Paul-Jacques-Aimé Baudry (7 November 1828 – 17 January 1886) was a French painter.
|Born||7 November 1828|
La Roche-sur-Yon, France
|Died||17 January 1886 (aged 57)|
|Awards||Prix de Rome|
Baudry was born in 1828 in La Roche-sur-Yon in the Vendée. He studied art under Michel Martin Drolling and enrolled in the École des Beaux-Arts in 1845. He won the Prix de Rome in 1850 for his picture of Zenobia found on the banks of the Araxes.
His talent from the first revealed itself as strictly academical, full of elegance and grace, but somewhat lacking originality. In the course of his residence in Italy Baudry derived strong inspiration from Italian art with the mannerism of Correggio, as was very evident in the two works he exhibited in the Salon of 1857, which were purchased for the Luxembourg: The Martyrdom of a Vestal Virgin and The Child.
His Leda, St John the Baptist, and a Portrait of Beul, exhibited at the same time, took a first prize that year. Throughout this early period Baudry commonly selected mythological or fanciful subjects, one of the most noteworthy being The Pearl and the Wave (1862).
Once only did he attempt an historical picture, Charlotte Corday after the assassination of Marat (1861); and returned by preference to the former class of subjects or to painting portraits of illustrious men of his day: Guizot, Charles Garnier, Edmond About.
The works that crowned Baudry's reputation were his mural decorations, which show much imagination and a high artistic gift for color, as may be seen in the frescoes in the Paris Court of Cassation, at the château de Chantilly, and some private residences the Hôtel Fould and Hôtel Paiva but, above all, in the decorations of the foyer of the Opera Garnier.
These, more than thirty paintings in all, and among them compositions figurative of dancing and music, occupied the painter for ten years. Baudry was a member of the Académie des beaux-arts, succeeding Jean-Victor Schnetz.
- 1878 : Member of the Royal Academy of Science, Letters and Fine Arts of Belgium
Euterpe (détail) at the Grand foyer of the Opera Palais.
Zenobia Found by the Shepherds c. 1848
with the Angel, 1853
Diana Reposing, c. 1859, Walters Art Museum
The Pearl and the Wave, 1862, Prado
Crouching Nude Male Figure at the Metropolitan Museum of Art, 1864–74
Seated Male Nude (recto); Crouching Male Nude (verso) at the Metropolitan Museum of Art, 1864–74
Study for the Muse Thalia at the Metropolitan Museum of Art
References and sourcesEdit
- Grunchec 1985, p. 147.
- Chisholm 1911.
- Larousse, Pierre (1869). Grand Dictionnaire Universel [du XIXe Siecle] Francais: A-Z 1805-76. France: Administration du Grand dictionnaire universel. p. 117.
- Index biographique des membres et associés de l'Académie royale de Belgique (1769-2005). p 24
- public domain: Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "Baudry, Paul Jacques Aimé". Encyclopædia Britannica (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press. This article incorporates text from a publication now in the
- H. Delaborde, Notice sur la vie et les ouvrages de Baudry (1886); Ch. Ephrussi, Baudry, sa vie et son oevre (1887). (H. FR.)
- Grunchec, P. (1985). The Grand Prix de Rome: Paintings from the École des Beaux-Arts, 1797-1863. Washington, DC: International Exhibitions Foundation. ISBN 0883970759.