Paul Dolan (behavioural scientist)

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Paul Dolan (born 10 May 1968, in London[1]), is Head of Department and Professor of Behavioural Science in Psychological and Behavioural Science at the London School of Economics and Political Science.[2] He is Director of the Executive MSc in Behavioural Science which began in September 2014.[3] Dolan conducts research on the measurement of happiness, its causes and consequences, and the implications for public policy, publishing in both scholarly and popular outlets. He has previously held academic posts at York, Newcastle, Sheffield and Imperial and he has been a visiting scholar at Princeton University.[4] He is the author of two popular press books: Happiness by Design[5] and Happy Ever After.[6]

Paul Dolan
Paul Dolan .jpg
Born (1968-05-10) 10 May 1968 (age 52)
NationalityBritish
Alma materUniversity of York
Notable work
‘Happiness by Design’
AwardsPhilip Leverhulme Prize in economics for contribution to health economics
Main interests
Behavioural sciences and Happiness
Websitepauldolan.co.uk

EducationEdit

Dolan gained his degree in economics from Swansea University in 1989. His masters and doctorate on "Issues in the valuation of health outcomes" both came from University of York in 1991 and 1997 respectively.[1]

CareerEdit

Dolan has more than 100 peer-reviewed publications which cover many topics including behavioural science, subjective wellbeing, equity in health and health valuation.[7] He currently holds the position of the Chief Academic Advisor on Economic Appraisal for the UK Government's Economic Service. He is also a member of National Academy of Sciences Panel on Wellbeing and of the Measuring National Wellbeing Advisory Forum. In addition he is a visiting Professor at Imperial College London and an associate of the Institute for Government.[8]

He is an author of the "Mindspace" report published by the UK Cabinet Office which seeks to apply lessons from the psychological and behavioural sciences to social policy.[9]

In 2013 Dolan appeared at the Hay Festival in Cartagena de Indias, Colombia[10] and discussed the role of modern technology and happiness, as well as his work on experiences of purpose,[11] attention, and happiness. He also gave the Queen's Lecture on "Happiness by Design" at the TU Berlin in November 2013.[12] Dolan has also spoken at a variety of national and international meetings and conferences, and made numerous media appearances,[13] such as on the BBC1 television programme Lose Weight for Love.[14] He was listed by The Times newspaper as one of the world's greatest minds.[15]

Happiness By Design

On 28 August 2014 Dolan published his book Happiness by Design, with foreword by Nobel Prize winner Daniel Kahneman.[16] The theme of the book is using the tools of behavioural science to help promote individual happiness by reallocating attention. Dolan promoted this book in a talk at the Hay Festival on 30 May 2015.[17] It was called "the book that will make you quit your job" in the New Statesman because of a story in the book illustrating the difference between two forms of happiness.[18]

Happy Ever AfterEdit

On 17 January 2019 Dolan published his book Happy Ever After.[19] It led to praise for being a passionate and provocative manifesto for a better society [20] and criticism over disputed statistical analyses.[21]

The theme of the book is using social science to interrogate popular narratives about what makes for a good life. The Times wrote that Happy Ever After contains "many surprising insights".[20] The book draws on a variety of studies ranging over wellbeing, inequality and discrimination,[22] and was described by The Guardian writer Oliver Burkeman as "one of the most rigorous articulations of the new mood of acceptance."[23]

The book contained provocative claims about the association between marriage and happiness, suggesting that single women are happier than married women. In promoting the book, Dolan said, “Married people are happier than other population subgroups, but only when their spouse is in the room when they’re asked how happy they are. When the spouse is not present: f***ing miserable.” Economist Gray Kimbrough pointed out that this conclusion was based on a misunderstanding of the term “spouse present” in the American Time Use Survey, which doesn't mean "spouse not in the room" but rather "spouse not living in the household". Kimbrough also argued that Dolan's claims about how happiness correlates with men's and women's happiness were not supported by the data sources cited in the book.[21] Vox highlighted the case as an example of “books by prestigious and well-regarded researchers go[ing] to print with glaring errors, which are only discovered when an expert in the field […] gets a glance at them", noting that "books are not subject to peer review." Kimbrough pointed out "It's good this work was done using public data" so that other researchers could examine the evidence.[21]

Dolan retracted his erroneous statement stemming from the “spouse present” misunderstanding, acknowledged it in a published response, and notified The Guardian, which published a correction.[21][24] In addition to this, he informed his editor so that the book could be revised. In his response, Dolan explained that, the coding error aside and with very important caveats around causality in mind, on the basis of his interpretation of the existing evidence "it still seems fair to say that men benefit more from marriage than women," adding that he respects that "other people can reach a different conclusion" from the evidence base. Dolan had previously said, "We do have some good longitudinal data following the same people over time, but I am going to do a massive disservice to that science and just say: if you're a man, you should probably get married; if you're a woman, don't bother." [25]

Debate continued after Dolan's response, with a report by The Globe and Mail stating that Dolan's "most incendiary claims were based on a misreading of data."[26] Later press focussed on the portions of the book about resilience.[27]

Personal lifeEdit

In a profile of Dolan published in the Guardian on 22 November 2014,[28] Dolan is quoted as saying:

I have never read a novel in my life. There are only so many hours in the day and I have decided to fill them with activities other than reading made-up stories. Each to their own, eh?

