Paul Bruce Corkum OC OOnt FRSC FRS (born October 30, 1943) is a Canadian physicist specializing in attosecond physics and laser science. He holds a joint University of Ottawa–NRC chair in Attosecond Photonics. He is one of the students of strong field atomic physics, i.e. atoms and plasmas in super-intense laser fields.
Paul B. Corkum
|Alma mater||Acadia University|
|Known for||Developing ultra-rapid laser technology|
|Institutions||University of Ottawa|
Biography and researchEdit
Corkum was born in Saint John, New Brunswick. He obtained his BSc (1965) from Acadia University, Nova Scotia, and his MSc (1967) and PhD (1972) in theoretical physics from Lehigh University, Pennsylvania. He won several awards for his work on laser science.
Corkum is both a theorist and an experimentalist. In the 1980s he developed a model of the ionization of atoms (i.e. plasma production) and on this basis proposed a new approach to making X-ray lasers (Optical field Ionization, OFI). OFI lasers are today one of the most important developments in X-ray laser research.
In the early 1990s in strong field atomic physics there were discoveries of high harmonic generation and correlated double ionization (in which an atom can absorb hundreds of photons and emit two electrons). Corkum's Recollision Electron Model served as the basis for the generation of attosecond pulses from lasers. With this method in 2001 Corkum with colleagues in Vienna succeeded in demonstrating for the first time laser pulse lengths lasting less than 1 femtosecond. The method was used for the generation of higher harmonics and (as a type of laser tunneling microscope) for exploration of atoms and molecules in the angstrom range and below.
Corkum's recollision electron physics has led to many advances in understanding the interactions among coherent electrons, coherent light, and coherent atoms or molecules. The recollision electron can be thought of as an electron interferometer built by laser light generated from atoms or molecules. As an interferometer, the recollision electron can be used to measure atomic and molecular orbitals by means of interfering waves from the bound electrons and the recollision electrons.
From 1997 to 2009, he was the adjuct professor of physics at McMaster University.
- 2018 SPIE Gold Medal
- 2018 Isaac Newton Medal 
- 2017 Royal Medal 
- 2015 Lomonosov Gold Medal
- 2013 Harvey Prize
- 2013 Royal Photographic Society Progress medal and Honorary Fellowship awarded in recognition of any invention, research, publication or other contribution which has resulted in an important advance in the scientific or technological development of photography or imaging in the widest sense []
- 2013 King Faisal International Prize for Physics (King Faisal Foundation).
- 2009 Gerhard Herzberg Canada Gold Medal for Science and Engineering (NSERC)
- 2008 John C. Polanyi Award (NSERC)
- 2006 Arthur L. Schawlow Prize in Laser Science (American Physical Society)
- 2006 Killam Prize (Canada Council for the Arts)
- 2005 Charles Hard Townes Award (Optical Society of America)
- 2005 Quantum Electronics Award (IEEE)
- 2005 Fellow of the Royal Society
- 2003 Queen Elizabeth II Golden Jubilee Medal
- 2003 Tory Medal (Royal Society of Canada)
- 1999 Einstein Award (Society for Optical and Quantum Electronics)
- 1996 Gold Medal for Lifetime Achievement in Physics (Canadian Association of Physicists)
- Femtosecond Science Group at the Steacie Institute for Molecular Sciences (Founder)
- NRC Atomic, Molecular and Optical Science Group (Program Leader)
- Order of Canada (Officer).
- Order of Ontario
- Royal Society of London (Member)
- Royal Society of Canada (Member)
- US National Academy of Sciences (Member)
- Corkum PB (1993). "Plasma perspective on strong field multiphoton ionization". Physical Review Letters. 71 (13): 1994–1997. Bibcode:1993PhRvL..71.1994C. doi:10.1103/PhysRevLett.71.1994. PMID 10054556.
- with N. H. Burnett, M. Y. Ivanov: "Subfemtosecond pulses". Optics Letters. 19: 1870–1872. 1994. Bibcode:1994OptL...19.1870C. doi:10.1364/OL.19.001870.
- with H. Niikura, F. Legaré, R. Hasbani, M. Ivanov, D. Villeneuve: Niikura H, Légaré F, Hasbani R, Ivanov MY, Villeneuve DM, Corkum PB (2003). "Probing molecular dynamics with attosecond resolution using correlated wave packet pairs". Nature. 421: 826–829. Bibcode:2003Natur.421..826N. doi:10.1038/nature01430. PMID 12594508.
- with Ferenc Krausz: "Attosecond Science". Nature Physics. 3: 381–387. 2007. Bibcode:2007NatPh...3..381C. doi:10.1038/nphys620.
- with Chandrasekhar Joshi: "Interaction of ultra-intense laser light with matter" (PDF). Physics Today. 48: 36. January 1995. Bibcode:1995PhT....48a..36J. doi:10.1063/1.881451. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2014-02-25.
- with Donna Strickland: "Resistance of short pulses to self-focusing". JOSA B. 11 (3): 492–497. 1994. doi:10.1364/JOSAB.11.000492.
- "Gerhard Herzberg Canada Gold Medal for Science and Engineering" (Press release). NSERC. 16 March 2009., as published in Physics in Canada, 65(2) 58.
- "Paul Corkum, Jean-Marie Dufour, B. Brett Finlay, Roderick Guthrie and Susan Sherwin to receive $100,000 Killam Prizes for 2006" (Press release). Canadian Council for the Arts. 27 March 2006. Archived from the original on 19 February 2008. Retrieved 2009-06-30.
- "Paul Corkum". Institute for Quantum Computing. Retrieved 2009-06-30.
- Corkum, Paul (March 2011). "Recollision Physics" (PDF). Physics Today: 36–41. Bibcode:2011PhT....64c..36C. doi:10.1063/1.3563818.
- Hentschel, M.; et al. (29 Nov 2001). "Attosecond metrology". Nature. 414: 509–513. Bibcode:2001Natur.414..509H. doi:10.1038/35107000.
- Royal Medal 2017
- King Faisal Prize 2013 - Physics
- "Current Winner: Paul Corkum" (Press release). NSERC. 16 March 2009. Retrieved 2009-06-30.
- "Paul Corkum receives NSERC's prestigious Polanyi Award" (Press release). University of Ottawa. 3 March 2008. Archived from the original on 14 August 2009. Retrieved 2009-06-30.
- "New Appointees to the Order of Ontario". January 23, 2014.
- "Paul Corkum – Biography". Joint Attosecond Science Laboratory. Retrieved 2010-09-23.