U.S. Conference of Mayors committee - Wisconsin State Journal
- From Firebrand to a Bit of a Grump, a ‘Hippie Mayor’ Evolves - New York Times
- Paul Soglin talks about Madison's grip on him - The Isthmus
- Homeless Chicago family finds life easier living on the streets north of the border - The Chicago Tribune
-  - Wisconsin State Journal
| Mayor of Madison
F. Joseph Sensenbrenner Jr.
| Mayor of Madison
Susan J. M. Bauman
| Mayor of Madison