Dolan was the first in his family to go to university and grew up on a council estate in Hackney.[18] One of his hobbies is bodybuilding.[29]

AwardsEdit

In 2002 he won the Philip Leverhulme Prize in economics for his contribution to health economics; in particular, for his work on QALYs (quality adjusted life years).[30]

Selected bibliographyEdit

BooksEdit

  • Dolan, Paul; Olsen, Jan Abel (2002). Distributing health care: economic and ethical issues. Oxford New York: Oxford University Press. ISBN 9780192632531.
  • Dolan, Paul (2014). Happiness by design: change what you do, not how you think. New York: Hudson Street Press. ISBN 9781594632433.
  • Dolan, Paul (2019). Happy Ever After: Escaping The Myth of The Perfect Life. London: Allen Lane. ISBN 9780241284445.

Journal articlesEdit

PapersEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b Dolan, Paul. Curriculum Vitae: Paul Dolan (PDF). California, US: University of Southern California, Dornsife: College of Letters, Arts and Sciences. Archived from the original (PDF) on 27 August 2011. Retrieved 11 June 2014.
  2. ^ "Paul Dolan - profile". London School of Economics. 7 June 2012. Retrieved 1 October 2013.
  3. ^ "Executive MSc Behavioural Science". London School of Economics. 22 October 2014. Retrieved 3 November 2014.
  4. ^ "Paul Dolan - profile". London School of Economics. 7 June 2012. Retrieved 3 November 2014.
  5. ^ Dolan, Paul (2016). Happiness by Design. Penguin.
  6. ^ Dolan, Paul (2019). Happy Ever After. Penguin.
  7. ^ "Current Publications". Paul Dolan. Retrieved 3 November 2014.
  8. ^ "about". paul dolan. Retrieved 3 November 2014.
  9. ^ "MINDSPACE Behavioural Economics". The Institute for Government. 22 March 2013. Retrieved 1 October 2013.
  10. ^ Hay Festival (28 January 2013). "Hay Festival Cartagena 2013: Why the secret of happiness is turning off your mobile phone". Telegraph. Retrieved 1 October 2013.
  11. ^ White, MP; Dolan, P (2009). "Accounting for the richness of daily activities". Psychol Sci. 20 (8): 1000–8. doi:10.1111/j.1467-9280.2009.02392.x. PMID 19549079.
  12. ^ "Happiness by Design". Kanal von TUBerlinTV. 14 November 2013. Retrieved 3 November 2014.
  13. ^ "Talks, TV & videos". Paul Dolan. Retrieved 26 June 2019.
  14. ^ "BBC One - Lose Weight for Love". BBC. Retrieved 13 July 2019.
  15. ^ Heritage, Stuart (24 August 2019). "From Gladwell and Dawkins to Mukherjee – the world's greatest minds". ISSN 0140-0460. Retrieved 27 August 2019.
  16. ^ Dolan, Paul (2014). Happiness by design: change what you do, not how you think. New York: Hudson Street Press. ISBN 9781594632433.
  17. ^ "Archive - Hay Festival - Hay Player Audio & Video". www.hayfestival.com. Retrieved 13 July 2019.
  18. ^ a b "The book that will make you quit your job". www.newstatesman.com. Retrieved 13 July 2019.
  19. ^ Dolan, Paul (2019). Happy Ever After: Escaping The Myth of the Perfect Life. London: Allen Lane. ISBN 9780241284445.
  20. ^ a b Patterson, Review by Christina (13 January 2019). "Review: Happy Ever After: Escaping the Myth of the Perfect Life by Paul Dolan — how to find happiness". ISSN 0140-0460. Retrieved 4 July 2019.
  21. ^ a b c d "A new book says married women are miserable. Don't believe it". Vox.com. Retrieved 9 June 2019.
  22. ^ https://www.hayfestival.com/p-15246-paul-dolan.aspx
  23. ^ Review by Oliver Burkeman (12 January 2019) https://www.theguardian.com/books/2019/jan/12/i-accept-myself-just-as-i-am-the-rise-of-realistic-self-help. Retrieved, 4 July 2019.
  24. ^ Dolan, Paul. "How peer abuse and singlism get in the way of Happy Ever After". pauldolan.co.uk. Retrieved 25 June 2019.
  25. ^ Hardy, Karen (2 June 2019). "Debunking the myth of happily ever after". The Canberra Times. Retrieved 27 August 2019.
  26. ^ Bielski, Zosia (2 July 2019). "Is it better being married or single? A fresh controversy lays bare the anxieties that still persist about women's lives". The Globe and Mail. Retrieved 3 July 2019.
  27. ^ "All over the gaffes: why failing isn't so bad anymore". Evening Standard. 21 August 2019. Retrieved 27 August 2019.
  28. ^ Dolan, Paul (22 November 2014). "Happiness expert Paul Dolan: what makes me happy". The Guardian. Retrieved 24 November 2014.
  29. ^ "A bodybuilding professor's guide to happiness: Meet Paul Dolan, a very". The Independent. 6 September 2014. Retrieved 13 July 2019.
  30. ^ "Philip Leverhulme Prizes 2002". The Leverhulme Trust. Retrieved 1 October 2013.[permanent dead link]

External linksEdit