Paul-Pierre Philippe

Paul-Pierre Philippe (16 April 1905 – 9 April 1984) O.P. was a Cardinal and Prefect of the Congregation for the Oriental Churches in the Roman Catholic Church.


Paul-Pierre Philippe

Patron of the Order of Malta
ChurchRoman Catholic Church
Appointed10 November 1978
Term ended9 April 1984
PredecessorGiacomo Violardo
SuccessorSebastiano Baggio
Other postsCardinal-Priest of San Pio V a Villa Carpegna pro hac vice (1983-84)
Orders
Ordination6 July 1932
by Benjamin-Octave Roland-Gosselin
Consecration21 September 1962
by Pope John XXIII
Created cardinal5 March 1973
by Pope Paul VI
RankCardinal-Deacon (1973-83)
Cardinal-Priest (1983-84)
Personal details
Birth namePierre-Charles Philippe
Born16 April 1905
Paris, French Third Republic
Died9 April 1984(1984-04-09) (aged 79)
Rome, Italy
BuriedCampo Verano
ParentsLouis Henri Philippe
Gabrielle Adam
Previous post
MottoVoluntatem Dei ex animo
Coat of armsPaul-Pierre Philippe's coat of arms
Styles of
Paul-Pierre Philippe
Coat of arms of Paul-Pierre Philippe.svg
Reference styleHis Eminence
Spoken styleYour Eminence
Informal styleCardinal
SeeErocleopoli Maggiore (titular see)

Early lifeEdit

He joined the Dominican order in Paris in 1926 and was ordained on 6 July 1932. He was a faculty member of the Pontifical Athenaeum Angelicum, the future Pontifical University of St. Thomas Aquinas (Angelicum) in Rome from 1935 until 1939. During the war he served as an officer in the French Army. After the war he returned to Rome to teach until 1950.

Archbishop and CardinalEdit

Pope John XXIII appointed him titular Archbishop of Erocleopoli Maggiore on 28 August 1962 and he was consecrated on 21 September of that year at the hands of Pope John. He attended the Second Vatican Council. He was appointed Secretary of the Congregation for Religious on 14 December 1959.

He would remain secretary of the congregation until 28 June 1967, when he was appointed Secretary of the Congregation for the Doctrine of the Faith. He was created and proclaimed Cardinal-Deacon of S. Pio V a Villa on 5 March 1973. Pope Paul VI appointed him Prefect of the Congregation for the Oriental Churches the next day. He opted for the order of cardinal priests and his deaconry was elevated pro hac vice to title on 2 February 1983 after being ten years as a cardinal deacon.

BibliographyEdit

  • The Blessed Virgin and the priesthood. Chicago: Regnery, 1955.
  • De Contemplatione Mystica In Historia. Romae: Angelicum, 1955.
  • The Ends of the Religious Life according to Saint Thomas Aquinas. Athens: Fraternity of the Blessed Virgin Mary, 1962.
  • The novitiate. Notre Dame: University of Notre Dame Press, 1961.
  • Principles for a Renewal of Religious Life : General Assembly of 1963. Ottawa: Canadian Religious Conference, 1964.
  • Le rôle de l'amitié dans la vie chrétienne selon saint Thomas d'Aquin. Rome: Angelicum, 1938.

ReferencesEdit

Catholic Church titles
Preceded by
Pietro Parente
Secretary of the Congregation for he Doctrine of the Faith
29 June 1967 – 6 March 1973
Succeeded by
Jean Jérôme Hamer
Preceded by
Maximilien de Furstenberg
Prefect of the Congregation for the Oriental Churches
6 March 1973 – 27 June 1980
Succeeded by
Wladyslaw Rubin